Engineering, Procurement and Construction contract Engineering Procurement Construction ("EPC") contracts typically pass all design development and construction risks to the contractor. The developer acquires a "bankable" turnkey project and, at least theoretically, pays a premium for the assumption of risk by the contractor. In other words, in an EPC contract, the EPC contractor (EPCC) agrees to deliver the keys of a commissioned project to the owner for an agreed amount, just as a builder hands over the keys of a flat to the purchaser. An owner decides for an EPC contract for several vital reasons. Some are: · The owner puts in minimum efforts for his project and, so, has less stress · EPC gives the owner one point contact. It is easy to monitor and coordinate · It is easy for the owner to get post-commissioning services · EPC way ensures quality and reduces practical issues faced in other ways · Owner is not affected by the market rise · Investment figure is known at the start of the project
TURNKEY CONTRACT A TURNKEY project is an EPC Contract with total responsibility of Engineering, Procurement and Construction on the EPC Contractor. Owner/Client simply provides the contract specification for the project to be completed within budgeted time limits and quality requirements. EPC contractor is the sole power over the project within project specifications. EPC ~ LOOSE TURNKEY CONTRACT An EPC contract is a LOOSE TURNKEY project wherein owner/client must share some of the technical/engineering/EPC part with the contractor. Both owner and client share responsibility for project completion though majority responsibility lies with the EPC contractor. Here, owner/client wants to have some direct control over quality/timeline/budgeted resources over EPC contractor.
EPC is a contract comprising Engineering, Procurement and Construction. Turnkey is a contract comprising Engineering, Procurement and Construction. If you look at the definition , you may find no difference between two concepts, but there are some differences between two concept as follows; 1- In EPC, an employer will provide basic engineering to a contractor and the latter shall perform detailed design based of received basic design. 2- In Turnkey , Employer will only provide certain technical specifications of the project and it is the responsibility of the contractor to prepare basic and detail design of the project. 3- In turnkey, contractor is responsible to perform construction and commissioning, start-up and take over of the plant to employer, but in EPC, it may be the responsibility of other third person to do commissioning and start-up.
EPC contract is an Engineering, Procurement and Construction contract that comprises entire project starting from designing, planning, procurement from third parties, clearance of goods, delivery, provision of spare parts, erection, commissioning, testing, completion of facility and correction of defects etc. BOT contract is a built, operate and transfer Contract which also comprises total responsibilities to build the entire project and after operating the project, transfer the same to the Owner of the project. Karuna Kumar
A construction contract can be explained as the warranty that ensures that the executed job gets the specific amount of compensation or the way compensation will be distributed. Moreover, a construction contract is negotiated specifically for the construction of an asset or a group of interrelated assets.
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