Ethics and Morality

Ethics is about what we should – and should not - do. It includes identification of basic principles, e.g. the prerogatives of property owners; and the application of those principles to actual situations, e.g. copyright protection of intellectual property over the Internet.

5,802 Questions
Ethics and Morality

Factors affecting ethical behavior?

1. Personality traits and attitudes

2. Moral development

3. The situation

Quran (Koran)
Ethics and Morality

What is modesty in Islam?

Usually it means the man is to control all woman and anyone else he can. Without Believing in the One and only real God; they cannot feel any of God's Love! So they are limited to feeling just each of their own LUST, for only each of their own wants. This is also what they keep wanting to be in wars so much.

Philosophy and Philosophers
Ethics and Morality

How different is human acts from acts of man?

Human acts are imputable to man so as to involve his responsibility, for the very reason that he puts them forth deliberatively and with self-determination. They are, moreover, not subject to physical laws which necessitate the agent, but to a law which lays the will under obligation without interfering with his freedom of choice. Besides, they are moral. For a moral act is one that is freely elicited with the knowledge of its conformity with or difformity from, the law of practical reason proximately and the law of God ultimately. But whenever an act is elicited with full deliberation, its relationship to the law of reason is adverted to. Hence human acts are either morally good or morally bad, and their goodness or badness is imputed to man. And as, in consequence, they are worthy of praise or blame, so man, who elicits them, is regarded as virtuous or wicked, innocent or guilty, deserving of reward or punishment. Upon the freedom of the human act, therefore, rest imputability and morality, man's moral character, his ability to pursue his ultimate end not of necessity and compulsion, but of his own will and choice; in a word, his entire dignity and preeminence in this visible universe.


Human acts- action that is guided by reasons or actions that can be limited.

example: exercise to be physically fit, etc...

Acts of man- instinctive; physiological.

example: crying, falling in love, eating, etc...

Math and Arithmetic
Ethics and Morality
Society and Civilization

What is DOUBLE standard of mentality?

Law makers, who are laso law breakers.

A thought process/action where an individual unfairly applies rules differently to others . For example, a member of the clergy who preaches morals to his or her congregation while behaving immorally.

Business Ethics
Ethics and Morality
The Difference Between

Difference between micro and macro ethics?

Macroethics is a new domain of ethics formulated by analogy with macroeconomics. Rather than addressing the rationale and effects of individual actions, it considers effects of entire social systems of morality, with particular attention to moral ironies and externalities. Most of Western ethics is micro in its approach. Aristotle addresses some macroethical issues; as do Mencius and Confucius, Aquinas and some other Catholic thinkers. Recently there are several contributions in the area, including a systematic framework for doing macroethics in Gowri's The Irony of Insurance (PhD diss, USC 1997, proposes that private insurance tends to reduce risk pooling within communities).

The world's best macroethicist is Joseph Furtenbacher, who says he wishes someone equal or better would show up so he can cut back on his 16/7 work schedule...

World War 1
Environmental Issues
Ethics and Morality

How did leadership change after World War 1?

When the countries elected new leaders for their countries, the new leaders didn't necessarily follow the rules and other things that the previous leader believed and followed.

So when new leaders came into office, they had their own thoughts and ideas about how the country should be run.

Criminal Law
Ethics and Morality
Editing and Revising

What are Examples of formalism?

Fomalism is a sociological idea when tradition becomes more important than the function of the norm.

Examples of this are the buttons on men and women's clothing. Men's tend to button left over right while women's button right over left. For men, it's because in the past they wore coats over their sword belts and it was easier for a right-handed man to be unbuttoning with his left handing while drawing his sword with his right.

For women's clothing, it's because they used to wear very difficult clothing and needed help getting in and out of it.

While neither of these activities are relevant anymore, we continue to make clothing in this way.

Religion & Spirituality
Ethics and Morality

What is the official term for religious statues?

If they are Christian statues, Christians generally call them icons. If they are non-Christian statues, Christians generally call them idols.

Ethics and Morality

The Iron Law of Responsibility says that?

Those who do not use power in a socially responsible way will eventually lose it

Ethics and Morality

What is the ethical dilemma in outsourcing?

There has always been a call on ethical outsourcing, where the companies who are gaining from a cheaper cost of labor must provide something beneficial in return, minus running another third world country sweat shop. The ethical dilemma in outsourcing is all about greed.

Literature and Language
Ethics and Morality
Genetic Cloning

Is cloning wise or ethical?

Genetic engineering is a new field of study that has impact in our society but with divided opinion in orthodoxies and liberal outlook.

Ethical practices in genetic engineering differ from moral ethics and are polar extremes in their own wisdom.

The rational aspect views the practical applications in future with increase in demand and depletion of resources finds wisdom in plant cloning & animals for food. The need to preserve extinct genera is both wise and ethical.

It is the moral wisdom that rejects cloning as unethical but that is a view of the minority who still languish in orthodoxies in a world of science.

Humor & Amusement
Ethics and Morality
Human Behavior

How do people change their selfish ways?

If you are a selfish person, you must first realize the ways in which you are selfish, and you must want to change. From there, you would need some sort of spiritual or other form of awakening. You could then start making small steps in being less selfish. You could try being generous.

From there, you would need to examine your basic attitudes about life. Here are some attitudes to eliminate since it is hard to overcome selfishness with them:

  • "It is a dog eat dog world."
  • "There are the haves and the have-nots." That just gives some permission to take.
  • "I can't say no." Ironically, a compulsion to give may make you less willing to give.
  • Having a paradigm of lack. You cannot be generous and feel you lack what you need.
  • Being generous to please others.

