Soviet Union (USSR)

The Soviet Union was a Communist State and the inheritor of the vast Russian Empire's territory. It existed from 1922, at the end of the Russian Revolution, until 1991 when the fifteen Soviet Republics became independent countries. The Soviet Union was treated with both scorn and reverence by the Western Powers and opposed the United States throughout the Cold War.

17,105 Questions
Politics and Government
War and Military History
Cold War
Soviet Union (USSR)

How do satellites in the Warsaw pact provide a buffer for the Soviet Union?

-1.8M
Soviet Union (USSR)

Soviet Union meaning of the flag?

The flag of the former Soviet Union was a red background with a gold hammer and sickle crossed in the top left corner with a star over the top. The hammer represented industry/workers whilst the sickle stood for agriculture/peasants. The star represents the Communist Party.

The red background is said to symbolise the blood of the workers and peasants spilt during the revolution.

334335336
Soviet Union (USSR)

What man founded the Soviet Union?

The two main men sho formed the soviet union were vladimir lenin and leon trotsky

Iozjik: Creators of Soviet Union was Vladimir Lenin, leader of Russia and Iosif Stalin, who was in charge of national politics and relations with other republics.

279280281
USSR in WW2
History of Russia
Soviet Union (USSR)

What is the initials for Soviet Union?

The initials in English are USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics). In the Russian (Cyrillic) alphabet CCCP.

Please note that an apparent "C" is equivalent to an English "S"; the apparent "P" actually is equivalent to English "R") The country's name in Russian was Союз Советский Социалистических Республик, pronounced "Soyuz Sovetskiĭ Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik"

277278279
Soviet Union (USSR)

What does the USSR MEANS?

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

235236237
World War 2
Germany in WW2
Cold War
Soviet Union (USSR)

What events worsened relations between the United States and the Soviet Union?

Soviet Union invasion of Afghanistan

91011
USSR in WW2
History of Russia
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet Union (USSR)

What was life like in Soviet Russia 1917-1991?

To address the question that was actually asked, unlike the other two responses, I can recommend three excellent books, Russia, the People and the Power by Robert G. Kaiser, The Russians by Hedrick Smith, and Behind the High Kremlin Walls by Vladimir Solovyov and Elena Klepikova. Some other good ones include "Mig Pilot", that is by the pilot who flew his fighter to Japan in 1975, I forget his name, "Breaking With Moscow" by Arkady N. Schevchenko and anything by Alexander Solzhenitsyn.Michael Montagne

AnswerWell, apart from the 'purges' of dissidents by those evil few with power in their hands - and over the years that meant killings by the million - life for the common people meant that they were well educated and well cared-for, and always knew where their next meal was coming from, which should be all that matters.

That is more than you can say for now, with our grab-as-grab-can society imposed on them via just one or two corrupt leaders now retired to fat lives abroad together with those with the riches which those 'leaders' permitted them to scoop from the rest during the few years since '91

Russia is now the ruins of what was a great able and cultured nation only a few years ago. The common people - the vast majority -now live in abject poverty, in a 'market economy', which means you need money to live, and in the Russian climate, which has to be experienced to be believed.

That shows the erosive power of finance in the hands of a few malicious amoral villains. And those are the ones who now rule'our' world.

That should make us think, and see exactly who they are who are now paying all our presidents to do what they want. - Shouldn't it?

AnswerI'm sure that the Soviet government tried their best to provide a comfortable, peaceful and stable life for its citizens. Whether or not they actually did is a different story. Only those who were unswervingly loyal to the Party and its principles reaped the most material benefits. Of course, Party personnel reaped the most, followed by military and police forces. At the bottom of the barrel was the "worker" all of the bureaucrats were claiming to represent. AnswerGreetings from Russia! (Siberia)

Before 1991-93 we (Russians) could be shure in our future, we had guarantees of medical service and education for-free. Also we had normal life level. But we had not enough commodities and products.

After 8 years of anti-Russian "democracy" and wild/criminal capitalism Russian GNP became extremely lower than before that period. People became extremely poor in this 8 years. Economy was almost destroyed.

Now we have true democratically choosen pro-Russian government. And we grow rich and repair our economy.

