What is a typical textile abrasion resistance?
ASTM D 123 describes as follows
Abrasion, n---the wearing away of any part of a material by rubbing against another surface.
ASTM also has prescribed several methods to quantify abrasion resistance of textile materials these tests are
ASTM D 4966 -- 98 Standard Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Martindale Abrasion Tester Method) ASTM D 3884 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Rotary Platform, Double-Head Method)3 ASTM D 3885 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Flexing and Abrasion Method)3 ASTM D 3886 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Inflated Diaphragm Method)3 ASTM D 4157 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Oscillatory Cylinder Method)3 ASTM D 4158 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Uniform Abrasion Method)3 AATCC Test Method 93 Abrasion Resistance of Fabrics: Accelerator Method4 In All of the above materials the tested specimen is rubbed is a particular manner against an abradent which may be a fabric, or a emery sheet or like for either a certain amount of time for for a certain number of strokes or cycles.
At the end of the testing period , any change that may occur to the tested specimen normally 3 types of changes are looked for
1. Mass Loss
2. Color Change
3. Hole formation or yarn breakage
The Earlier these changes occur the poorer the resistance to abrasion.
Factors loke thickness of fabric, piles, any pretreatment to reduce or increace surface friction , etc all have a profound effect on the Abrasion resistance.
In real life, trousers in case of apparel and Upholstery are subject to more abrasion than fabrics used in any other domestic use. In case of fabrics used for industrial application like belts etc are required to have very high abrasion resistance.
ASTM International Book of Standards Volume 7.01 and 7.02
AATCC Technical Manual - 2009
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Answer . Scratch hardness is generally measured on the Mohs Scale of mineral hardness from 1 (talc) to 10 (diamond). One thing to keep in mind is that the Mohs Scale is pu…rely ordinal, resulting in variable differences between each level. The actual tool used to measure scratch hardness is a Sclerometer.
hardness is a minerals resistance to scratching and abrasion
Hardness... and hardness is defined by the Mohs scale. Diamond is the hardest substance scoring a 10 on the mohs scale. Talc is a 1
abrasion resistance is the resistance in abrasion
Partly yes, although Abrasion Index is specific to the mineral's effect on crushing and grinding equipment; more specifically to the consumable metal parts involved (cones, li…ners, balls/rods, etc.). It is a factor used to determine the effective rate of wear of the aforementioned consumables.
A mineral's resistance to abrasion is better known as hardness. Theease or difficulty of one mineral scratching another is determinedby the Mohs' Relative Hardness Scale.
It should be minimum 10 according to ASTM C 503.
Skin is made up of 2 distinct principle layers called the dermis and the epidermis. The epidermis is much thinner than the dermis and it is this layer that has contact with th…e air. The epidermis itself is made up of a number of different layers, called strata, of which there is the strata corneum, the spinosum, the basale, the granulosum and the stratum lucidum. The very outer layer of the epidermis is the strata corneum, and is composed of between 25 to 30 rows of flat, dead cells which are filled with keratin, which is any class of fibrous protein molecule. Keratin is extremely resisitant to water and chemicals, and it is this inherent property that gives skin the same protective traits. Where areas of the body are subjected to high levels of friction, such as the hands and the soles of the feet, the epidermis has evolved to be much thicker compared with the remaining majority of the skin. Friction, or abrasion, causes the formation of callus, an extra thickening of the epidermis. This is the bodies natural defence mechanism to combat frictional forces. Without it, the epidermis would be eroded away at these frictional points, exposing the softer more vulnerable under tissues to all the foreign substances and organisms that exist outside the body.
Several factors influence the abrasive qualities of a concrete surface. Mix design, exposure conditions, placement and finishing regimens are foremost. For instance a broom fi…nish offers more skid resistance however it will demonstrate wear much quicker than a steel troweled finish will. Whatever these conditions are should be tested if the abrasion qualities are a real concern. ASTM C-672 Scaling resistance and ASTM C-31 Compressive Strength are the two test that are all telling as to what you can expect. Can be very important! Concrete Dusting is a problem in areas where electronics attract silica dust from abraded concrete surfaces, causing problems with the electronics. Use of a product called "StableCrete" is a way to stop dusting and improve compressive strength of a concrete. This material penetrates into a concrete and forms a solid inside the capillary system of concrete making it more dense. It also waterproofs and gives acid resistance to the concrete.
In Fabrics (Cloth Textiles)
About one-third of all textile bag mills had at least 20 employees. Less than 30 had more than 100 employees. One of our biggest textile bag factory has over 1000 workers, t…he smallest one has only around 30 workers. The cost or prices are also various different between factories. So choosing big or small manufacturer, it is totally depend on your requirement or order quantity. You can find more information on bagmakerchina.com.
In Metal and Alloys
Abrasion resistant steel plates are plates, which have a high strength and hardness, exhibiting strong resistance to wear and tear. The hardness of the plates is measured in t…erm of brinell hardness. Abrasion resistant steel plates come in various hardness such as 400HB, 450HB, 500HB and 600HB. For more information on abrasion resistant steel plates, please feel free to visit us in the related link. .
In Metal and Alloys
Abrasion resistant steel plates, also known as wear resistant steel plates, are widely used in areas wear the wear and tear of plates is high, such as mining equipment, truck …tippers, and cement industry. For more information on the usage of abrasion resistant steel plates, see the related link.
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