Keep in mind that being unselfish doesn't mean indiscriminate giving. Enabling others to be selfish is not a good way to overcome your own selfishness. With time, that could contribute to resentment and it may thwart your efforts to change.

Remember also that any habit takes at least 30 consecutive days of continuous effort to change. So you would have to make the effort to overcome selfish behaviors for a minimum of 30 days before you start automatically behaving more as you desire.
Law & Legal Issues
Oral Health and Dental Care
Dental Insurance and Financing Dental Care
Ethics and Morality

When there is a conflict between ethics and law what should you do with your patient?

That is a matter for your own conscience to decide. Unfortunately there MANY decisions in life that involve this condundrum. No one can counsel you on your own beliefs, morals, or personal code of ethics.

Ethics and Morality

Do guys go for easy girls over the girls they really like becuase they are afraid of getting hurt?

That's all up to the guy.

Ethics and Morality

What is relationship between ethics and society?

Ethics and society go hand in hand. Think about it: we would not have a society if it were not for ethics. Ethics are what MAKES a society. Ethics such as: working hard, being a good parent, having faith in your country, etc. Of course, there will always be the select people who do not have ethics; but in short, ethics makes a society.

Ethics and Morality

What do people from Slovenia look like?


Ethics and Morality

How can an expert witness protect his or her reputation?

By ensuring that the work and information they produce is of the highest standard and can stand the scrutiny of outside, independent, observers and critics.

History of the United States
Ethics and Morality

What is illegitimacy of tyranny?

It refers to the idea that tyrannical takeover of a ruling entity (whether it be a monarch, or some other body of government) is an illegitimate act.

Although, in CA state standard 10.1.2 for social sciences, I see this as contradictory because Plato and Aristotle both see government as an entity that should serve for the benefit of society, rather than for benefits of their own; and for this, I would assume that they support the idea of tyranny because it represents the people rising up against an oppressive governing body who is governing in a way contrary to a way that would best benefit society.

However, they do also touch on the idea of the people respecting the laws made by "the wise" because not all are of the same level of philosophical education, and thus not all capable of considering the effects of law with regard to the virtue of the people.

Philosophy and Philosophers
Ethics and Morality
The Difference Between

What are the ethics and morality of Islam?

Answer Aif you want to learn about ethics and morality of Islam I don't recommend that you read cropped verses unless you already know the context.

Islam is a complete system of ethics...starting with as simple as a smile that counts as charity all the way up to defending the oppressed.

Backbiting is a terrible vice in Qur'an. Murdering the peaceful is strictly prohibited in Qur'an. Women are equal to men in humanity but they have different responsibilities.

The ethical system of Islam covers everything: war, family, marriage, treating others, investments,...

Answer BYou can't sum up a whole religion in a word. However, the followings are on the top of my head:
  • Muslims respect every living thing (including plants). you get rewarded for treating animals and other creatures in a humane way and you get punished in the afterlife for not.
  • In Islam, all races are equal and no sex is better than the other. They are equal with different responsibilities but neither are oppressed or abused.
  • Muslims are ordered to respect other people's faith and believes regardless of what they are (even atheism)
  • killing is the worst crime (He who kills one person is like killing all people) that's my translation for the prophet's words in Arabic. It doesn't matter if the victim is a Muslim or not, its the worst crime EVER. Which is why those who claim to be Muslims and kill are NOT and they will be punished in the afterlife for their crimes. Even in self-defense, killing should be the last resort.
  • Respect your parents and love them even if they treat you wrong. Also respect whoever is older than you, and treat who ever is younger with mercy and kindness.
  • Help others when ever you can. They don't have to be Muslims to get the reward. Even being nice is enough to be rewarded.
  • giving to the poor is a must. 2.5% of your assets that you owned for a whole year is given to the poor annually. Its doesn't have to be a charity, a poor relative or friend is good enough. What ever you give away throughout the year is a bonus desirable reward.
  • sponsoring orphans has the greatest reward ever! the prophet said that the person who does this will be with him in heaven (and he is in the highest levels of heaven).
  • Honesty, we believe that Allah is seeing everything we do. So lying, stealing, etc.. is not only a sin, its shameful to do it when Allah is watching! just embarrassing! We also believe that there is two angles that write down every good and bad thing we do, this book would be read on judgment day in front of all humanity! its a big embarrassment to read the sins so we try not to do them!

That's all I could think of right now, and excuse my English for any grammar or spelling mistakes, its not my first language.

Answer C: In addition to the above, one may add the following:The Islam morals are not so much different than that of many religions except in minor details. All revelation of heaven-sent religions (mainly, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam) and other religions have one common objective (irrespective to faith or society issues as marriage, inheritance, etc). This common objective is to have the morals with which all mankind can live in love, peace, and harmony.

Some of the Islam morals are:

  • No Sex without marriage Prostitution are prohibited
  • Killing intentionally and with no legal authority is forbidden
  • Robbery, cheating, breaking promise, laying, and dis-modesty are prohibited
  • Intoxicants (as Alcohols and drugs) and gambling are prohibited.
  • Islam has made it obligatory on Muslims to cover their private parts, which everyone naturally feels a sense of shame at exposing, especially on beaches
  • Islam prohibits women to wear clothes which fail to cover fully body, including head and hair except face and hands, in front of other men who are not their spouse or direct family. the cloth should not be transparent, revealing what is underneath. It is likewise prohibited to wear tightly fitting clothes which delineate the parts of the body. Face and hands are allowed to remain uncovered.
  • forbidden to eat the flesh of dead animals and blood and the flesh of swine.
  • The following also are prohibited:
    • Treating the parents, especially when getting old, without tender and without enough respect and care.
    • Mistreating wives and children
    • Cruelty in treating animals
    • Cutting trees without justification and spoiling water of rivers and springs
    • terrifying innocents and civilians
    • hate against other cultures and/or religion

The above are some of the morals that came to my mind. Refer to the relevant question below for more information.

