What does ancient greek architecture tell about their beliefs?
Architects strived for precision and excellence which were the hallmarks of Greek art in general, and this centred on their respect for the gods and their intervention in human affairs.
1 person found this useful
there are three styles of columns, one is doric. . One is also called a Corinthian . The other is Ionic
The Greek architecture is the basis of the Roman's architecture. *Roman architecture was influenced by Greek architecture, but waschanged into a new style. Both Roman and Greek architecture areconsidedered classical, although the Romans invented new buildingmaterial such as concrete and cement, whi…le the Greeks usedlimestone and marble. * Greek Roman rectangular circular, oval, complex made from marble concrete Structure of post and beam arcuated with arch, vaultand dome distinguised by columns arch low-pitched soaring most important : spirit of moderation ostentation(flamboyant) ( Full Answer )
ancient greek effects us in many ways. we got the jullian calendar with 365 from non other the Caesar himself. even simple things like the wedding ring was originally from them. Most all of our langauge was thanks to the latin they spoke. examples: muscle meant mouse for muscles look like little mic…e under the skin. vaca meant cow in latin, we got the word vaccine from when we used them to make the first vaccine. male aire meant bad air, to us we get malaria. ( Full Answer )
Greek architecture, one the earliest forms of architecture style. The Greek architects perfected and refined the use of columns, primarily in temples. There are three types of column styles based on the three main Greek Orders of architecture: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. These styles of co…lumn design and architecture were adapted by the Romans, and serve as the basis of everything known as Classical architecture today. The Greeks having the first true form of democracy which America would later adopt has a true influence on Americas Capital buildings. For example the White House and Capital Building have columns on the front, and Greek was known from their columns on there temples. ( Full Answer )
The greatest contribution of Greek Architecture is the use of the columns, which we still use today. They also contributed the development of limestone, marble, and concrete as a building material.
The ancient Greeks thought that when they looked up at the sky at night they were looking at the heaven.
In two ways. (1) Directly: In certain periods, such as the "Greek Revival" (1820s, I believe), Greek architecture was directly imitated. (2) Indirectly - Greek architecture influenced Roman architecture, which influenced Renaissance architecture (apx 16th c.) and neo-Classical architecture (17-18th… c.) in Europe, which had a world-wide influence. As in literature, philosophy, math, science, and so many areas, Greek civilization provides the basis of what comes afterward. ( Full Answer )
It is the art of designing and building structures. Most largeGreek building had columns. There are three types. Doric, ionic,and Corinthian.
hitectural sculpture showed a development from early Archaic examples through Severe Classical, High Classical, Late Classical and Hellenistic.  Remnants of the Archaic architectural sculpture (700 - 500 BC) exist from the early 6th century BC with the earliest surviving pedimental sculpture bei…ng remnants of a Gorgon flanked by heraldic panthers from the centre of the pediment of the Artemis Temple of Corfu.  A metope from a temple known as "Temple C" at Selinus, Sicily, shows, in a better preserved state, Perseus slaying the Gorgon Medusa.  Both images parallel the stylised depiction of the Gorgons on the black figure name vase decorated by the Nessos painter (c. 600 BC), with the face and shoulders turned frontally, and the legs in a running or kneeling position. At this date images of terrifying monsters have predominance over the emphasis on the human figure that developed with Humanist philosophy.  The Severe Classical style (500 - 450 BC) is represented by the pedimental sculptures of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, (470 - 456 BC). The eastern pediment shows a moment of stillness and "impending drama" before the beginning of a chariot race, the figures of Zeus and the competitors being severe and idealised representations of the human form .  The western pediment has Apollo as the central figure, "majestic" and "remote", presiding over a battle of Lapiths and Centaurs, in strong contrast to that of the eastern pediment for its depiction of violent action, and described by D. E. Strong as the "most powerful piece of illustration" for a hundred years.  The shallow reliefs and three-dimensional sculpture which adorned the frieze and pediments, respectively, of the Parthenon, are the lifelike products of the High Classical style (450 -400 BC) and were created under the direction of the sculptor Phidias.  The pedimental sculpture represents the Gods of Olympus, while the frieze shows the Panathenaic procession and ceremonial events that took place every four years to honour the titular Goddess of Athens.  The frieze and remaining figures of the eastern pediment show a profound understanding of the human body, and how it varies depending upon its position and the stresses that action and emotion place upon it. Benjamin Robert Haydon described the reclining figure of Dionysus as "....the most heroic style of art, combined with all the essential detail of actual life".  The names of many famous sculptors are known from the Late Classical period (400 - 323 BC), including Timotheos, Praxiteles, Leochares and Skopas, but their works are known mainly from Roman copies.  Little architectural sculpture of the period remains intact. The Temple of Asclepius at Epidauros had sculpture by Timotheos working with the architect Theodotos. Fragments of the eastern pediment survive, showing the Sack of Troy. The scene appears to have filled the space with figures carefully arranged to fit the slope and shape available, as with earlier east pediment of the Temple of Zeus at Olympus. But the figures are more violent in action, the central space taken up, not with a commanding God, but with the dynamic figure of Neoptolemos as he seizes the aged king Priam and stabs him. The remaining fragments give the impression of a whole range of human emotions, fear, horror, cruelty and lust for conquest.  The acroteria were sculptured by Timotheus, except for that at the centre of the east pediment which is the work of the architect. The palmate acroteria have been replaced here with small figures, the eastern pediment being surmounted by a winged Nike, poised against the wind.  Hellenistic architectural sculpture (323 - 31 BC) was to become more flamboyant, both in the rendering of expression and motion, which is often emphasised by flowing draperies, the Nike Samothrace which decorated a monument in the shape of a ship being a well known example. ThePergamon Altar (c. 180-160 BC) has a frieze (120 metres long by 2.3 metres high) of figures in very high relief. The frieze represents the battle for supremacy of Gods and ( Full Answer )
Greek and Roman architecture both were readopted during theRenaissance period. Doric columns and the grand opulence of Ancienttemples were used during the Renaissance.
