North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

NATO is an international political and military affiliation focused on consultation and cooperation for the mutual security and safety of member nations and surrounding nations. Operating with diplomatic and military arms, it seeks to resolve disputes in as peaceful a manner as possible, while simultaneously maintaining troops to enforce peaceful intents.

2,200 Questions
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

What are the NATO levels of classification and markings?

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

Did NATO or Warsaw Pact operate today?

Yes, NATO is currently still in existence. The Warsaw Pact disbanded in 1991. Many former Warsaw Pact allies are current NATO members.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

What is NATO?

NATO is the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, which was established by the US and Western Europe following World War II. It originally consisted of twelve countries: the United States, Canada, Britain, France, Italy, Belgium, Denmark, Portugal, the Netherlands, Norway, Luxembourg, and Iceland. These countries agreed to come to the aid of any member who was attacked, and represented a common front against any territorial expansion by the USSR and the Warsaw Pact.

Through 2010, NATO has added members nations from the breakup of the Soviet Union's satellite bloc in Eastern Europe.

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization or NATO, also called the "(North) Atlantic Alliance", is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949. The NATO headquarters are in Brussels, Belgium,[3] and the organization constitutes a system of collective defense whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party.

NATO has added new members seven times since first forming in 1949 (the last two in 2009). NATO comprises 28 members: Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

The members of NATO [North Atlantic Treaty Organisation] are [28 members] Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

The Treaty of Brussels signed 17th March 1948 by France, Holland, Belgium, Luxembourg and the UK is thought to be the start of NATO. This Treaty and the Russian Blockage of Berlin led to the forming of the Western European Union Defence Organisation in September 1948. In order to counter the military might of Russia, it was deemed necessary to involve the USA, and new talks started immediately.

These talks created the North Atlantic Treaty signed on 4th April 1949 by the original five plus USA, Canada, Norway, Italy,Portugal, Iceland and Denmark.

The Berlin blockade convinced many Americans that the Soviets were bent on conquest. The public began to support a military alliance with Western Europe.

By April 1949, an agreement had been reached to create the Nourth Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) a mutual defense alliance.


NATO was formed in 1949. The point of NATO was to counter the threat of post-war communism extending it's influence into Europe using the method of collective defence. This means an attack on one member of NATO would be looked upon as an attack on all members, and all members of NATO would react against the common enemy.

In the 50's the Soviet Union made up their own counter-alliance known as the Warsaw Pact. These were the 2 sides of the cold war up to 1991 when the Soviet Union collapsed and with it the Warsaw Pact.


Advantages of a joining NATO are:

1. NATO helps create defensive programs for countries

(Helps a small country create an effective army.)

2. NATO helps countries with economical difficulties

(If the country is bankrupt NATO will give necessary supplies.)

3. Countries have a voice in European politics

(If Europe was to make a big decision , the members can have a vote/say

in the matter.)

4. Countries will receive help in case of military emergencies

(If there was an attack on the country, NATO would supply aid and equipment.)

These are just a few advantages of joining NATO.

  • a political and military alliance between the U.S. and several European nations

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

Where is Belarus?


North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

When was the NATO treaty put into effect?

When Truman was president.

Politics and Government
Japan in WW2
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

What is collective security?

The strategy by which nations (states) agree not to attack each other and to join in defending against any agressor. The U.N. is an example of an attempt at establishing collective security.
nations agreeing to defend one another from attacks

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

What is true of NATO?

It was designed to oppose Soviet military power.

Vietnam War
Cold War
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

What was the importance of the DMZ to the Vietnam War?

U.S. military forces were prohibited from crossing the DMZ. As a result the NVA used this to their advantage. Crossing in numbers to attack U.S. and South Vietnamese forces and their bases, then when pursued, crossing back into North Vietnam, where they knew that they would not be pursued. As a result, the NVA could re-group and resupply in relative safety. They also used this fact in bombarding bases in South Vietnam with artillery and rockets from the safety of their homeland.

Vietnam War
Cold War
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

What are the lasting effects of the Cold War?

The NATO , Warsaw pact, Korean and Vietnam war

Cold War
History of Germany
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

Why was the Berlin Airlift necessary?

The Berlin Air Lift (known in German as die Luftbrücke) took place during the Berlin Blockade (24 June 1948 - 12 May 1949). The Air Lift came about after the Soviet Union blocked off rail and road links to the Allied sectors of Berlin in an attempt to gain control of the whole of the city. The Soviet authorities believed that, given the location of the city, the three western sectors would be abandoned by the western allies.

After the war, Berlin was divided into four sectors and ruled collectively. The Soviet Union wanted to keep Germany economically weak. In order to achieve this, it set about over-printing the newly-introduced Reichsmark, thereby devaluing it. To counter this the western allies set about introducing a new currency called the Deutschmark but the Soviets refused to honour the new currency. Despite Soviet efforts the currency quickly became standard, even in the Soviet sector. This new currency, along with the Marshall Plan that backed it, appeared to have the potential to revitalize Germany, even against the wishes of the Soviets. Further, the introduction of the currency into western Berlin threatened to create a bastion of western economic resurgence deep within the Soviet zone. Stalin considered this a provocation and now wanted the West completely out of Berlin.

At the time, Berlin had food supplies for 35 days and coal supplies for 45. The Soviets severed all land and water routes to Berlin as a response to the introduction of the Deutschmark, believing that the western allies would find an air bridge too expensive, and with the city facing starvation, would evacuate their troops as they were vastly outnumbered. Military forces in the western sectors of Berlin numbered only 8,973 Americans, 7,606 British and 6,100 French. Soviet military forces in the Soviet sector that surrounded Berlin totaled one and a half million.