The Islam morals are not so much different than that of many religions except in minor details. All revelation of heaven-sent religions (mainly, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam) and other regions have one common objective (irrespective to faith or society issues as marriage, inheritance, etc). This common objective is to have the morals with which all mankind can live in love, peace, and harmony.

Some of the Islam morals are:

  • No Sex without marriage Prostitution are prohibited
  • Killing intentionally and with no legal authority is forbidden
  • Robbery, cheating, breaking promise, laying, and dis-modesty are prohibited
  • Intoxicants (as Alcohols and drugs) and gambling are prohibited.
  • Islam has made it obligatory on Muslims to cover their private parts, which everyone naturally feels a sense of shame at exposing, especially on beaches
  • Islam prohibits women to wear clothes which fail to cover fully body, including head and hair except face and hands, in front of men who are not their spouse or direct family. the cloth should not be transparent, revealing what is underneath. It is likewise prohibited to wear tightly fitting clothes which delineate the parts of the body. Face and hands are allowed to remain uncovered.
  • forbidden to eat the flesh of dead animals and blood and the flesh of swine.
  • The following also are prohibited:
    • Treating the parents, especially when getting old, without tender and without enough respect and care.
    • Mistreating wives and children
    • Cruelty in treating animals
    • Cutting trees without justification and spoiling water of rivers and springs
    • terrifying innocents and civilians
    • hate against other cultures and/or religion

The above are some of the morals that came to my mind.

The answer is comprehensive. If somebody wants to know more about Islam and its teachings, he should meet a Muslim scholar and spend a few weeks with him to learn Islam. You may refer to related questions below for more details.

US in WW2
Philosophy and Philosophers
Ethics and Morality

What or who determines ethics or morality?

A system built up generation by generation that states which courses of action will best preserve the hapieness and safety of the people ethics however can change depending on the opinions of a people or a government

Ethics and Morality

Who controls communication ethics?


Philosophy and Philosophers
Ethics and Morality
Human Behavior

Is man by nature good or evil?