Most of the ancient temples and theatres in Greece were built between 575 bc and 300 bc. A few were built before and after that time frame.
Common materials of Greek architecture were wood, used for supports and roof beams; plaster, used for sinks and bathtubs; unbaked brick, used for walls, especially for private homes; limestone and marble, used for columns, walls, and upper portions of temples and public buildings; terracotta, used f…or roof tiles and ornaments; and metals, especially bronze, used for decorative details. ( Full Answer )
They didn't really have any beliefs. Their tales of Gods and Goddesses on Mount Olympus and all the mythology weren't taken seriously. They were originally meant as moral tales, but soon became entertainment.
Well I know this lot... They began in 776 BC There was a special oath to Zeus that all athletes had to make. The oath was saying that you'd trained for the ten months. There were ten Hellenodikai(game organisers) watching the oath. They were played in a village at the foot of Mount Olympus, ca…lled Olympia. On the first day of the games offerings/sacrifices of grain, wine and lambs were made to Zeus. The punishment for cheating in the Olympics was a fine. The money was used for a statue of Zeus. The prize for first place was a statue of the winner set up in Olympia and a crown of olive leaves and vines. Slaves couldn't take part in the Olympics. Only free men and boys could compete, as long as they'd never been in slavery. women could enter horses and chariot teams in the chariot and horse events. This was the only part of the Olympics they could play. They weren't even driving the chariot, just receiving the winnings. Belistiche was the first woman to win the chariot and horse events. Married women weren't allowed to go to the games. if they did, they would serve a death penalty. However, unmarried women were allowed to go. Competitors were trained in the wrestling-school for wrestling events(the wrestling-school was called the palaestra) The Marathon was never an event in the Olympics in ancient Greece. The first known Olympic winner was Koroibos, from Elis. In boxing events they wore hard, leather thongs. Many people were killed in these events. In fighting events they were allowed to grab their opponents fingers and break them. The Pankration was an ancient Greek Olympic sport that combined wrestling and boxing. In the middle of the Olympics exactly 100 oxen were killed as a sacrifice to Zeus. Sometimes, to encourage the jumpers, there was a flute playing to help with the flow of the jump. The whole of the Ancient Olympics lasted for 5 days. So. That's what I know. I hope you found it useful! And, to other question-answer-ers, add to what I've said! Help this person! Excuse me but the marathon WAS one of their activities. ( Full Answer )
They knew the time by looking at the shadow cast by a tree, a rock, or even their own body and that meant it was long early in the morning and grew shorter and shorter until it disappeared when the sun was overhead in the middle of the day. They also would have noticed that the shadow grew longer ag…ain, on the other side of the tree, as night came. ( Full Answer )
here are some sites for ancient Greece they are not all about beliefs but they still might help you http://www.schoolsliaison.org http://www.canadianlawsite.ca http://www.historyforkids.org http://www.workablepeace.org/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relh http://www.gr…eeka.com/Greece-traditions.htm http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0210200/ancient_greece/Greece.htm ( Full Answer )
The Ancient Greeks were pagans. They worshipped 12 major Gods/Goddesses and many minor ones. The most important of the 12 were the 3 brothers: Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades. They were the most important. Zeus was ruler of the air/heavens, thus being the King of the Gods. Poseidon was ruler of the Seas. …He had a palace beneath the ocean. Hades was ruler of the Underworld. That was where all the dead people went (despite the name, a lot of the places were pretty nice. That was where the GOOD dead people lived). He got stuck with the worst, since his brothers tricked him into taking that part. The other Gods/Goddesses were important and ruled other parts of the world. Athena was the Goddess of Wisdom, Ares was the God of War, Aphrodite was the Goddess of Love and Beauty, Artemis was the Goddess of the Hunt, and so on. ( Full Answer )
well there are somethings tht tell us about religious beliefs in the ancient and modern Olympics which are all competitors are from there country they were born in and they are competing for tht country what ever religious beliefs they might have!