Following talks between the US and British, who had already conducted a "little Lift" earlier that year following Soviet restrictions on rail and road movement, the Air Lift began on 24 June 1948.

Over 4,000 tons of supplies per day were required by the Berlin population during the airlift. To achieve this, the United States Air Force, Royal Air Force and other Commonwealth nations flew over 200,000 flights providing 13,000 tons of food daily to Berlin in an operation lasting almost a year. By the spring of 1949, the effort was clearly succeeding, and by April the airlift was delivering more cargo than had previously flowed into the city by rail.

The success of the Airlift was humiliating to the Soviets, who had repeatedly claimed it could never work. When it became clear that it did work, the blockade was lifted in May. Even with the lifting of the blockade, the western Allies continued with the Air Lift, to build up a comfortable 3-month supply in the city, should the Soviets attempt to blockade the city again.

The Berlin Air Lift officially ended on 30 September 1949, after 16 months.

Following the blockade, the Soviets refused to return to the Allied Control Council in Berlin, rendering useless the four-power occupation authority set up at the Potsdam conference.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

What does NATO stand for and what was its purpose?

North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

Its purpose originally was to counteract the Soviet Union. According to the NATO Charter, an attack on one member was an attack on all, thereby protecting all members from attack by the Soviet Union.

Currently, the purpose of NATO is debatable...some argue that since the USSR is gone, the original purpose of NATO is over. Others argue that with threats in the world, the treaty is still vital. NATO recognized the 9/11 attacks and has supported the U.S. in Afghanistan (but not Iraq).

The alliance provides for sharing of technologies and of intelligence.

History, Politics & Society
Ku Klux Klan
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

Does the 38 Parallel still exist in Korea today?

Yes it does. Like the Equator and North Pole, it is a position on the earth and would be hard to erase. The line was originally the dividing line between North and South Korea following the second world war based on an agreement between the USSR and USA. The armistice which brought the war (1950-53) to an end was formed on the font line. The respective forces pulled back some 2km either side to create a DMZ (De Militarised Zone). The DMZ runs roughly along the 38th parallel but starts slightly south of it and runs north of it across the country. Kaesong was the only significant city to change starting off in the South and ending up in the North.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

What does NATO mean in military terms?

north Atlantic treaty organization

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

NATO is an example of what? alliance

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

What does the initials NATO stand for?

North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

The abbreviation NATO means North Atlantic Treaty Organisation.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

The north Atlantic treaty organization NATO and the Warsaw Pact are best described as two?

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.

The Warsaw Treaty is the informal name for the mutual defense Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance commonly known as the Warsaw Pact subscribed by eight communist states in Eastern Europe, which was established at the USSR's initiative and realized on 14 May 1955, in Warsaw, Poland.

They are described as different ways of keeping peace.

US Government
Berlin Wall
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

Was the soviet blockade of west Berlin a response to the formation of NATO?

No, the berlin blockade happened before NATO. This pact was a response to the berlin blockade - it stated that all countries should come together for a mutal defence against acts of aggression - in this case they were indicating it about Russia.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

What does NATO stand for?

NATO stands for "North Atlantic Treaty Organisation" which is a cooperative miltary organization between the US and countries of Europe. It began after World War II as a common defense against the feared expansionism of the Soviet Union. Since the collapse of the USSR and the Warsaw Pact, former satellite countries of eastern Europe have also joined.

(see the related question)

Iraq War
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

Would someone please explain the U.S. led part in the oft-used phrase U.S.-led NATO air strike operation etc how does the U.S. lead NATO?

This phrase merely points out that the majority of the planning, support, and combat forces for a particular mission (ground, air, naval or Special Operations) has been handled/provided by the United States. It may or may not have a US commander...but rest assured the majority of the military hardware and manpower used will be US.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

Where was NATO established?

in the u.s.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

What is the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation?

The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for collective security established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, DC, on 4 April 1949. Its headquarters are located in Brussels, Belgium. Its other official name is the French equivalent, l'Organisation du Trait de l'Atlantique Nord (OTAN).

The military organization NATO was created during the Cold War to ensure that the USSR would not take advantage of European countries bordering the Soviet bloc. This organization initially consisted of the US, UK, Canada, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and Portugal, and also West Germany. France participated in NATO exercises, but never officialy signed on.

It was expected to contain the major thrust of any USSR incursions, and allow enough time for the rest of the western nations to provide reinforcements. It was felt that it would be critical to stop or slow down any Soviet attack within the first few days.

Since NATO's inception, other countries have joined, and since the Warsaw Pact crumbled in 1991, former Soviet satellite countries have also requested admission, as they still perceive a Russian threat in Eastern Europe.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

NATO was a military alliance between which states?

The original NATO members were:

  1. Belgium
  2. Canada
  3. Denmark
  4. France
  5. Iceland
  6. Italy
  7. Luxembourg
  8. Netherlands
  9. Norway
  10. Portugal
  11. United Kingdom
  12. United States.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

How many nations are part of NATO?

The current 28 NATO member countries are:

  1. Albania
  2. Belgium
  3. Bulgaria
  4. Canada
  5. Croatia
  6. Czech Rep
  7. Denmark
  8. Estonia
  9. France
  10. Germany
  11. Greece
  12. Hungary
  13. Iceland
  14. Italy
  15. Latvia
  16. Lithuania
  17. Luxembourg
  18. Netherlands
  19. Norway
  20. Poland
  21. Portugal
  22. Romania
  23. Slovakia
  24. Slovenia
  25. Spain
  26. Turkey
  27. United Kingdom
  28. United States
Santa Fe
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

What Asian country is nearest Alaska?


European Union
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

Is England a current member of the EU?


Britain has been a member of the EU and its predecessors, including the KJC,

continuously since1973.


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