  • There is no such thing as evil or good, unless there is a standard.
  • Man is what he chooses to be. Enough said.
  • In the eyes of the Lord there are no shaded areas of being good or evil. Man cannot hide in the gloaming or at dusk and say that one is "Mostly" good or evil and return to the light as a fence sitter. Either one is good or one is evil, as explained there are no shades in the eyes of God. No one can live in His presence if he is so soiled. They are spiritually dead. When we stand before the judgment bar of God it will be impossible for us to lie in His presence. To answer "mostly" will not be accepted, our answer will have to be yes or no. One tiny spot of oil will quickly spread across the surface of a bowl of pure water which becomes contaminated and is only to be cast out.
  • Alfie Kohn has researched this and written an in-depth book based on peer reviewed papers called ' The Brighter Side of Human Nature'. The short answer is that it's the wrong question, but saying that humans are *mostly* good although we can all do (lesser or greater) bad things depending on the environment and situation is a start. The book is a great read, although not exactly light, and has many surprising research results.
  • Jesus said that, "Only God is good," meaning He is the only One who is inherently good (just, loving, mature, fair, etc..), inferring we are not. He also points out that we are loved by our Father in Heaven more dearly than we could ever possibly know; again, inferring we have God's favor, love, grace, mercy, etc. etc. If God is good, could He love anyone or anything that is evil? The answer is NO. Anything evil cannot be sanctioned by a Holy God. Therefore, we are neither good nor evil. We are humans who inherited the fallen natures of our first human father and mother, Adam and Eve. We can also be children of God, by way of the cross. Through the choices Adam and Eve made their once innocent nature became "savvy" to the knowledge of good and evil. Then with that knowledge they listened to the voice of evil and made the wrong choice, doing something God forbade them to do. Thus in God's eyes, they "fell." Spiritual DNA is as real as natural DNA. This is why the Lord is so patient and merciful towards us - we got stuck, if you will, with a "fallen nature" not an evil one. This is why, as you may have heard, Jesus called the understanding of his sacrifice "The Good News." His paying our price is really, really good news! God created man because He wanted a family. When Adam and Eve sinned they paved the way for God to give us the Law, so we would know what was good and evil from His standards. Unfortunately, as God already knew, no one could keep all the Law, so He sent Christ to sacrifice himself for us on the cross. Jesus paid the price the Law required for sin. Through his sacrifice, we can CHOOSE to accept the price he paid for our individual sins (or evil choices, acts, thoughts, etc.) thus being forgiven and "saved" from the results of breaking God's Law - conditional upon our choosing to accept this forgiveness. This does not give us license to sin, but does give us a way by which we can be forgiven, daily, if necessary. It is futile to try to "get away" with something as God sees our hearts and knows very well those who truly love Him, and those who are giving Him lip service. Sadly, there are many who call themselves "followers of Christ" (or Christians) who by way of pride, malicious intentions, laziness and denial do not live a repetitive lifestyle, meaning they do not allow the Lord to bring change to their lives. This is why so many look at Christians and say they are fools, liars, and phonies. Again, it all comes back to the individual choice of one's will. Sadly, the world judges God by those who call themselves His people, and when they see evil in them, they either decide God is not real, or God just doesn't care. How terribly sad for them. This grieves God's heart in a way that is unimaginable to us. One thing you can count on; God will NEVER cross a person's free will to choose. If you want to do evil, He will let you do evil. If you want to do good, He will let you do good. He will never interfere with your free will to choose. This is because He wants children, family, who CHOOSE to love Him, therefore setting themselves on the path towards righteousness. He did not desire robots who had no choice but to love Him, and love what He loves. He, like us, wants love that is freely given, not forced. Many people ask the question, "How could God let this happen?" AND that question has proven hard to answer! If you understand that God gave us a free will to choose, and that He will not override your free will choices, then you understand that what we grieve over when we say "How could God let this happen?" is the wrong question. We should ask, "How could WE let this happen?" Before he departed for Heaven, Jesus told us, "What you bind on earth, I will bind in Heaven, and what you loose on earth, I will loose in Heaven." These are extremely important words to understand. The short version is Jesus was telling us that because we are now redeemed, we have been given the responsibility to steward the earth once again. Stewarding doesn't just mean being a "good person" and trying not to hurt anyone. Stewarding means "managing" and we are to manage the evil in the earth primarily through prayer, also in doing good works, copying the life and works of Jesus and so on. If we fail to pray for the defeat of evil, daily, then by omission (shirking responsibility) we allow evil the room to operate. Most people don't believe "their little prayers" will make that much difference. But the Lord said if one person can put a thousand to flight (evil spirits, or evil acts by evil people) then two can put ten thousand to flight. If two people praying to bind evil on earth can stop ten thousand evil acts, can you imagine how many evil acts could be stopped by a thousand people faithful to pray every day? How about ten or one hundred thousand people praying? A million? Another way to look at it is if there weren't some people somewhere praying, how many other evil acts would befall mankind that didn't because someone(s) was faithful to pray? Going back to your original question: "Is man by nature evil or good?" it's important to remember to include the free will of man to create, choose, perform acts and pass on influence. Perhaps the question should read, "Does man have the ability to be evil or good?" The answer to that question is obviously "Yes!" But it's important to train your mind to understand good and evil are forces, not natures. Let me leave you with this thought: "The spirit realm has two forces. One is good and one is evil. These two forces are opposite and have authority, mostly given to them by our choices. These forces also possess substance, which occupies space and time, and can be perceived by your spirit senses; Power, which is the capacity to exert strength; And Influence, which is the ability to have an effect or impact. "On the positive side there is faith, divine authority and virtue. On the negative side there is doubt, corruption and defiance. Faith and doubt are both substances. Authority and defiance wield power. The strength of faith releases a beneficial influence, and the strength of doubt releases a detrimental influence. OUR WILLS shall choose which force we align ourselves with." This quote comes from a book I'm writing called "Meletio-The Prayer of Listening." Meletio in Greek, simply means: to meditate. If you want to know the truth concerning mankind's nature, I suggest you meditate on your own nature while seeking God with ears willing to hear and eyes will to see - along with a heart and mind desiring only that which is true, holy and good. God bless you in your trek to go higher!
  • Each and Every Creature is a Divine Being descended from The Supreme Being (Allah or God or Zeus or Odin or Ra or Rama or The Sender of Children or The Great Spirit or a ZILLION other names for The Supreme Being). Since The Supreme Being is the most Good Being over ALL Creation and since ALL other Beings, Child Beings, are directly related to The Supreme Being, then within each and every Child Being, there is the POTENTIAL to BE "Good" and/or "Evil" to some maximum or minimum extent, and be rewarded or suffer consequences of "Good" and/or "Evil" according to the '''Laws of Nature''' established by The Supreme Being and Higher Beings (Who are, in fact, our Elder Sister and/or Brother Beings), Family Beings. It is possible that none of us Child Beings will ever be as Good as God but we can always try to be as "Good" as possible and hopefully be rewarded by God and, in the fullness of Time (Infinity), re-unite with God, our Eternal, Everlasting Common Parent, sometimes referred to as '''Mother Father God'''. (Not just "Father God" as some patriarchal religions imply, but '''Mother Father God'''.) (Read "Man" as being just one of the '''INFINITE''' number of life-forms living as Divine Child Beings in the '''INFINITY of Creation''' in the above.)
  • According to something I remember in my World History class man is evil by nature.
  • I believe man is no more good or evil than a dog or horse or tree is good or evil. Man is a creature of this earth, blessed with astonishing faculties that allow him to choose to behave well or badly. I hesitate to ascribe terms like good or evil to actions or people. We are beings of nature, whether you believe in God or not. Man is naturally depraved. It is the moving of the Holy spirit that makes him righteous. Yes, everything is black or white. there are absolutes. You are of the world or you aren't. the road is narrow not wide. the first will be last and the last will be first. Eyes are blind to the truth that don't know Christ.
