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Electrical Engineering

What is an isolation transformer?


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2018-04-11 10:36:13
2018-04-11 10:36:13

An isolation transformer does not have a direct electrical path from the power input side to the power output side. The term is also used to define how much electrical isolation exists between the input and output windings. For example when using line-voltage input Transformers to power low voltage device handled by humans, a high degree of isolation is required for safety.

Isolated transformers often use separate bobbins for the primary and secondary coil windings, but usually the windings are just wound on top of each other with insulation in between.There is usually an electrostatic shield between windings which is tied to transformer case.

Non-Isolated transformers are becoming rare. A common example is the "Variac" which is a non-isolated variable transformer. Usually the term "auto-transformer" is used to describe non-isolated transformers. They are rarely found in consumer products.

Although any transformer with a separate primary and secondary winding is an isolation transformer to some extent, The term is usually used to denote a special-purpose transformer built just for that use. It is tested and rated to withstand a very high voltage difference, called the withstand voltage, so that even if thousands of volts are applied to the primary, it will not leak through to the protected side. These transformers are used in the medical industry, to protect patients hooked up to monitoring instruments that are powered by utility mains, as well as other uses.
An 'isolation transformer' is a transformer specifically used to electrically-isolate the secondary circuit from the primary circuit. Of course, ALL mutual transformers do this, but an isolation transformer normally has a 1:1 ratio, which means its secondary voltage is the same as its primary voltage. In other words, its purpose is NOT to change the supply voltage, but to isolate the user from the supply circuit.

Isolation transformers isolate the secondary circuit from the earthed (grounded) primary circuit. As there is no earth return from the secondary circuit back to the primary supply, isolation transformer eliminate the risk of shock between the secondary circuit and earth.

An example of an isolation transformer is a bathroom shaver socket. The output is completely isolated from the earthed supply, so users cannot receive a shock between the outlet and earth.


Related Questions

An isolation transformer is usually a ferromagnetic transformer. The question needs to be framed more usefully.

An 'isolation transformer' is a 1:1 ratio mutual transformer. It electrically isolates the secondary circuit from the primary circuit without changing the voltage level. A bathroom shaver socket uses an isolation transformer.

I suppose it could, but then it wouldn't be purely an isolation transformer. It would then be a isolation and either step up or step down transformer.

in isolation transformer earthing is not provide on secondary side but in ordinary transformer neutral of secondary side is earthedAnswerAn isolation transformer is a 1:1 ratio transformer; its function is to electrically isolate the secondary side from the primary side without changing the voltage. An example of an isolation transformer is the one used in a shaver socket.A distribution transformer is a step-down transformer, used within the electricity network's distribution system. An example of distribution transformer is a pole-mounted transformer, supplying low voltage to residences.(Of course, all mutual transformers provide electrical isolation between primary and secondary.)

You will have a 1:1 ratio isolation transformer.

The function of an isolation transformer is to electrically-isolate the secondary circuit from the primary circuit, without changing the voltage levels. So, its secondary voltage will be the same as the primary voltage.

Such a transformer is called an 'isolation transformer' and, as its name implies, is used to electrically-isolate the secondary circuit from the primary circuit.

By using the transformer we can step and step down the voltages as per our requirements. Also transformers helps us to product the electrical things (e.g. isolation transformer).

Actually an isolation transformer may be physically the same as a Step up/Step Down transformer. The main difference is in the way they are used. Another difference is that in a normal transformer there will be capacitance between the 2 windings, between the windings and core, between the core and shell, etc. These capacitances bring in high frequency noise from outside, which will be transmitted in the secondary circuit. So [in an isolation transformer] wires are connected between each component, (not direct contact, but with insulation present). This permits a leakage current and eliminates unnecessary capacitance. I could make a start to answer this question. Isolation transformer: is a transformer with two separate windings, the primary and the secondary. There is an electrical isolation between the primary and the secondary. Nearly any type of transformer with two non-connected windings could be considered an "isolation" transformer, in that it electrically isolates the primary voltage from the secondary voltage. There are also transformers with one winding (called auto-transformers) and connections for input and output. If the input is low voltage and the output a higher, then you can say it is a STEP-UP transformer. If the input is high and the output is low, then you can say it is a STEP-DOWN. This type of transformer can not by used where safety is a large factor.

Place this question at the switchmode Yahoo group. Cheers.

A: Mostly for isolation and transferring of power voltage to a level easily to use

did u mean isolation transformers..?? if it is, it's already been answered..!!

A: there is no formula the gain of the amp is just reduced by the transformer turn ratio minus efficiency or loss. the transformer is for isolation and impedance matching

Television sets do not need to be connected to isolation transformers for normal operation. However, most modern sets do not have power transformers, which means they run directly off of the line. In that case, you do need an isolation transformer to protect yourself from electrocution during repair.

Generally speaking, an isolation transformer will work pretty much the same for 50 Hertz as for 60 Hertz. There will be some slight differences, but the frequency is low enough and the the range narrow enough that the transformer will just "do its thing" regardless. Note that the isolation transformer won't change the frequency of the input. An input of 50 Hz or 60 Hz will yield an output of 50 Hz and 60 Hz respectively. No change should be expected.

The Scott-T transformer was used to run 2-phase equipment from a 3-phase source. Older power distribution systems (and equipment) were 2-phase. An isolation transformer usually has the same input and output voltages (120:120, 240:240, etc) and is used to isolate the source from the load. Isolation transformers are used in medical equipment, for instance, to prevent a patient hooked up to a monitor from being electrocuted during an electrical fault.

A: It doesn't have to be a transformer it could be direct from the AC Line what a transformer does besides lowering or raising the voltage as required it also provide safety of isolation from the AC source

A: The only way can be possible if the transformer is an isolation type. Yes, you can put the input into the secondary side. This will create a step-up transformer.

An isolation transformer (or more commonly, amplifier) reduces noise in the system from the power source. This is especially necessary in medical applications where the signals that are being read are very tiny and even a small amount of noise can disrupt a signal and make it unreadable.

It will segregrate the Battery unit and power supply unit,seperate.----Arun

An auto transformer has one winding with the output being tapped at some point and therefore has no isolation between primary and secondary. This may make it unsafe or illegal in some applications. A common power transformer has separate windings.

If the number of turns in the primary is the same as the secondary, this would be an isolation transformer. Primary and secondary voltages should match (minus the inherent transformer losses), as should the current.

An isolation transformer is intended to isolate the ground path in the primary from the secondary while maintaining the same voltage on the secondary. This means a turns ratio of 1 to 1. If there are 500 turns on the primary, then there will be 500 turns on the secondary.

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