What effect could the length of days on Venus have on the temperature of its surface?
The extraordinarily slow rotation of Venus (once every 243 Earth days) could have the effect of increasing the difference between temperatures on the "day" side as opposed to the "night" side, as occurs on Mercury. A day or night on Venus is 58 Earth days long. But this temperature variation does not occur due to its dense atmosphere.
Venus has an incredibly thick atmosphere that doesn't let most heat escape. It has a lot of carbon dioxide in its atmosphere (a greenhouse gas) which traps heat energy re-radiated by the planet. The atmosphere also effectively tranports this heat around, so it is also practically as hot at "nighttime" or at the poles.
How does the inner planets distance from the sun relate to the average surface temperature of the planet?
Why is the surface temperature of venus higher than the surface temperatures of the other inner planets?
The second planet from the sun which has moonlike phases and a surface heat of over 450 degrees C caused by the greenhouse effect is Venus?
Venus has a runaway greenhouse effect. This made the temperature rise and rise. More and more water from the oceans evaporated into the atmosphere. The warm atmosphere was able to hold more water vapor. This feedback effect caused the oceans to eventually boil dry. Today the atmosphere of Venus is 96% carbon dioxide and temperature on the surface is 894°F (480°C).