  • Logic 101 .. If God is All-Good, and if God is absolute, then; we as His creation are also good.
  • (NON RELIGIOUS VIEW) I watched a program on mothers who kill their children, its always so simple for humans to judge that as "evil", and they go to prison, put to death etc simple as that, but mental illness, depression-which the mothers in the programme all suffered, trauma, and even physical problems like a brain tumor can cause this reaction in any person (studies have been done on this on some serial killers and a lot of them showed brain tumor, cysts etc in the area of the brain that affects the certain actions they did, IE the moral and 'civilized' part and childhood trauma was found in almost if not all, and mental illness found). Is this really what we define as evil? A person who has a brain tumor, a person suffering post natal, or any other depression, a person who has had too many problems and had a breakdown? a person with a mental illness? I think we try to define evil as someone who does things to hurt people on purpose, and who is not usually sorry, but we don't add in the reasons they could be doing it and in one of the cases on TV the depression suffered was thrown out of court (how is that fair and unbiased judgment if the jury don't get to acknowledge that she is NOT just 'evil' she was in fact ILL and with medication probably would never do it again ) and it seems to me its always easy and less scary for the jury and everyone else in society to see these people as evil because the possibility that they may get depression and suffer trauma may mean they could be capable of something defined or described as 'evil' too and no-one wants to think that of themselves so, they are defined as evil to set them apart from the rest of us, 'they did it because they are not like us'. We are not like them we could never be like them, because we are not evil etc. I don't think all people who do these things are suffering something physical or mental, but I do believe a lot of the proportion of them should be looked at properly, fairly and thoroughly and with the thought of illness always in mind. Humans, are animals, we just took ourselves out of the wild and created 'civilized society'. The concept of whats 'good' and whats' evil' is our own human made concept which we judge ourselves and, even other animals by. Man by nature is wild, an animal, and animals are neither good or evil they are just animals in the wild that's acceptable but in civilized society its not. It's just not that simple. You cant just take the animal out of us, its there it will probably always be there. All we can do is try to live our lives by the rules we created for ourselves and be 'civilized' much as we can to live in this society and hope that along the way nothing happens to us that may have us judged as evil because of something it made us do.
  • There are no good or evil people in the world. People however do make choices that are good or evil. A person therefore makes a choice to engage in activities that are considered good or evil. The choices people make are usually dependent on the psychological conditioning they are exposed to, from the moment of fetal conception, to the point of completion of their social/cultural programming. This social/cultural programming is similar to the programming of a computer's processor with data that is considered to be factual. The computer then compares all incoming data against its programmed intelligence, in order to generate a conclusion. Similarly the human intellect processes incoming data based on the morals/values they have been conditioned with. Some of these morals/values are inherited from genetic sources and the others are learned from the environment to which the absorptive mind is exposed.
  • First of all there is none that do good, No, not one! Which means ALL HAVE SINNED AND FALLEN SHORT OF THE GLORY OF GOD. You claim to be "good" yet you do evil by nature. It takes more effort to do good to others than to do what is natural to humans, which is evil. Selfishness is evil. Lying is evil. Stealing is evil! To God we are evil and there is no good that we can do apart from God's re creative nature through the Christ, his son. So, to say that man is inherently good, just look at a two or three year old and show me how good their nature really is. One does not have to teach a child to lie. This is inherited. One does not have to teach a child to be selfish. Selfishness is inherited. Man may desire to be good but their goodness is as filthy rags in sight of a Holy God, perfect without spot or wrinkle. Some people find Christianity unacceptable. Humans do selfish things, but they also do a lot of good things and the nature of evil is not as simple as Christians and Jesus make it out to be. Selfishness is not inherently evil ... it's evil when it is carried out toward evil acts such as acts of greed, hatred, etc., but when one gets something to eat while others have no food, it is by definition a selfish act, but not evil without something else in context. On the other hand, acts that are "good" can be evil in certain circumstances. Say a person keeps the Sabbath, which is generally good. Suppose that a person sees someone lying near death on the side of the road; one could give the man a ride to the hospital in their car, but that would be "in violation of the Sabbath." However, to decline to drive the man to the hospital is evil, even if it's done in furtherance of a "good" act. A person can hold hostility (whether it is your words, or the words of Jesus, or the words of Paul) clearly have a lot of anger and disdain for humanity and yet humanity was created in the image of God. Which makes Jesus, Paul, and by extension, an individual who hates God, which is unacceptable. What hope is there in Christianity? What is to make someone want to change, want to improve, when they are told that they are equally filthy, horrible, and evil in the sight of "God," whether they run a soup kitchen for the homeless, or torture women and children for sport? What a depressing religion.
  • Neither, some follow the devil from the beginning or turn that way, some follow God from the beginning or turn that way. Remember though that Jesus said "Why do you call me good? There is only one who is good." He meant his Father and our Father. By nature he is neither one. We are born of innocence. From that moment on everything we see, touch, taste, hear and smell help to guide us throughout our years. Good and evil are two of the stronger variables that tend to influence us the most and is not innate. One's nature is not predestined, we use our senses to tell us what is good and/or bad thereby using our own judgment to determine our own outcome of our own nature. We are the sum total of how we have lived and learned.
  • Jewish perspective .. The Jewish perspective on good and evil is different from the Christian perspective in a number of ways, which I'll summarize. Contrary to the Christian interpretation, Adam and Eve's taking of the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil is not intended to suggest that mankind is inherently sinful, wicked, or damned. The difference between good acts, evil acts, and neutral acts is dependent on one's relation to God. The Talmud speaks of yetzer ha-tov (the inclination toward good) and yetzer ha-ra (inclination toward "bad") as inherent qualities in human choice. Inclination toward "bad" is not bad in and of itself - it's somewhat analogous to Freud's idea of the id. Without the inclination toward "bad" (or basic self-interest), we would not feel compelled to eat, drink, build, create, work, or engage in sex. The defining characteristic of acts inclined toward evil is that without control of one's urges and appetites (through knowledge and adherence to God's will), one can easily cross over from what is good (self-preservation, self-care and basic happiness) to what is evil (gluttony, greed, pride, promiscuity, envy, etc.) Inclination toward good is the characteristic of works done in accordance with God's will, that bring one in a closer relationship to God. There's a famous story in Jewish lore, in which a non-Jewish man approaches the Jewish scholar Hillel and says "I will convert on one condition: that you teach me the whole Torah in the time that I can stand on one leg." Hillel thinks for a second, and replies "The essence of the Torah is this: 'That which is hateful to you, do not commit against your neighbor.' The rest is commentary; go and study!" The questioner, surprisingly satisfied with Hillel's answer, commits to converting, and becomes a good Jew and Torah scholar. So, in essence, the definition of "good" from the Jewish perspective is that a Jew studies Torah in light of its central thesis and acts accordingly. It should be noted that what is expected of Jews by God is not the same as what is expected of gentiles. In order to be righteous as a Gentile, one must only adhere to the seven laws given to Noah and his sons; anyone may convert to Judaism, but such conversion requires careful consideration of the fact that Jews have many more requirements to conform to God's will, through a lifetime of study and acceptance of Jewish law. (for example, there's nothing inherently bad about eating pork, except that as Jews we are told not to eat it. Therefore it could be good for the gentile to eat pork, but it is not good for the Jew to do the same).
