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Answered 2008-10-01 07:38:07

Vaso meaning blood vessels and constriction meaning narrowing. Vasoconstriction is when your blood vessels become smaller or more narrow. This applies to arteries, veins, etc. A common vasoconstricter is Visine, because it constricts the blood vessels in the eye which is why your sclera turns from red to white.

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Where in the body would you find low oxygen levels causing vasocontriction and high levels causing vasodilation?

lungs


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Actually, they behave surprisingly similar to your regular foxes. However, you tend to find that they have an extensive baroreceptor reflex to mediate vasocontriction. This is because it is cold in the arctic and shivering due to vasocontriction helps keep them warm. Also, their paws are larger with longer claws to make it easier to walk on ice.


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How does nerves control human body temperature?

In cold whether blood supply to skin is reduced by vasocontriction. In hot climate it increases so than perspiration should take place. This is done through sympathetic nerves. They supply the skin. (Though functionally this is parasympathetic supply.)


What causes very low systolic and diastolic pressure?

If your blood vessels dilate whithout an increase in your heart rate, your blood pressure can drop dramatically. exercise stimulates your heart rate to increase and also hormones such as Nitros oxide (NO aka. Viagra) causes vasocontriction or the contracting of blood vessels so that blood pressure rises.


How does atenolol treat hypertension?

Hypertension occurs when a person's blood pressure is chronically elevated. Stage 1 hypertension is considered as having a systolic pressure of over 140 and a diastolic pressure of over 90. Essential hypertension has no identifiable cause whereas secondary hypertension has a identifiable cause. Atenolol can be used to treat hypertension. It is a selective beta 1 adrenoreceptor blocker. The blockage of beta 1 receptors leads to a decrease in heart rate and contractility. This will reduce cardiac output and result in decreased blood pressure. Plasma renin activity can also be suppressed by blocking beta 1 adrenoreceptor blocker. This decreases the amount of angiotensin II being formed. As angiotensin II causes vasocontriction, less angiotensin II results in less vasocontriction and hence decreased blood pressure.


What controls the diameter of the arterioles and what do changes in diameter affect?

Arterioles are the smallest vessels of the arterial system, with a diameter of about 1/3 millimeter or smaller. There is much smooth muscle in their tunica media, which causes vasocontrictionwhen it contracts, and vasodilation when it relaxes. Such vasoconstriction and vasodilation plays two important roles in the cardiovascular system.controls of distribution of blood flow to different parts of the bodydetermines the total peripheral resistance


What logical reason explains why the sympathetic nervous system slows down blood flow to the digestive system?

Vasocontriction throughout the intestinal tract during sympathetic discharge helps redistribute the blood and makes it easier for the heart to maintain higher diastolic blood pressure. This increases blood flow to major muscle groups and in turn permits increased oxygenation and energy utilisation, both of which are necessary during situations where physical exertion may have a (perceived) survival benefit.


Does liver maintains body temperature?

yes the liver does maintain body temperature. 1. the liver produces acute phase proteins in response to cytokines which are as a result of inflammatory or infection or other insults to the body..these acute phase proteins act on the hypothalamus and it changes the set point..in response to the change in set point, it stimulates the release prostaglandins which will cause vasocontriction and increase core temperature and if the temperature is above the norm, there is decreased prostaglandins released and vasodilation in turn and increased heat loss. 2. the liver is a great store of and because there are many metabolic activities in the liver, these activities produce heat which is transfered to the blood and as in moves in and out of the liver the blood picks up the heat to distribute it to the body and thus maintaining body temperature.


Does vasoconstriction conserve heat?

Yes, Vasoconstriction is the constricting (narrowing) of the arterioles supplying the the blood to capillaries close the skin surface. Heat is lost from the blood that does pass close to the surface (via radiation).Vasocontriction however, allows much of the blood to pass below the fatty adipose tissue rather than close to the surface.Vasodilation is the dilation (enlargening) of the arteriole that supplies blood to the capillaries. Therefore less blood flows beneath the adipose tissue, and much more flows close the skins surface. Much more heat is lost via radiation this way.Vasoconstriction is co-ordinated via the sympathetic nervous system (stimulates effectors like the smooth muscle)Vasodilation is co-ordinated via the parasympathetic nervous system (inhibits effectors like the smooth muscle)


Why does your face turn red after coming out of cold?

When we are cold: the body keeps the heat vasoconstriction, the extremities are the first to respond (feet, hands, ears primarily through a system of glomerules neuro-vascular ..), for a long time, the center of thermal-regulation detects a drop of temperature and bad blood irrigation where vasocontriction had place; even tone muscles constricting may exhausted ... so it test -the center of thermal-regulation- to regulate the deficit by the fact that is a reverse: vasodilatation (even exaggerated) giving the red color and a loss of heat (red and hot ear), and this happens especially if the rest of the body is heated (or reheated) or if it comes into hot environment (both cases exacerbate thermolysis by the same mechanism). So everything is physiological and nothing to fear; it returns to normal over time, and it should not persist for several hours unless if someone is overheated or in rare and exceptional cases. If vasodilatation is deeper, it can occur in the intra-cranial blood vessels causing pain tete or trigger other problems like migraine ... And there are many others sure several things to say.


How to managed bleeding?

Unless your patient is on an operating table and you have special equipment, the main and best way to control bleeding is: DIRECT PRESSURE This means pressing on the area that's bleeding firmly enough to stop the blood flow until clotting and vasocontriction set in to help. Direct pressure can control almost any bleed. Bleeds that direct pressure can't control present a problem fort any method. To perform a direct pressure bleed control, take a large sponge (or whatever's handy if you're not a first responder -- a towel or blanket, etc.), and press against the part of the wound that's bleeding most freely. If you can, you may press about the point of bleeding to compress the vessels there. Don't worry if the cloth becomes saturated -- just leave it in place and cover it with another cloth, if you have one.. You can gently lift the cloth to inspect the wound, but don't remove the pressure bandage. It's better to press too hard than too lightly. For vascular bleeds (veins and arteries) you may bave to press with your fingertips. For other wounds, palms or hands work. As you're doing this, bear in mind that blood is a hazardous material. Ideally, you'll need gloves, a gown and a facemask. Do the best you can. If you don't have all that with you, improvise. Other methods that may be used on their own or in conjunction with direct pressure are: * Elevating the wound above the level of the heart -- if practical this works well.* Compressing Pressure points -- this means pressing on areas where blood vessels cross over hard processes like bones, in areas that lie between the bleeding wound and the heart. Note that, once touted as a standard method, most agencies do not use direct pressure much anymore unless direct pressure isnt' solving things. It deprives blood from other areas, and is just as hard (if not harder) to control than direct pressure.* Tourquinets. The ideal tourniquet is a flat, plaint band that can be tied between the wound and the heart, and tighted down by hand or with a windlass tie. This cmpresses all blood vessels above the wound and thus can stopt he flow of blood. Note that Tourniquets are extremely dangerous in that they can allow infected blood to pool and infect more, as well as lethally deprive tissues of much needed oxygen. The rule is, tie a tourniquet if the bleeding is so bad you're willing to sacrifice the limb. If you DO tourniquet, you shouldn't leave the patient alone, but you should not remove the tourniquet -- this will be done by the ER team. If you can't stay with the patient, you might mark their forehead with a cross or an "X" and the time you applied the tourniquet.* Other methods -- cauterization, suturing, etc. are outside the realm of First Aid.One last thought: I've Never had to tourniquet a wound. Direct Pressure can take care of almost anything. If you absolutely can't stop bleeding any other way, then follow ht cautions above -- but be sure.