Hitler wasn't particularly effective in indoctrinating the working class.
Although he named his party the National Socialist Party in order to appeal to the working man, it was in the Middle class that he gained the most support.
Using fear of communism, national pride and the loss of economic status caused by the hyper inflation of the 1920's, he convinced people that he could restore Germany to its former position and then to greater glory.
This not only appealed to the Middle Class but also to the influential aristocratic military class which had been stripped of their titles after World War I.
It was the people who had the most to lose that supported Hitler, because if they hadn't then there would almost certainly have been an attempt at a communist coup.
As a propaganda method, name-calling could include referring to a labor union supporter as anti-business. One could also use the unfamiliarity of someone with a certain topic to brand them as ignorant or lacking knowledge.
In addition, propaganda posters sold liberty/war bonds and to make people want to participate in home-front organizations to support the war effort.
Britain, in particular, used propaganda to influence public opinion in neutral countries, especially the U.S. Germany lost the propaganda was very early ...
I'm sure we've all seen the poster of a woman flexing her arm saying, "We can do it!" This was aimed toward virtually all able-bodied women in America, urging them to join the workforce, to produce supplies for the war overseas. In my personal oppinion, this campaign was very effective. During the end of 43 and into 44, American factories were producing more aircraft and ammo and tanks than ever before.
Yes propaganda did and does work, the Nazi's used it to capture ALL of Germany and most of Europe... (Almost the entire of the World) They captured the media, (Paul Joseph Goebbels was a German politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda in Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945.) there's a certain news magnate (now under serious investigations) who controls the majority of what is reported as news in major countries today including US... Here's Hitler's take on propaganda and the ideologues are using now in US politics currently:
"Propaganda must always address itself to the broad masses of the people… All propaganda must be presented in a popular form and must fix its intellectual level so as not to be above the heads of the least intellectual of those to whom it is directed… The art of propaganda consists precisely in being able to awaken the imagination of the public through an appeal to their feelings, in finding the appropriate psychological form will arrest the attention and appeal to the hearts of the national masses. The broad masses of people are not made up of diplomats or professors of public jurisprudence nor simply of persons who are able to form reasoned judgment in given cases, but a vacillating crowd of human children who are constantly wavering between one idea and another. (….) The great majority of a nation is so feminine in its character and outlook that its thought and conduct are ruled by sentiment rather than by sober reasoning. This sentiment, however, is not complex, but simple and consistent. It is not highly differentiated, but has only the negative and positive notions of love and hate, right and wrong, truth and falsehood. (….)" John L. Carriker A Voice from Kansas
Types of propaganda:
1. Bandwagon - To convince the audience to do or believe something because everyone else is doing it.
2. Plain Folks - Suggesting something is practical and a good value for ordinary people.
3. Glittering Generality - Using words so strongly positive in emotional content that just hearing them makes you feel good. The words express a positive meaning without actually giving a guarantee.
4. Transfer - Transferring good looks, feelings, or ideas to the person who the propaganda is meant to influence. Suggests the positive qualities to be associated with the product and the user.
5. Testimonial - Using a famous person to endorse the product.
6. Repetition - Using the product name or a keyword or phrase over and over.
7. Name Calling- Using harsh/kind words to make a point effective.
I'm going to give a short answer: About 5 years ago I published a collection of over 1,125 selected quotations on Propaganda, Persuasion and Deception. It's available as a free PDF download at several places on the web. Search for it under Propaganda, Persuasion and Deception, by Laird Wilcox. I think you'll find it very useful.
try the Australian war menorial website:
awm.gov.auAnswerTryhttp://www.anzacday.org.au/history/ww2/homefront/it is an EXCELLENT WEBSITE !!
Propaganda was a popular attempt to sway the public opinion in America just before its involvement. German propaganda organizations such as the German Literary Defence Committee distributed over a million pamphlets during 1914 stressing their strength and will. Allied propaganda called on historical ties and exploited German atrocities, both real and alleged. Despite all the attempted influence, the propaganda made little difference to America's public opinion. Ties of heritage, trade and the course of the war, not propaganda, decided the American position.