  • Man's basically good but can do evil things if he chooses to.
  • We are born into this world to receive a body to learn and experience and manifest our goodness regardless of the joining of the spirit and body; and the drives it created in us. We chose to be born into freedom and to be on the side of Jesus Christ not Satan. Whom believes in us and our strength. We all must want to do good or heaven couldn't exist. Heaven can not exist under force.Here we can experience truer truth and become more valuable to each other. We are equipped with our 5 senses,and with spirit and mind (the still small voice is with us all; to move us to good, by the spirit)we are tried and we experience by our free choices and rewards be it good or bad. We act and react; the effect of being who we are from whence we came. Grace and principle gives opportunity to grow in this dispensation. We are either seeking opportunity in goodness or in evil. We suffer the evil here and make choices. The truth for one can also turn into a truer truth at any moment. The truth is different for one individual compared to another. We are laying the bricks for our own path. Desires will bring more of what is sought. We learn from all trials and examples; which are assets to growth. Hence it's all good. Experiences and examples bring us closer to the true desire of our hearts with time.
  • Man was born good, we where made to survive, we are here to find answers and most importantly ask questions. We survive, and as surviving got easier, we CREATED EVIL. Man is a term used loosely in the Bible. Man means humans in general. Man is created without an "evil" or "good" urge. The path is laid out before us. However, we were created with a void that only GOD could fill. We are influenced by our surroundings. If you're born in a family that loves music, then you are probably going to grow up with music and love it as well. If you grew up in a Christian family, you might very well be Christian. Your environment determines the type of person you are, but don't let a bad environment extinguish your love and devotion for GOD. He is the creator and me are merely masterful creations. GOD appointed us lord over the creatures of the land and sea and the masters of the fowl of the air. We are different from them that we may love, cherish each other, expand our horizons, and know GOD on an intimate level. GOD is the root of all life. He is the Gardener. If a branch proves unyielding, he cuts it off. If a branch yields fruit, he nurtures it more tenderly than a mother her child. The love of a mother to a child is still nothing compared to the vast love and tenderness of GOD. His grace is vast, his arms comforting, and his mercy none can fathom.
  • Man is born evil because of you think about it does anyone need to teach a child to lie? do you need to be taught how to look at another person lustfully?
  • There is no true good and evil, only neutralizing. Man is the protector and Hunter, while Woman is the nurturer and Warrior.
  • In Eastern Philosophy, man is believed to be inherently good. But this goodness, in due time are obscured by envy, hate, prejudice, covetousness and the likes. Once this obscuration are understood and eliminated, we then revert back to our inherent goodness. All this are achievable without any intervention from deities.
  • Man was born into sin. They aren't free of those sins until they repent and confess them to Jesus Christ (which he will freely forgive anyone who askes and are serous about it). Man is evil by nature. If you need proof, ask yourself this: Did you learn how to lie? Did you learn how to cheat? Did you learn how to steal? If you answered no, then ask yourself this: Did you learn how to breath? No, see, breathing just comes naturally, just like evil and sinning comes naturally to us. God bless. Jer 17:9 The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it? Mat 7:11 Therefore, if you, being evil, know to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in Heaven give good things to those that ask Him?
  • It's all down to opinion really. Non-religious people don't believe in evil which is odd if you ask me because I think evil is not a uniquely theist idea. I believe that humans are evil because I have seen it many times and there are textbooks of historical evidence to support this. But, man built the Pyramids! Isn't that a wonderful achievement of humanity? My Response: No. It took 40 years of SLAVE labour. It was a triumph of cruelty more than anything else. But, man can go into space! My response: Why did it take 4600 years to get there? If man was making intelligent calculations rather than fighting would it not have occurred far sooner? Man discovered the Theory of Evolution! My response: Does the Theory actually improve anything? Pasteurization keeps milk clean, medicine can cure sickness but what can a Theory that cannot be put in to practice actually do besides create debate? I can think of many examples and I conclude with both the Bible and Origin recognize it is in man's nature to kill and further oneself at the expense of others.
  • According to God's Word in the Bible, not my opinion, man was originally created good, but now, man is by nature a sinner. Romans 3:10 "As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:" Romans 3:23 "For all have sinned and come short of the glory of God." When God originally created Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, they were good. Genesis 1:31 says that God called everything that He had made "very good" But then both Adam and Eve sinned. When they did that, something happened. They became mortal sinners because of what they did, but then every child they ever had would inherit their sin nature and one day die because of the children's own sin. See Romans 5:12 "Wherefore, as by one man (Adam) sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:" Also look at Jeremiah 17:9, Psalm 14:2-3, Romans 3:9-12, Isaiah 53:6, Romans 7:18. To see the remedy for having a sin nature, go to the question "Is god going to let you into haven?"
  • Man is neither good nor evil, these are human value judgments, and fundamentally based on the subjective evaluation of good and bad or I like, I do not like. There is nothing in the physical world that has meaning in the absence of a subject/consciousness. So, only in relation to consciousness/living subject does anything have meaning, thus meaning is applied to the world of object by a conscious subject. An old Buddhist master holding up a flower asks his pupils, " What is the meaning of a flower? The students fall silent for time. Then one pupil at the back indicates he knows what the master means, what the master meant was, the flower has no meaning, it just is. Nothing in and of itself has meaning, meaning arises as the result of a relation/relationship, it is the relation between an object and a subject and all meaning is the property of the subject, the object in and of itself has no meaning. So there is no good or evil, both of these things are meanings, and as we already understand the world as object has no meaning of its own, it is the value judgment of a subject that is meaning.
  • The biological aspect of goodness is the propagation of its own kind while evil would explain the Darwinian hypothesis for the survival of the fittest to subdue the weak to survive.This is extended in the sociological formation of communities who identify themselves as distinct from others and with the advent of civilizations many have perished in face of the evil of the other.
  • Man is an animal born in nature and like all animals has innate faculty to goodness for its own kind.However in its weakness it becomes evil as an instinct for survival.The psychosis of fear to palisade in security becomes the evil to subdue or goodness in surrender.
  • Humans however live in fear of the Divine and strive to be good in his emotional state of virtues imbibed in beliefs of his religion.
  • Humans in his conflict between his emotions and rationality then makes choice between goodness and evil either in his weakness,his strength or his ego to subdue others.
  • The question emplies good and evil existed before man for him to be either one of them upon his creation. I'm sure it's been said but, good and evil are just categories man has created and he has the capability to perform actions he would put in either catagory. Environment shapes the character of humans more than anything else.
  • Most philosphers would say that its more accurate to say that some people do good things and some people do evil things rather than the people being inherently good or evil.
  • Neither. I believe they become good or evil by their experiences in life
  • Good and bad are both very human things. whatever you choose.
Another Answer- Man is not "Good or Evil". He was created perfect, afterwards God looked at all his creation and saw that it was "Good". (Genesis 1:25) .Because of Adam and Eve's disobediance to God, they lost that perfection . Mankind was therefore born Imperfect with Sinful inclinations..So man does have a capacity to do evil things, if this is left unchecked.Murders,Rapes and violence are extreme examples of what happens when people allow wrong desires to dictate their actions.However many sincere people have engaged in evil acts due to ignorance, as did the Apostle Paul(Acts 9:1,2-----1Timothy 1:13)

