What does the word peasant mean in the middle ages?
someone thats a poor and owns very little land
The English surname Bond is a status name for a peasant farmer. From the Middle English word bonde, and the Old Norse word bóndi. The status of the peasant farmer fluctuated considerably during the Middle Ages. Among Germanic peoples, the term came to signify a farmer bound by loyalty to a lord. This developed the sense of a free landholder as opposed to a serf. In England after the Norman Conquest the word sank in…
Peasants who owned land were called yeomen. Another word for a peasant who owned land was franklin. This was a usage in the Late Middle Ages, however, and the term originally simply meant freeman, or a peasant who was not a serf, regardless of whether he owned or rented the land. Another useful word to know is freeholder, who was a person who owned land, as opposed to a copyholder, who rented with a lease.