What factors lead to world war 1?

Updated: 9/11/2023
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Prior to the Atomic Age, the "Arm's Race" (from about 1880 to December 10, 1941-When the Aircraft Carrier (Air Power) replaced the Battleship as a major weapon at sea) consisted of BATTLESHIPs. European nations; Britain, Germany, France, Russia, Italy, and some smaller European Nations, and the United States, Japan, China, and some South American had built for them or outright purchased modern steel battleships for their navies. During that particular time frame, if a nation didn't possess battleships, they weren't worthy of being called a civilized nation, and they basically had little say on what went on in the world. Navies allowed countries/nations to PROJECT their military might; without a navy a country was pretty well restricted to it's own shores. Navies weren't powerful unless they had BATTLESHIPS. Consequently...the Arm's Race. Of all of the European Nations, Russia appeared to be the weakest competitor, but with the greatest potential to become a dangerous adversary; so Britain and France tried to keep Russia out of the Naval Arm's Race by fighting the Crimean War in 1853, when Russia attempted to build "dry-docks" for ship construction in Sevastopal in Crimea. Britain & France won the war, and Russia was slowed down in Naval construction. So now the biggest race was between Britain, France and Germany. Russia persisted, and grew again, and by the turn of the 20th Century, Germany's Leader, who was related to the Russian Tzar "talked" him into fighting Japan in 1904. This war would either eliminate the Japanese as a competitor, or eliminate Russia...or both. Leaving only Britain, France, and Germany, as major competitors in the Arm's Race. The war was fought from 1904-1905; Russia lost 2 complete battleship fleets, with only one remaining locked up in the Black Sea (locked up by treaty). Japan won the war and remained intact, but on the other side of the world...out of the European Race. The Russo-Japanese War allowed the British to approve their new Battleship HMS Dreadnaught which was launched in 1906; which launched a NEW Arm's Race based upon that Battleship design. All of the world's navies described above "raced " to build DREADNAUGHTS. Germany was now free to concentrate building up it's Navy of Dreadnaughts to take on the British GRAND FLEET. Britain, France went to war with Germany in 1914, the Dreadnaughts clashed at Jutland in 1916. Both Britain & Germany claimed victory; Britain claimed Germany would not come out and fight again, therefore they won. Germany claimed they sank more ships (which was correct) so they won. No Dreadnaughts were sunk, ONLY Battlecruisers; and Jutland became known as the battle of lost opportunities! Russia had the Communist Revolution in 1917, and had to withdraw from the war (WW1). The US entered WW1 in 1917, the war ended by Armistice in 1918.

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Q: What factors lead to world war 1?
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