God's Word tells us: "And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only EVIL continually." (Gen.6:5)

Of course, man doesn't see himself that way; subsequently, the answer is: "Man by nature is EVIL, but he likes to THINK he's GOOD."

Quran (Koran)
Ethics and Morality

What is patience in Quran?

Muslims are persuaded in Islam, per Quran Guides and prophet Muhammad teachings, to be patient. They were promised to rewarded by God (Allah in Arabic) on their patience on the Day of Judgment.

Patience in Islam is called for basically in:

  • obeying God by refraining yourself from doing what you are forbidden to do

  • performing ritual worships correctly, mindly, deliberately and with sincerity.

  • feeling content and thankful to God in time of hardship and what is befalling to you

  • forgiving others for the wrongs and harm they made to you and instead you doing good to them

  • remiaining stationed and sitting firmly against your enemy in time of fighting.

The words Patience صبر is mentioned in Quran 73 times in 69 verses. Examples are:


يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اسْتَعِينُوا بِالصَّبْرِ وَالصَّلَاةِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ مَعَ الصَّابِرِينَ ﴿١٥٣﴾

Meaning English translation:

{O you who have believed, seek help through patience and prayer. Indeed, Allah is with the patient. (153) } [Quran, chapter 2, verse 153]


وَلَمَّا بَرَزُوا لِجَالُوتَ وَجُنُودِهِ قَالُوا رَبَّنَا أَفْرِغْ عَلَيْنَا صَبْرًا وَثَبِّتْ أَقْدَامَنَا وَانصُرْنَا عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِينَ ﴿٢٥٠﴾

{And when they went forth to [face] Goliath and his soldiers, they said, "Our Lord, pour upon us patience and plant firmly our feet and give us victory over the disbelieving people." (250) } [Quran, chapter 2, verse 250]


يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اصْبِرُوا وَصَابِرُوا وَرَابِطُوا وَاتَّقُوا اللَّـهَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ ﴿٢٠٠﴾

{ O you who have believed, persevere and endure and remain stationed and fear Allah that you may be successful. (200) } [Quran, chapter3, verse 200}


وَجَاءُوا عَلَىٰ قَمِيصِهِ بِدَمٍ كَذِبٍ ۚ قَالَ بَلْ سَوَّلَتْ لَكُمْ أَنفُسُكُمْ أَمْرًا ۖ فَصَبْرٌ جَمِيلٌ ۖ وَاللَّـهُ الْمُسْتَعَانُ عَلَىٰ مَا تَصِفُونَ ﴿١٨﴾

