What does a federal court do?
Federal courts do a lot of things. They hear cases just like state courts, but operate in a different system. They are allowed to hear different kinds of cases than state courts (like if the issue is about the constitution). Also, if the parties in a case are citizens of different states (this is called "diversity") the case is started in a federal court system.
The lowest general level in the Federal System is the Federal District Court, which sits in a defined federal district. An example would be the "Federal district Court for the Western District of Oklahoma" This district court answers to the Circuit Court ( e.g. 10th Circuit etc.) and then to the US Supreme court by Certiori
The case must involve a federal question (matter of federal or constitutional law or US treaties) to be heard in a federal constitutional court (US District Courts, US Court of International Trade, US Court of Appeals Circuit Courts, Supreme Court of the United States). Cases involving monetary claims against the US are heard in the US Court of Federal Claims (not a constitutional court, but a federal court, nevertheless).
The highest court in the federal system is the United States Supreme Court, with nine Supreme Court Justices. The states do not share jurisdiction with the federal court, so the states courts are not a part of the federal court system. Each state decides what it calls its highest court. In Texas, there is a separate court for civil versus criminal cases.
Cases will be filed in federal court if the plaintiff and the tobacco company are from different states. However, if a plaintiff sues the local stores he/she bought from the case may proceed in state court. However, tobacco companies will remove to federal court under theories that federal warning laws preempt state claims. A federal judge then decides to keep the case in federal court or remand to state court.
What are differences between constitutional federal courts legislative federal courts and the supreme court?
Constitutional federal courts are either created or allowed to be created under Article III of the Constitution. For instance, federal district courts and circuit court of appeals are Constitutional federal courts. The Supreme Court also falls under the category of Constitutional Federal Courts and it is the highest court in America. Legislative federal courts, on the other hand, are established by Congress using implied power. For instance, the Court of Military Appeals is a legislative…
Under most circumstances, murder would be tried in a state court; if the defendant is in the military, it may be tried in a military court (federal). If the crime was committed as part of another federal crime or on federal property, the case would appear before a federal court. Under certain circumstances, the defendant (and only the defendant) has the option to exercise federal courts' removal jurisdiction to move his or her case from…