Ancient Greeks invented architecture because they built grandbuildings to honor their gods. They had plenty of stone available.
Doric was one of the main styles of Greek architecture. It refersto a style of column that is heavy and fluted.
Greek architecture influenced local architecture in a few ways.This is because the Greeks started to use arches and a differentway of building.
The Romans were heavily influenced by the Greeks and so they designed their buildings in a similar manner to the them yet they also invented numerous architectural advantages over the Greeks.
Ornamental and decorative molding in ancient Greek architecture wasdifferent depending on which order of architecture it came from.There are three classic Greek orders that progress from fairlysimple to quite ornate: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian.
Classical is a strange word to define. For the purpose of talking about Greek architecture, Classical means that it was made during the time period that is called classical antiquity. This generally includes Roman and Etruscan architecture as well. One could say that a Greek temple was a classical… building, a Gothic cathedral is a Medieval building, and the cathedral in Florence is a Renaissance building. Those labels refer mostly to the time period the building was built in. It gets tricky in architecture when we start using words like classical to talk about buildings that were built in a different time period, but look like they were built in a classical time period. ( Full Answer )
the mostcommon type of greek arcgitecture is thecatoliphas which was invented by atonimas in the last 1100. it wasused in all greek buildings until the war of alcomost titus in the1200. if you travel to greece it is very common that you should seethese buildings in ruin or maybe in good condition. i… hope myinformaton has helped you and remember that zeuss is not thehighest god in greece. it is aknitius so you dont want to affendany one in greece by saying that zeuss is the highest god. have anice day darlin . ( Full Answer )
There are three main types of Greek architecture, Doric, Ionic andCorinthian. Doric style tended to have a plain capital, Ioniccolumns always have bases and have narrower flutes, Corinthian issimilar to Ionic, however they have highly decorated capitals.
Greek architecture, one the earliest forms of architecture style. The Greek architects perfected and refined the use of columns, primarily in temples. There are three types of column styles based on the three main Greek Orders of architecture: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. These styles of column …design and architecture were adapted by the Romans, and serve as the basis of everything known as Classical architecture today. The Greeks having the first true form of democracy which America would later adopt has a true influence on Americas Capital buildings. For example the White House and Capital Building have columns on the front, and Greek was known from their columns on there temples. ( Full Answer )
The 12 Olympians were the main cornerstone of the ancient greek religion, and stories about them struck fear and a need to impress them upon the greek people.
What do some historians and modern day architects consider to be the finest example of Ancient Greek architecture?
The Doric temple on the Acropolis in Athens called the Parthenon. This temple was dedicated to the goddess Athena. It was built between 447 -432 BC under the rule of Pericles. The actual names of the main builders and designers were Phidias, Ictinus and Callicrates.
There were paintings in ancient greece, but due to decomposition we dont have many findings. Well preserved paintings (in walls) we can find in the palace of Knossos (Minoan civilization).
Modern Greeks are mostly Greek Orthodox, a form of Christianity, but really they can be anything that Americans can be. Of course, if you mean ancient Greeks, we've all heard of the Greek gods, like Zeus, Athena, Ares, Aphrodite, Hera, etc.
Virtually all buildings in ancient Greece, including homes, were built in accordance to the golden section (1.618), or rather, mathematical principles that dictate that the measurements of a building have to equal that number. A rectangular shape, or triangular one, is only "beautiful" if after runn…ing some numbers regarding the overall dimensions, you get the golden secion. Wikipedia has the equation to run the numbers in; my math skills stink, so from my limited understanding I think what they were saying was, crudely put "measure everything, then run the numbers with this equation, if you get the golden section its beautiful." Designing a building with the golden section in mind is extremely difficult, because the design makes for twice the work. The ancient Greeks were willing to put in the work though because they were using marble for many of their public buildings and temples. Because with marble you only get one shot at it, given how heavy the stone is, how difficult it is to build with it, the ancient Greeks made up their minds to make every building beautiful. Even though most of it is in ruins now, ancient Greek architecture is still awe inspiring by people who see it first hand. ( Full Answer )
An eagle was the king of the gods (Zeus) symbol and we still use eagles as symbols in modern architecture. We use round columns in modern architecture and if you look at pictures of the Parthenon, round columns are used in the design.
