What is bid rent?

Bid Rent Theory says that the closer a property is to the center of the business district, the more desireable it is. The further out a piece of land is, the smaller its value. The amount that the competing land users are willing to pay for these properties is called the bid rent.

In agriculture, bid rent is the monetary return a farmer can receive for growing a particular crop on a unit of land after all costs of production (including transportation to the market) are taken into account. Crops with the highest production costs will be nearest to the market place. Those with low production costs will be farther away.