Climatology and Climate Changes

Climatology is the meteorological study of the climates of the earth, their origin, and their role as elements of the natural environment. Climate is the expected mean and variability of the weather conditions for a particular location, season, and time of day. Climate change involves statistical changes in the distribution of weather over periods of time, which could be decades or millions of years.

Meteorology and Weather
Climatology and Climate Changes

What is the population density for a tropical wet climate?


New York
Meteorology and Weather
Climatology and Climate Changes

What is the climate and weather of New York State?

New York has a humid continental climate. Weather in New York is heavily influenced by two continental air masses: a warm, humid one from the southwest and a cold, dry one from the northwest. A cool, humid airflow from the North Atlantic also has an effect on weather in the state, albeit to a lesser extent than the continental ones. Many continental frontal boundaries move across New York, and storm systems moving north along the coast often affect the southern areas of the state.

The winters are long and cold in the Plateau Divisions of the state. In the majority of winter seasons, a temperature of −13 °F (−25 °C) or lower can be expected in the northern highlands (Northern Plateau) and 5 °F (−15 °C) or colder in the southwestern and east-central highlands (Southern Plateau). The Adirondack region records from 35 to 45 days with below zero temperatures in normal to severe winters. Much of Upstate New York, particularly Western and Central New York, are typically affected by lake-effect snows. This usually results in high yearly snowfall totals in these regions. Winters are also long and cold in both Western and Central New York, though not as cold as the Adirondack region. The New York City metro area in comparison to the rest of the state is milder in the winter. Thanks in part to geography (its proximity to the Atlantic and being shielded to the north and west by hillier terrain), the New York metro area usually sees far less snow than the rest of the state. Lake-effect snow rarely affects the New York metro area, except for its extreme northwestern suburbs. Winters also tend to be noticeably shorter here than the rest of the state.

New York
Colonial America
Climatology and Climate Changes

What was the climate of colonial New York?

Colonial New York had a very similar climate to today's. See the related question for that description.

Meteorology and Weather
Climatology and Climate Changes
The Difference Between

What is the difference between weather and climate?

WEATHER: Weather is basically the way the atmosphere is behaving, mainly with respect to its effects upon life and human activities. Most people think of weather in terms of temperature, humidity, precipitation, cloudiness, brightness, visibility, wind, and atmospheric pressure, as in high and low pressure. In most places, weather can change from minute-to-minute, hour-to-hour, day-to-day, and season-to-season.

CLIMATE: Climate is the description of the long-term pattern of weather in a particular area.

Some scientists define climate as the average weather for a particular region and time period, usually taken over 30-years. When scientists talk about climate, they're looking at averages of precipitation, temperature, humidity, sunshine, wind velocity, phenomena such as fog, frost, and hail storms, and other measures of the weather that occur over a long period in a particular place.

For example, after looking at rain gauge data, lake and reservoir levels, and satellite data, scientists can tell if during a summer, an area was drier than average. If it continues to be drier than normal over the course of many summers, than it would likely indicate a change in the climate.

In the context of climate change: Weather varies all the time, but climate doesn't vary nearly as quickly.

The Earth's climate is changing relatively quickly (relative to its usual pace) now due to an enhanced greenhouse effect caused by humans emissions of greenhouse gases, and most locations are experiencing a net warming as a result. This doesn't mean it can't get cold anymore, or even that record cold temperatures will no longer occur. But it does mean that, in most areas, heat waves (or unusual warmth in the winter) will be warmer and cold snaps (or cool periods in summer) will not be as cold.

The time scale of climate is not nearly as intuitive as that of weather, so even people who understand this have a tendency to be influenced only by the most recent weather they experience. You can observe this effect by watching the news during both cold snaps and heat waves, which will be either given as evidence for or against the warming of the Earth. In reality, you cannot attribute either to a changing climate due to the small spatial and temporal scale of these events; weather variability will always be of greater magnitude than observed changes in climate.

Global Warming
Climatology and Climate Changes
Green Living

What are the predicted results of global warming?

