By Susan McPhail Wittjen, PT, PhD The word "teleology" is derived from the Greek word "telos" that means "ends." In this theory, you would consider the ends, or the outcomes of your decision. Since this theory is concerned about the consequences of the decision, it is also referred to as consequentialist. One of the most common branches of this theory is utilitarianism, which was discussed by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill in the 19th century. A utilitarian considers an act right if it is useful in bringing about the best consequences overall. This theory can be utilized in clinical decision-making by first identifying what the dilemma entails and several alternative choices to solve it. Next you would predict what consequences would be associated with each alternative. You would then choose the solution that you believe would bring about the best possible consequence for the situation. Remember, in this theory "the means justify the ends." NEXT
Ethical theories are divisible into those about persons (ethics of character or virtue or being) and those about actions (ethics of doing)."Telos" is the Greek word for "end" or "goal." A teleological ethical theory is an ethic of doing that focuses on the ends or goals of actions; they are also called "consequentialist" theories (of which utilitarianism is an example).By way of contrast, a deontological ethical theory is an ethic of doing that focuses on some aspect of actions other than their goals or ends, for example, the intentions from which they are done.
--> --> Normative ethical systems can generally be broken down into three categories: deontological, teleological and virtue ethics. The first two are considered deontic or action-based theories of morality because they focus entirely upon the actions which a person performs. When actions are judged morally right based upon their consequences, we have teleological or consequentialist ethical theory. When actions are judged morally right based upon how well they conform to some set of duties, we have a deontological ethical theory.
advantages of teleology
Ethical formalism is a part of the deontological system because it is important determinate for judging whether an act is moral or not.
Teleological ethical theories are consequentialist in nature because they assert that the morally correct action is one that produces the greatest balance of good over bad consequences compared with alternative actions. Deontological ethical theories are nonconsequentialist and regard the rightness or wrongness of an action as intrinsic to the action itself. There, the consequences are morally irrelevant. Utilitarianism is the best-known teleological theory. Deontological theories include Kant's categorical imperative, human rights theories, and divine command theories.
Its Deontological as, the moral laws are then based from god hence theory then becomes Deontological rather than teleological!
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The branch of ethical theory that considers the origin and meaning of ethical principles is known as meta ethics.
C. whether the act results in greater good in the world
Strength is that there is evidence of design, weakness is that there is no proof there there is a designer of the world and that he is God.
Natural Law Theory
individual ethical egoism.
The deontological theory is one that suggests people should stick to their duties. Whatever their ethical duties are, they should not deviate from them at all since that is what is ethical.
The ethical formalisms' principle is to act only if the decision would be acceptable, and if it were a universal law, followed by everyone. This is a deontological system which determines whether an act is moral not its consequence. Ethical formalism is considered an absolutist system, states that if something is wrong, it is wrong all the time.
In philosophy, deontological ethical theory explains the relationship between duty and the morality of human actions. Deontology is a Greek word that focuses on logic and ethics.
rules and duty
This theory is the main proponent of Utilitarianism. This movement was based on the writings of Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill.
"Individual ethical egoists are unlikely to publicly promote their views."
Theory-based and case-based
a person utilizing the deontological ethical theory to make decisions makes the correct moral choice based on?