P.S. Excuse me for my terrible English

AnswerIt is impossible to answer briefly to the question....First it was a cruel civil war and collapse of empire in the beginning, violence, blood, new hopes, -really hard times, after there came a period of modernization which was unseen before in the modern world's history - during a dozen of years ruined collapsed mostly agricultural country became one of the leaders in Europe..but people paid really tremendous price for that - terror, slavery of GULAG, starving villages, it is incredible that the nation was able to survive all that and was capable of real feat to save their country, what the Soviet people experienced in the 30s is almost nothing in comparison with terrors of the WWII or the Great Patriotic War as it is called in Russia and this nation showed tremendous strength and courage and won its War...Stalin was the most lucky tyran to have Russians under his power......sure there were traitors, there were about 1 million who joined Nazis Russian Liberation Army, some of them really thought that Russia should be saved from Stalin's tyrany, but if the Nazis won there were not be Russia any more...9th of May was a real triumph of soviet people, not of the criminal system that ruled them...and this country was ruined, devastated, lost millions of people - incredible, but it was the first to send a sattelite and human being in space - sure, there were lots of politics about that, but it was one more real triumph, the 60-x to my mind is the best time in the entire history of the USSR...main reason- people got much more freedom after the tyrany, after the 70s the country started slowly to slide to its collapse...corruption, decay of political elite, exhausting arms race with the US, fear of truth, time of inefficiency and incompetence...but collapse of the USSR just accelerated degradation in most of the former soviet republics, and this decay is not stopped yet...in the end of the 80s we had better health care sytem, better education, our science was on a higher level and the nation was less corrupted, simply people lived longer than now in Russia
220221222
USSR in WW2
Cold War
US in WW2
Soviet Union (USSR)

What incident in 1960 heightened cold war tensions between the US and the Soviet Union?

Newly appointed Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev threatened the United States to nuclear damnation several times throughout the year. The following year, the already strained relationship between the US and the Soviet Union came to a breaking point when, in 1961, the Soviets pledged total support to Fidel Castro in the famed Bay of Pigs incident.

167168169
History of Russia
Joseph Stalin
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet Union (USSR)

What was Lenin's main concern about Stalin?

Lenin felt that Stalin was far too harsh and that he would not make a good leader, but after his unexpected death in 1924, Lenin did not name his succesor, and Stalin took that chance to take power.

179180181
World War 1
Cold War
History of Russia
Soviet Union (USSR)

What were the main factors responsible for the disintegration of the Soviet Union?

Generally, the capability of the USSR to maintain its internal and external economic structure eventually failed, and the political structure followed. Factors included the dissatisfaction of its citizens, nationalist movements in Eastern Europe and Asia, and an unworkable, inflexible bureaucracy.

Economy

The Soviet's tightly controlled economy was not able to compete with the free-market economy of the US and its allies. In almost every area of competition - excepting only nuclear armaments - the Soviet system fell behind. One example of this can be found in the production of Soviet steel. Around and after WWII, the Soviet system was behind the US in steel production. Since they used a command economy, this was a factor that had to be settled not via supply and demand but rather through the Soviet government's use of limited resources and time (e.g. currency and time). By the 1990s, Soviet steel production surpassed that of the US. Unfortunately for the Soviets, by this time there was a plethora of steel traded on the open markets. So while they did indeed begin to produce more steel than the US, it was more expensive for them to produce steel domestically than it was for the US to import it. This left the US with resources to spend on other "projects" - such as computer technology. This phenomenon was to repeat itself in a variety of other areas as well.

Military

The move away from nuclear arms to conventional arms was one that the USSR was ill-prepared to exploit, although Russian scientists were among the best in the world. When Ronald Reagan became President in 1981, he embarked on an ambitious expansion of the armed forces, requiring the Soviets to expand their own cumbersome military apparatus. When the Russian and Soviets economies fell on hard times, they could no longer afford to control their satellite countries in Asia and Eastern Europe.

Communism vs. Religion

Russia fell primarily because the Great God of Abraham Isaac and Jacob caused it to fall. For more than 60 years Godless communism had enslaved and murdered people all over the globe and espoused that the state was God. Afghanistan was the first chink in the mighty Soviet armor. Then the other "stans" broke away. All those soviet vassal states with great numbers of Muslims broke away, and the communists lost control of their empire. Mainly God allowed thousands of Jews to return to return to Israel from Russia. The great red bully of the world was shaken to the core and split up when God decided that enough was enough!

164165166
Languages and Cultures
Word and Phrase Origins
Soviet Union (USSR)

What language does soviet come from?

"Soviet" is from the Russian word совет (sovyét) word meaning "council" or "board (of councillors)".

159160161
Soviet Union (USSR)

What does USSR stand for?

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

129130131
Korean War
USSR in WW2
Cold War
Soviet Union (USSR)

How did the different political systems cause the Cold War between the United States and Soviet Union?

There are two different ways to view the Cold War. One is that the Cold War is nothing unique-two very powerful nations were playing the Great Game in search of global domination. Certainly the foreign policy objectives of the USSR were similar to the Russian monarchy-such as an Eastern European buffer zone and a warm-water port not located on the Pacific Rim.

The second way to view the Cold War is as an ideological struggle between two competing world views-capitalist democracy vs. socialist totalitarianism. The Soviets were terrified the West sought to overthrow Communism, and the US and her allies were convinced that the Soviets would spread Communism around the world by whatever means necessary. Both sides were armed with enough nuclear warheads to destroy most of humanity-raising the stakes to an apocalyptic level.

Both sides had the seeds of conflict inherent within their own political systems. In the United States, the fear of the Soviet threat was played up for electoral advantage. John Kennedy won election over Nixon in part by playing up fear of a non-existent "Bomber Gap" and "Missile Gap". Presidents often used fear of Communism to force an agenda through a stalemated Congress. It was easier to focus on the foreign threat rather than deal with many domestic problems.