It's pretty simple if you think about it. We are outgrowing the Earth that we live in. We are grossly overpopulated . We are using up all of our natural resources at an alarming rate Global warming is the reason why storms like hurricanes and tornados are so powerful now not to mention the polar ice caps are melting at an alarming rate. They say that in 10 years Florida will be under water.

Climatology and Climate Changes

What is a climate of pluralism?

In this phrase, pluralism is not referring to anything grammatical. It is referring to pluralism as a diversity of viewpoints or the stance that no one view is better than another.

Global Warming
Climatology and Climate Changes
Latitude and Longitude

Does climate and vegetation vary with latitude only?

No, it is also determined by Elevation

Global Warming
Climatology and Climate Changes

How is climate change affecting Antarctica?

Antarctica is the coldest place on our planet, far colder than the Arctic, so changes from global warming will be slower to happen and difficult to measure.

However, there are changes happening. Ice is melting at the edges and snow is building up in the centre!

Warmer air means more moisture in the atmosphere, and this is falling as snow on the centre of the continent. This snow doesn't melt, but builds up as ice.

Approximately 100 cubic kilometers (24 cubic miles) of ice melts in Antarctica every year (NASA's Grace satellite).

East Antarctica is a high, cold, desert plateau. Satellite data show a little mass loss at the edges, but this is counterbalanced by a buildup of snow in the centre. Not much is happening in East Antarctica.

West Antarctica is a series of islands covered with ice, with most of the ice resting on the floor of the ocean (1.7 km or more than 1 mile below sea level in places). The 'grounding line' is where the front of the glacier touches the sea bed. These grounding lines are retreating, which means that the glaciers are losing mass. When this happens, when the underwater part of the glacier melts, the top becomes an ice shelf. An ice shelf is very vulnerable to a warming ocean and the Antarctic ice shelves have been collapsing.

In 2002 the Larsen-B ice shelf (the size of Rhode Island) collapsed and was caught on satellite cameras. The 12,000-year-old ice shelf crumbled in three weeks. After the collapse, the glaciers behind the ice shelf sped up their movement into the ocean.

NASA's satellite measurements show that Antarctica has been losing more than 100 cubic kilometers (24 cubic miles) of ice each year since 2002. The rate of melting is also speeding up.

Meteorology and Weather
Climatology and Climate Changes

What are the average conditions of temperature and precipitation within a particular region over time called?

The general pattern of weather in any particular region is known as that region's climate.

Climatology and Climate Changes

What months are considered to be winter?

The actual period of winter in the northern hemisphere is 21 December through 21 March. In the southern hemisphere, winter is from 21 June through 21 September, while the northern hemisphere is experiencing summer.

Generally speaking, most people in the northern hemisphere think of winter as being in December, January and February while in the southern hemisphere, many people consider winter to be in June, July and August.

In fact in Australia (at least) winter officially begins on 1st June and ends on 31st August.

Climatology and Climate Changes

What is semi arid climate?

quote from wikipedia.

"A semi-arid climate or steppe climate describes climatic regions that receive precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not extremely so. A more precise definition is given by the Köppen climate classification that treats steppe climates (BSk and BSh) as intermediates between desert climates (BW) and humid climates in ecological characteristics and agricultural potential. Semi-arid climates tend to support short or scrubby vegetation, with semi-arid areas usually being dominated by either grasses or shrubs."

Climatology and Climate Changes

How do climate and geography affect vegetation?

If it is hot, plants that are well suited to live if that condision will live there, if plants that are well suited for cold weather live there they would die. Or if desert plants were in a wet land they would die, so it all depends on the type of plant and where it lives.

Climatology and Climate Changes

Why are polar regions dry?

Because its too cold for any water to evaporate and precipitate back down to earth

I think you meant to say that it is too cold for water to CONDENSE and precipitate back down to earth. If it is too dry, water WILL evaporate.

Climatology and Climate Changes

Which two climate regions does Alaska have?

Polar & Subpolar

Meteorology and Weather
Climatology and Climate Changes

What is 375 degrees f in c?

