What impact did World War 1 have on American civil liberties?
Below are some of the ways in which World War I had an impact on American civil liberties:
-Committee on Public Information propaganda effectively cast Germans as evil force in World War
-Espionage and Sedition Acts (Loosely worded laws which gave the government wide authority to prosecute war critics)
-Numerous arrests and convictions with long prison sentences for those seen as "disloyal"
-Supreme Court upheld acts, using "clear and present danger" doctrine to limit free speech in time of war
-Persecution of radicals: Wilson administration focused on IWW and Socialist Party as targets of suppression
The American Civil Liberties Union is broken down two separate non-profit organizations: The ACLU foundation which focuses on litigation and communication efforts, and the American Civil Liberties Union which focuses on legislative lobbying. Its primary mission is to defend and preserve the Bill of Rights, the amendments to the U.S Constitution that guarantee individual civil right to each of the country's citizens.