What is Montana?

Montana, called "The Treasure State" was admitted to the union in 1889. It is the 4th largest state in area and the 44th largest in population. Montana is located in the Rocky Mountain and Great Plains regions, bordering Idaho, Wyoming, North Dakota, South Dakota and Canada. Montana has two of the best known national parks, Glacier Park and Yellowstone Park (shared with Wyoming and Idaho).
Montana's current capital is Helena, but the capital has been in Virginia City and Bannock (territorial capitals).
Montana is home to 11 Indian tribes on 7 reservations: the Flathead, Fort Peck, Crow, Fort Belknap, Blackfeet and Rocky Boy reservations.
Montana's motto, "Oro y Plata" represents the rich gold and silver deposits in the state. The state animal is the grizzly bear, the state bird is the western meadowlark, the state tree is the ponderosa pine and the state flower is the bitterroot.
Missoula is home to the largest "Smokejumper" base in the nation.

Montana holds the record for the lowest temperature in the Continental United States, 72 degrees below zero, recorded at Roger's Pass. The highest recorded temperature in Montana was 117 degrees, making Montana the state with the widest temperature range in all 50 states. Montana also has the following temperature records:
1) The greatest temperature change in 24 hours occurred in Loma on January 15, 1972. The temperature rose exactly 103 degrees, from -54 degrees Fahrenheit to 49 degrees. This is the world record for a 24-hour temperature change.
2) The greatest temperature change in 12 hours happened on December 14, 1924. The temperature at Fairfield, Montana, dropped from 63 degrees Fahrenheit to -21 degrees at midnight. This 84-degree change in 12 hours stands as the greatest 12-hour temperature change recorded in the United States.
3) The temperature at the Great Falls International Airport on January 11, 1980, rose from -32 degrees Fahrenheit to 15 degrees in seven minutes when Chinook winds eroded an Arctic airmass. The temperature rose from 47 degrees in just seven minutes, making it the record for the most rapid temperature change registered in the United States.