Roman architecture is not simular. The Romans were more practical. They made their builldings out of bricks and covered it in marble.
Some of the achievements were arches in buildings and we still use it today and dome buildings like the Los Angeles Colosseum
I dont find it fair to awnser an opinion question but in my opinion it is elegant.
Well, a marker should be looking for a bit about the Parthenon and the Acropolis.
Some of European architectural styles were influenced by Greco-Roman styles. The Italian Renaissance was a period of rediscovery of the classics (Romans and Greeks). Many famous architects of the time were influenced by Roman architecture, which in turn had been influenced by Greek architecture. Som…e of these architects had an enduring influence in Europe. This influence was also continued by the Neo-classical style of the 18 th and 19 th centuries. In the early Middle Ages there was also the Romanesque style which copied Roman styles. However, the mentioned styles are only some of the European styles. Some western European styles were not influenced by Greek or Roman styles, the most notable of these being the Gothic style. In Eastern Europe there were also styles that did not have a Greek influence. ( Full Answer )
The Egyptian architecture mostly has something to do with its culture and is harder to build. Also, most of the buildings were larger.
What was the most important type of building in ancient Greece and what were the main religious beliefs of the Greeks?
The temples were the most important type of building, and the main religious beliefs were that there was a physical embodiment for everything in nature, and for things such as weather, natural disasters, and other things they couldn't explain.
You should understand that what we describe today as Greek mythology was the religion of the ancient Greeks; to them it was not mythology, it was reality. The gods of ancient Greece were thought to actually exist, and to live on Mount Olympus, and to watch over and meddle in human lives, as describe…d by Homer, and so forth. ( Full Answer )
The Greeks feared death. The journey after death was to a land known as Hades, ruled by a god named Hades. The first part of the journey required crossing the river Styx by being buried with a coin for the boatman Charon. Next, Cereberus, the three-headed guard dog, would have to be appeased with ho…neycake. The Underworld offered punishment for the bad and pleasure for the good. On the one hand, the Elysian Fields, a sunny and green paradise, was the home to those who had a led a good life. Others were condemned to a torture. Tantalus, for example, was forced to be perpetually hungry and thirsty while next to a fruit tree and lake that he just barely failed to reach. And Sisyphus was forced to a roll a rock up a hill, only to have it return to the bottom where he began the task. They provide us with the English words tantalize and Sisyphusian task, both of which describe a frustrating futility. Most were not actually tortured, however. Rather, they went on shadows of their previous selves. ( Full Answer )
After copying styles from principally Egypt they developed within acentury from wood to stone. They worked out how to establish stablefoundations,and learnt such things as sloping the outside columnsslightly inwars so that they looked vertical, used lead around theiron pins to stop rusting iron expa…nding and splitting the crossbeams, established stable roofs, and introduced facades whichenhanced the structures. And they painted them in brilliant colours, which we seem to haveforgotten in our replicas of today. ( Full Answer )
They began with wooden structures, upright poles with crossbeams.This morphed into stone columns and stone crossbeams to save havingto replace the wood regularly. They also had an artistic yen whichadded the adornment of these basic structures with add-on offascias, frescoes, artwork and paint. The …wooden roofs werereplaced with more durable tiles, and earthen floors with pavedones. ( Full Answer )
The usual one - of a range of gods with different roles, headed bythe high god Zeus. The gods of the western world were similar, andthey recognised that they were the same gods under different names,ie Greek Zeus = Roman Jupiter. It was not until the emergence ofthe Jewish, Christian and Islamic sin…gle gods that religion turnednasty and religious wars broke out with vast numbers of peopleslaughtered in the god's name. ( Full Answer )
The 3 basic styles are Ionic, Doric , and Corinthian, withtwo other variants called the Tuscan (plainer Doric) and theComposite (stylized Corinthian) -- classifications added in the16th century, rather than separate styles.
There were many Greek city-states established i Italy before Romeexpanded to take over the peninsula (eg Naples was Greek, name camefrom the Greek nea = new, polis = city). When the Romans absorbedthese cities, it also absorbed much of their culture, includingarchitecture.
Explain the origins of Greek culture and five distinctive characteristics of ancient Greek culture as related to architecture philosophy history literature and religion.?
Culture evolves in societies where there is a surplus of foodproduction and attention can be devoted to it rather than meresurvival. This occurred in the Greek world in the First MillenniumBCE. This developed in the fields of politics, architecture,philosophy, literature, religion and science. It al…so encouragedwar as a means of survival and expansion. ( Full Answer )
An act of a god. Gods were used to explain the unexplainable in apre-scientific world. Many people today still follow that, ignoringscientific reality.
The columns made of stone barrels, which supported the roof, andgave the building its structure and appearance.