375 degrees Fahrenheit = 190.56 degrees Celsius.

Social Sciences
Climatology and Climate Changes

What factors determine climate?

The factors are:-

1. Distance from the sea

2. Ocean currents

3. Direction of prevailing winds

4. Relief

5. Proximity to the equator

6. The El Nino phenomenon

7. Recently it has accepted that Human activity is also affecting climate.

8. Location


1. Latitude - Distance north or south of equator

2. Altitude - Distance above or below sea level

3. Global Winds - What winds are blowing/where they're coming from/warm or cold

4. Ocean currents - What currents are coming in/where from

5. Topography - Distance from mountains (how close they are)

6. Distance From Water - How close the area is to and ocean or lake (any body of water)

These are the main most important 6.
latitude, prevailing winds, mountains, large bodies of water, and ocean currents.
Precipitation, latitude, trapping of heat, winds and ocean currents, shape and elevations of land masses. (Prentice Hall Biology)


ocean currents




near water

A:The factors that determine climate are latitude, distance from water, elevation, and ocean currents A:it is sun, location, water, wind, and mountains.

The factors that determine climate are temperature, precipitation, altitude, location, latitude, tilt of the axis, surface currents, winds, and elevation.
The latitude, the transportation of heat by winds and ocean currents
Latitude, Altitude, Mountain Barriers, Ocean Currents, Land-Water Relationship, and Prevailing Winds.
five factors that determine climate is elevation, latitude, weather, ,and biome

Climatology and Climate Changes

What countries experience the four seasons?

By some definitions, all countries experience four seasons. The variation in the weather and temperature depends, largely, on the latitude of the country.

However, we tend to say that most tropical countries experience only two seasons: wet and dry. This is because temperature varies very little throughout the year, whereas the position of the inter-tropical convergence zone causes one or more distinct wet seasons. This is far more important to these people than slight changes in temperature because the timing of the rain is so important for agriculture.

Climatology and Climate Changes

What countries experience 4 seasons?

A lot of countries experience 4 seasons. All of them are situated away from the Equator, above the Tropic of Cancer and Capricorn. Some examples are the Countries on the Northern America, mainly USA and Canada, most or all of the European countries. Some countries in Asia experience 4 seasons too, such as China, Korea (North and South), Japan. Australia and New Zealand experience 4 seasons too, but their cycle is different from the countries located on the Northern Hemisphere of the Earth. When the countries in the Northern Hemisphere experience summer, they will experience winter and vice versa.

Math and Arithmetic
Cooking Measurements
Climatology and Climate Changes
Weight and Mass

12oz pasta equals how many pounds?

Three fourths or .75 pounds.

Climatology and Climate Changes
Philippines Ecosystems

What types of climate does the Philippines have?

tropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October)

Meteorology and Weather
Climatology and Climate Changes

Does aspect affect climate?

Yes. In fact, the very way the aspect is facing makes a difference.

Animal Life
Climatology and Climate Changes
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

How do animals protect themselves against climate?

Commonly, a mammal will change it's fur when the climate temperature changes. Reptiles will either sit under the sun or hide under rocks to gather warmth depending on what their climate is like. If it is cold, the reptile (e.g snake) will sit on a dark object and soak up the sun's rays. If the weather is hot, the reptile will sit under a log or rock to cool its body down.

Environmental Issues
Climatology and Climate Changes

Is the climate a natural resource?

it depends because it obviously is natural but with all the pollution it is not very natural any more

Environmental Issues
Climatology and Climate Changes

Why is the Antarctica a unique environment?

The Antarctic environment is unique on the planet. It is not only the coldest, driest, windiest, highest and most uninhabited continent on earth, but it is also home to some of the most amazing animals. It is exactly this fascinating environment that allows these creatures to thrive. Without this fragile environment the entire food chain from plankton and krill to whales would be affected.

Climatology and Climate Changes

What affects china's climate?

pollution and it being near the equator also some of it is located in the tropic of cancer making some parts of china have a tropical climate

hope that answers your question :)

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