Asked in Health
What does enviromental health hazards mean?
April 04, 2011 1:42AM
An Environmental Health Hazard is a health risk that takes place in a certain environment. Some common Environmental Health Risks include:
Exposure to high temperature and humidity results in loss of water and
electrolytes (salts) and may lead to heat exhaustion and heat stroke. In hot dry
conditions, dehydration is particularly likely to develop unless care is taken to
maintain adequate fluid intake. The addition of a little table salt to food or drink
(unless this is contraindicated for the individual) can help to prevent heat
exhaustion, particularly during the period of adaptation.
Consumption of salt-containing food and drink helps to replenish the electrolytes
in case of heat exhaustion and after excessive sweating. Older travellers should
take particular care to consume extra fluids in hot conditions, as the thirst reflex
diminishes with age. Care should be taken to ensure that infants and young
children drink enough liquid to avoid dehydration.
Irritation of the skin may be experienced in hot conditions (prickly heat). Fungal
skin infections such as tinea pedis (athlete's foot) are often aggravated by heat
and humidity. A daily shower, wearing loose cotton clothing and applying talcum
powder to sensitive skin areas help to reduce the development or spread of these
Exposure to hot, dry, dusty air may lead to irritation and infection of the eyes
and respiratory tract.