Some people during the war thought that the propaganda posters were a good thing and that it was good that all the bad news wasn't getting around. Also, in the case of Hitler and Mussolini, they respected them and supported their choices. Now, on the other hand, other people thought that they should be able to know what is going on in their country and in the case of Hitler and Mussolini, they didn't like what they were doing to their country and didn't support them at all.
one way people can see that i promote individuality is that i
an example of transfer propaganda is something such as one lady is on her hands and knees cleaning with a bottle of cleaner. She is tired and exhausted, but on the other hand, another lady with a dress on, good looking hair and talking on the phone with a sparkling shine kitchen while looking at a bottle of "some brand of cleaning stuff." This is tring to get your negative feelings from the first lady to "transfer" to positive ones to the second lady so you'll buy their product.
gago kayo hindi kyo mag isip,,
Propaganda is the manipulation of information to influence public opinion. It uses a number of different techniques, such as emphasizing bits of information that support a position and minimizing or excluding those that do not (this is often called "cherry picking"). There are many different kinds of propaganda, but it is most commonly seen in politics; some would say it can also be seen in advertising, or even in religion. The word originally comes from religion-- it derives from the Latin word for 'spreading the faith.'
You can see propaganda techniques in action when a president or a prime minister spreads false or exaggerated information to frighten the public and get them to obey. Governments have often used it to remain in power, convincing the public there is an impending threat-- that may not really exist-- and only the current president or king or prime minister can keep everyone safe. This type of propaganda is especially common when a leader wants to gain public support for a war, or when there is a social problem and the government wants to blame one group of people for it.
A good example of propaganda occurred during the Nazi era, when Hitler was able to blame all of Germany's problems on the Jews, who only made up perhaps 5% of the population; he used media, public speeches, fake "medical" studies, and a parade of carefully chosen "experts" to advance his racist theories and make them sound logical to the average person. But it wasn't just the Nazis who used propaganda: there has also been propaganda in a number of countries, America among them-- it was used here to reinforce the need for slavery; other times propaganda has been used included keeping a particular group in a subordinate status (such as insisting that women were of inferior intelligence and did not need the right to vote or have a career); or keeping members of a particular religious faith obedient to religious doctrine by scaring them about the alleged dire consequences of disobeying.
Not every controversial idea is propaganda, however. It should be noted that in political communication, politicians will label as propaganda any ideas or beliefs they disagree with. A common complaint in any political campaign is that the other side's message is nothing more than propaganda. But on the other hand, the media are sometimes guilty of broadcasting or spreading propaganda, when they rely on only "government sources" or when they favor one side in a controversy and refuse to allow other perspectives to be heard, or when they do not ask tough questions of the people in power.
To sum up, propaganda refers to dishonest or biased or manipulated information used to unfairly influence public opinion. Throughout history, political leaders, as well as religious leaders and advocates for particular causes, have sometimes employed propaganda techniques to win public opinion to their side. Here is a link to some of the most common propaganda techniques and how to recognize them.
May I respectfully suggest the following:
A History of the German Occupation, 1940-44 by David Pryce-Jones New York Holt, Rinehart & Winston 1981 ISBN: 0-03-045621-5
While the book itself may not answer all of your questions, the bibliography will certainly lead you in the direction you desire.
Richard V. Horrell WW 2 Connections.com
Propaganda is what keeps the masses content with the dictator. Comrade Stalin's proganda efforts are perhaps the best example; the people grow pacified with any maladies in society, and even grow to accept the dictator as a glorious hero. Such brainwashing stifles dissent before it can begin to grow let alone flourish, maintaining the security of the dictator's position.
They are both used to spread rumor by newsprint.
Propaganda though can also be spread through word of mouth and poster adverts; which makes it tye more influential and powerful of the two.
Hi Chris As far as I know - my knowledge in the field is hardly exhaustive - it was Japan herself who launched the idea of a "new Order" in Asia. In the propagating of this new order they utilised resentment against European and American colonisation of Asia. Propaganda posters displayed the Japanese as liberators, and all whites as evicted oppressors. Asians are often portrayed as a homogenous group, thus perhaps a brotherhood of sorts. From the outset, this propaganda effort had a major problem - the sender. The Japanese were since medieval times a nowhere very loved people, and asians tended to resented them at least as much as they resented westerners. There were numerous other problems. Western nations usually had ethnic or social minorities in the colonies who were quite dependent on their protection against majorities. White rule was usually based on the collaboration of such minorities ("divide and conquer"). These groups were not particularly interested in anticolonisalism arguments. In fact they had every reason to fear the departure of the whites. In some cases, such as the Philippines, religion became an issue (and at any rate, the Filipinos had no tradition of positive relations with the Japanese even before Spanish and then US colonisation). But, occasionally there were successes. Local movements were either inspired by these ideas (and the Japanese humiliation of white armed forces, showing it was possible to resist successfully), or simply used the Japanese as a mean to obtain an independence already desired. These successes were largely destroyed by the Japanese themselves, as they did not really offer independence and liberation, but simply change of oppressor, which was soon made evident. Hope that helps some Tommy
Propaganda was used in 4 primary ways;
1) to encourage citizens to help in the war effort,
2) to encourage foreign parties, such as America, to help in the war effort (although obviously it was not just a few posters that meant America helped)
4) to ensure that the American GI's that came to England were supported by their British colleagues and
3) to encourage morale amongst the British people.