{And they brought upon his shirt false blood. [Jacob] said, "Rather, your souls have enticed you to something, so patience is most fitting. And Allah is the one sought for help against that which you describe." (18)} [Quran, chapter 12, verse 18]


وَالَّذِينَ صَبَرُوا ابْتِغَاءَ وَجْهِ رَبِّهِمْ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَنفَقُوا مِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ سِرًّا وَعَلَانِيَةً وَيَدْرَءُونَ بِالْحَسَنَةِ السَّيِّئَةَ أُولَـٰئِكَ لَهُمْ عُقْبَى الدَّارِ ﴿٢٢﴾

{And those who are patient, seeking the countenance of their Lord, and establish prayer and spend from what We have provided for them secretly and publicly and prevent evil with good - those will have the good consequence of [this] home - (22) }

[Quran, chapter 13, verse 22]


وَمَا لَنَا أَلَّا نَتَوَكَّلَ عَلَى اللَّـهِ وَقَدْ هَدَانَا سُبُلَنَا ۚ وَلَنَصْبِرَنَّ عَلَىٰ مَا آذَيْتُمُونَا ۚ وَعَلَى اللَّـهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُتَوَكِّلُونَ ﴿١٢﴾

{And why should we not rely upon Allah while He has guided us to our [good] ways. And we will surely be patient against whatever harm you should cause us. And upon Allah let those who would rely [indeed] rely." (12)}

[Quran, chapter 14 ,verse 12]


وَإِنْ عَاقَبْتُمْ فَعَاقِبُوا بِمِثْلِ مَا عُوقِبْتُم بِهِ ۖ وَلَئِن صَبَرْتُمْ لَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لِّلصَّابِرِينَ ﴿١٢٦﴾

{And if you punish [an enemy, O believers], punish with an equivalent of that with which you were harmed. But if you are patient - it is better for those who are patient. (126)} [Quran, chapter 16, verse 126]


يَا بُنَيَّ أَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ وَأْمُرْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَانْهَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَاصْبِرْ عَلَىٰ مَا أَصَابَكَ ۖ إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ مِنْ عَزْمِ الْأُمُورِ ﴿١٧﴾ وَلَا تُصَعِّرْ خَدَّكَ لِلنَّاسِ وَلَا تَمْشِ فِي الْأَرْضِ مَرَحًا ۖ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ لَا يُحِبُّ كُلَّ مُخْتَالٍ فَخُورٍ ﴿١٨﴾

{O my son, establish prayer, enjoin what is right, forbid what is wrong, and be patient over what befalls you. Indeed, [all] that is of the matters [requiring] determination. (17) And do not turn your cheek [in contempt] toward people and do not walk through the earth exultantly. Indeed, Allah does not like everyone self-deluded and boastful. (18)} [Quran, chapter 31, verses 17-18]


وَلَا تَسْتَوِي الْحَسَنَةُ وَلَا السَّيِّئَةُ ۚ ادْفَعْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ فَإِذَا الَّذِي بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَهُ عَدَاوَةٌ كَأَنَّهُ وَلِيٌّ حَمِيمٌ ﴿٣٤﴾ وَمَا يُلَقَّاهَا إِلَّا الَّذِينَ صَبَرُوا وَمَا يُلَقَّاهَا إِلَّا ذُو حَظٍّ عَظِيمٍ ﴿٣٥﴾

{And not equal are the good deed and the bad. Repel [evil] by that [deed] which is better; and thereupon the one whom between you and him is enmity [will become] as though he was a devoted friend. (34) But none is granted it except those who are patient, and none is granted it except one having a great portion [of good]. (35) } {Quran, chapter 41, verses 34-35]


{قُلْ يَا عِبَادِ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمْ لِلَّذِينَ أَحْسَنُوا فِي هَذِهِ الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةٌ وَأَرْضُ اللَّهِ وَاسِعَةٌإِنَّمَا يُوَفَّى الصَّابِرُونَ أَجْرَهُم بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ}.{Say: "O ye my servants who believe! Fear your Lord, good is (the reward) for those who do good in this world. Spacious is Allah.s earth! those who patiently persevere will truly receive a reward without measure!" }

[Quran, chapter 39, verse 10]

Ethics and Morality

What ethical issues were raised in the study by bandura?

He basically affected children's behaviour in a way that could affect them for the rest of their lives, by exposing them to aggressive models and non aggressive models, this is seen as the main ethical issue

Religion & Spirituality
Ethics and Morality
Absolutism (Political)

Why is absolutism a helpful rule?

A:Absolutism is a moral stance that is a helpful rule to some, because it entirely removes the need to make moral decisions. The basic premise of unqualified absolutism is that all moral conflicts are only apparent; they are not real. Sin is always avoidable. There are moral absolutes that admit of no exceptions and these never come into conflict with one another. Lying to ward off rape, or even to save a life, is strictly forbidden by unqualified absolutism, for one's choice is really between the permission of another's sin or the commission of his own sin. It is the other person's business if he wishes to sin and go to hell, so one should never commit a sin to prevent evil. Augustine was an early proponent of unqualified absolutism, although in later life he found ways for himself to work around what he taught.

Conflicting absolutism is essentially the same, but assumes that if we commit a sin to avoid a greater evil, we can ask God for forgiveness afterwards. This is a helpful rule because it gives us all the flexibility of a non-absolutist position, while holding to absolutist values, and then seeking forgiveness. At the extreme, it is closer to dissembling than to a moral position.


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