What does Greece use for travel?
Ships, beasts of burden, feet.
Often people would be barefoot, and gravel was very tough on feet. Also, the heat from the sun made the road unbearably hot. Pests such as insects also hindered and annoyed. The above issues are not really applicable when it comes to long-distance travel. The primary issue in intercity travel in Greece is the prevalence of mountains and islands in Greece, which makes water-travel requisite. Water-travel is generally more expensive than land-travel.
The Greek Mainland (Thrace, Epirus, Boeotia, Attica, and the Peloponnesus) is among the most mountainous and hilly lands in all of Europe, making land travel between the city-state minimal. It also directed their efforts away from expanding their influence primarily over land and explains why non-coastal regions of Greece took the longest to develop. Conversely, since most of the city-states were relatively close to the water, especially those found on Crete, Cyprus, the Dodecanese Islands…