The way in which this propoganda was took place is, most notably through poster campaigns, such as the infamous 'Your Country Needs You' campaign, as well as through a series of others, including those encouraging women to help in the war effort.
There were also other media outlets that need to be considered. In order to keep morale up it was important that newspapers kept an effective balance between informing the nation about the events of the war, and keeping the nation calm during a great time of economic, political and social dificulty. Newspaper articles, which were produced on very limited resources due to the rationing of world war two and therefore every word was carefully considered, were, therefore, as upbeat as possible, and aimed at encouraging the nation.
One other notable media outlet is that of newsreels.
Newsreels had started in 1910, with Charles Pathé's Animated Gazette, though there were many other companies that made this form of media. By 1929, sound had been added and by the time World War Two began newsreels were being produced twice a week, and there were even cinemas dedicated to them alone. As part of the cinema experience it was very important that these newsreels were light hearted and not too serious. They were also a regurgitation of the news, as oposed to a first-time exposure to it. The way in which they were used for propaganda can be seen in examples, such as Yanks Toughen Up, or Raid on Dresden- Night and Day (both of which are available on the Movietone archives website), where the 'special relationship' (though this term was not first used until Winston Churchill's Iron Curtain speech in 1946, after the war had ended) between Britain and America was exagerated. This was to prove to Britain that the influx of troops, that had led to George Orwell exclaiming that being in London was like being in 'Occupied Territory' in 1943, were helpful, generous and just like everyone else. The GIs were never referred to in a negative way.
This brings us on to the topic of censorship.
The fact that the GIs were not realistically portrayed, i.e. as human beings with vices, shows us that there were factors as to what the public were exposed to via the media.
Another way in which censorship took place was, after 1944, under the BBC's self-imposed 14 day rule, which meant that the BBC could not report on any government activity until fourteen days after it had taken place. This was so that governments could act without the pressure of the general public knowing everything that was going on, as well as meaning that the BBC could control the amount of air time politicians received (this 'rule' collapsed in 1956 after the Suez Crisis led to the BBC and ITV complaining that though they had the resources to report on important news, they were not allowed to do so)
Propaganda and censorship was used in world war two to get the message across to people to join or help in the war. Censorship was used not to tell people what propaganda wanted to tell people.
Definition of propaganda:
People in world war two would put posters up (example: Your country needs you) It would bully people into doing things such as: Joining the war.
Definition of censorship:
Soilders in world war two would write letters home and people ( such as Adolf Hitler) Would check them and if they were giving away secrets then they would get rid of them.
I hope i have explained this clearly enough xxx
censorship and propaganda was used to keep the morale of the people in ww2. censorship, also stopped enemys from gathering valuable information.
The narrator used allusion and exaggeration to keep us all interested. He never spoke in chronological order, though he spoke with with rhythm. His broad dialect smothered the metaphors and propaganda within his speech. Each annecdote was full of hyperbole.
== == They didn't. After the French defeat the French government moved from Paris to Vichy which was in the part of France that the armistice agreement said would remain unoccupied. It was the legitimate government of France and continued to govern the country although it became a puppet of the Germans. It was not against France or the French people except in the sense that it was a fascist dictatorship and thus denied them their fundamental rights while collaborating with the occupying Germans.
It is used to promote anger amongst the Patriots. You see the armed British outnumbering the defenseless people in the town square and murdering them. In truth, only five people were killed and the British fired in the from of defense. The citizens were provoking the soldiers by throwing ice and stones at them, but that was not mentioned in the article, slandering the British.
Propaganda is different than persuasion. A propagandist is only interested in achieving his goals. Persuasion involves a dialogue between two parties. If I'm attempting to persuade you, I make my goals clear, state my case, listen to your concerns, adjust my goals as necessary, etc. Ideally, both sides win.
That's not the case with propaganda, which is one-sided with the goals of the propagandist concealed. A propagandist attempts to achieve his goals at all costs.
Paul Revere used Propaganda to convince people that the civilians were defenseless at the Boston Massacre.
It was used in world war one by Billy Hughes the Australian priminister back then. He was trying to get people to follow conscription which is to force people to go to war, but he never got his point out to the world.
Other occasion is Adolf Hitler in world war 2. He persuaded Germany to do a lot.
Hope these small points help
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