143144145
History of Russia
Soviet Union (USSR)

Why did the Soviet Union apply pressure to Turkey?

share control of the bosphorus and dardanelles straits

134135136
Cold War
Hungary
Cuban Missile Crisis
Soviet Union (USSR)

Did the Hungary uprising against the soviet domination fail?

Yes

131132133
USSR in WW2
History of Russia
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet Union (USSR)

Were the new Soviet economic plan successful?

If you mean the program in effect for a few years during and immediately after the Revolution (1917), in my opinion, yes. Indeed, many Bolsheviks went into business for themselves under the NEP. However, the ostensible reason for the NEP was to provide the capitalist bridge between feudalism and socialism that Marxist-Leninist theory required.

131132133
Soviet Union (USSR)

Was there strict censorship in the Soviet Union?

Yes, Stalin especially wanted no one to critize his government and he even had artists censor out what he thought was harmful to the Communist regime of the Soviet Union.

130131132
World War 2
USSR in WW2
Soviet Union (USSR)

What side was the Soviet union on in World War 2?

They weren't on a side until the Germans invaded their country. Then they joined the Allies in whipping some Nazis.

117118119
Soviet Union (USSR)

What were the causes of the collapse of the Soviet Union?

(Here are some of the suggested factors:)

The Soviet Union's war in Afghanistan badly overstretched their military and demoralized their military.

The Soviet Union's economy was very inefficient. In trying to keep up with the West in the Cold War arms race, the Soviets spent themselves into the ground. They ran billions of rubles in annual deficits over several decades. Mikhail Gorbachev and his advisers had to implement broad economic reforms, towards capitalism, to try to prevent total economic breakdown.

In a parallel to the French Revolution, Gorbachev's attempted to reform gradually and only partially; it spiraled out of his control into a general collapse of the old Soviet system of government. In contrast to the French Revolution, Gorbachev and Boris Yeltsin were able to control the collapse process well enough to prevent complete anarchy and economic chaos.

Four reasons and a Theory:

  1. Socialism failed economically - Economic Stagnation occurred, there were years without a reform
  2. Outside opposition (Capitalist countries) and Nationalism within the republics
  3. Competition with the West- They wanted equality with USA, but had no money
  4. Party officials were killed for personal gain, weakening the party
  5. Conspiracy theory - There are rumors that Gorbachev knew he would bring down the system.

US Influence

The United States of America manipulated the USSR economic system through sabotage and other negative activities towards the state and its economy, creating cracks which resulted into USSR breaking apart.

Loss of Satellite Economies

Growing dissatisfaction among the countries of Eastern Europe (and the fall of puppet regimes) meant that the USSR could not exploit those resources to prop up the union. This led to the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact beginning in 1989. The central government was then increasingly pressured by nationalist movements in the Ukraine, Caucasus, Georgia and outlying Asian states.

After the Berlin Wall was knocked down in 1989, this reunified Germany as one, but also started a revolution in USSR (Soviet Union). In 1991, Gorbechev was forced to give up his power after a coup (overthrow of the government), which was the official collapse of the Soviet Union, which became known as Russia.

Too Much Spending On The Military -Apex :P

115116117
History of Russia
Soviet Union (USSR)

Wealthy peasants in the Soviet Union were called what?

Wealthy peasants were called "kulaks." The name comes from the Russian word for "fist." The name originated prior to the Revolutions of 1917 and carried on into the Stalinist era. Stalin made a concerted effort to purge the Soviet Union of this class of landowners.

113114115
William Shakespeare
Actors & Actresses
Soviet Union (USSR)

Who Shakespearean actor and USSR supporter?

Paul Robeson

113114115
Soviet Union (USSR)

What land did the USSR have to cede to the Central Powers?

The USSR ceded Finland, Poland, Estonia, Livonia, Kurland, Lithuania, the Ukraine, and Bessarabia, all of which, although not annexed ti the Central Powers, were dominated and economically exploited by them. The Soviet Union also ceded Ardahan, Kars, and Batumi to Turkey.

113114115
USSR in WW2
History of Russia
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet Union (USSR)

What three other former members of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics are on the continent of Europe besides russia?

Actually there are more than three. There's Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Belarus, and Ukraine

111112113
USSR in WW2
Cold War
Soviet Union (USSR)

Under the Soviet system farmland was?

organized into state farms and collective farms

107108109
World War 2
Cold War
Soviet Union (USSR)

How did Soviet actions after World War 2 affect American foreign policy?

The American policy shifted to the policy of 'Containment' and the 'Domino Theory'. America was scared of Communism as it was completely opposite to that of Capitalism. After WWII Soviet troops were already occupying many Eastern European countries whom they had liberated. Soon after the war, the Soviet Union forced Communism upon these countries.

America believed that if one country fell to Communism, others would also soon fall according to the Domino Theory.
Therefore they took upon the policy of Containment, which was to contain Communism and prevent its spread to more countries.

107108109

Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.