Biology
Human Anatomy and Physiology

What is ATP?

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2017-04-18 01:28:24
2017-04-18 01:28:24

ATP is produced by almost all living things in organelles called mitochondria found in cells. It is not energy itself, but rather temporarily "stores" energy in its' bonds. When the third phosphate bond is broken, energy is released. This creates ADP which has one less phosphate attached to the group.

ATP is the acronym for adenosine triphosphate. This compound is a nucleotide that can store large amounts of energy in it's last bond. Cells "run" by using ATP as a fuel source.

Adenosine

Tri

Phosphate

Adding one P to ADP (which has only 2 phosphates) takes energy which is stored in the last bond. You get this energy by eating food.

(Food) Energy + ADP + P ---> ATP

ATP minus P = ADP + P + energy.

It may be helpful to think of ATP as a battery that gets charged, and as soon as it is charged, it can give off a spark of energy that can be used to do work in the body.

See links below:
Adenosine triphosphate is a nucleoside triphosphate used in cells as a coenzyme. It is used to transport chemical energy within cells for metabolism.
Another name for "ATP" is Adenosine triphosphate.

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