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Joseph Stalin

What is collectivization?

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June 14, 2010 11:53AM

Collectivization in the Soviet Union was a policy pursued under Joseph Stalin, between 1928 and 1940, in replacement of the failing New Economic Policy.

The goal of this policy was to consolidate individual land and labour into huge, more modern, Collective farms (in Russian these large, collective farms were called: колхо́з, better known as Kolkhoz, plural kolkhozy).

The Soviet leadership was confident that the replacement of individual peasant farms by kolkhozy would immediately increase the food supply for urban populations, the supply of raw materials for processing industry, and agricultural exports. Collectivization was thus regarded as the solution to the crisis of agricultural distribution (mainly in grain deliveries) that had developed since 1927. This problem became more acute as the Soviet Union pressed ahead with its ambitious industrialization program.