Russian Revolutions

Russia had a series of revolutions throughout 1905 and 1917. The 1917 revolutions ended the Russian Empire, and were the beginning of the Russian Civil War.

2,570 Questions
History of Russia
Vladimir Lenin
Communism
Russian Revolutions

To what extent was Lenin responsible for the 1917 October Revolution?

Lenin led the revolution. When he returned from switzerland, he inspired the masses to revolt against the Burgeoise. Also, he inspired soldiers to convert to the cause. Thus, he was a major influence in the revolution. Partly right. In fact Russia had threee revolutions to deal with. 1905 - after a enormous defeat against Japan (the entire navy was lost) the Tsar had to deal with the Bolsjewist and Mensjewist party who took over control over several cities. The revolution was surpressed, and Nikolai II promised to reform the country. This didn't happen though and in February 1917, nikolai II was abducted and a temporary government was formed. Main people in this government were anton Kerenski (a former journalist if I'm not mistaken) and Prince Llov (a liberal) Allthough thy tried to reform the country, they didn't succeed to prevent the bolsjewiki to overthrow this government in november 1917 (done by Lenin, trotski and Stalin). Lenin took control over the government. A bit later, the civil war started which lasted for three years (1917 - 1920) eventually won by Lenin and his frieds (the jew Trotsky was the main architect to victory here). Since then, propaganda stated only one heroic revolution took place in 1917. The truth is, that Lenin just entered the room and said something like. Gentlemen, we take over control. It seems as if WWI had just as much responsibility for the Oct. Revolution as the Bolsheviks did. The autocracy surely would've retained power without entrence into the war. The situation in Russia by 1917 had become very unsatisfactory and Lenins return to the coutry with the help of the Germans was vital. This is not because of Lenins major influence on the revolution but his presence in a moment of possible change to the government, the war played a big part but it was Lenin who utalised the situation to his advantage and he knew when the time had come for a possible Bolshevik take over.

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History of Russia
The Romanovs
Vladimir Lenin
Russian Revolutions

What occurred in the Russian Revolution?

There were two revolutions in Russia in the early 20th century1905 and 1917

1905 - Mass unrest and discontent in Russia led to Tsar Nicholas II disclaiming his absolute autocratic power by introducing Dumas in the October Manifesto. After 4 Dumas proved unsuccessful the Tsar regained his power until 1917, when the Bolsheviks (left wing political party) overthrew the Tsar and then murdered the last of the Romanov's in July 1918. Their dynasty ended thus leaving Russia in Communism.

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History of Russia
Vladimir Lenin
Communism
Russian Revolutions

How did Lenin die in the Russian Revolution?

Vladimir Lenin did not die in the Russian Revolution. He survived not only the revolution but also the following Russian civil War, which ended in 1920. Lenin died in 1924 of natural causes after suffering three strokes beginning in 1922.

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History of Russia
Russian Revolutions

Why is the Russian October Revolution celebrated in November?

At the time of the revolution, the Russian Empire still was using the ancient Julian calendar, which had been discarded some 150 years earlier by most Western countries. The result was that each day in Russia was dated 13 days earlier than the same day in the West.

According to the old calendar, the date of the Bolshevik revolution was October 25. But according to the new Gregorian calendar, the date actually was November 7.

Only after the Bolsheviks established the Soviet Union did the country adopt the new calendar. So it was the Bolsheviks themselves who were responsible for changing the date of their October Revolution of October 25 to the national celebration November 7.

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History of Russia
The Romanovs
Vladimir Lenin
Russian Revolutions

What were the causes of the Russian Revolution?

The Russian Revolution was caused by several major factors:

1. The partial industrialization of Russia in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, which created an urban working class in places like St. Petersburg and Moscow that could organize against its exploitation through unions and workers councils (known as 'the soviets'). This enabled the workers to work together much more effectively against their bosses then the scattered, isolated, and thus largely de-politicized peasantry. The cities were also connected via trade and communication to the outside world, where intellectuals and workers alike had access to revolutionary ideas from western Europe such as Marxism.

2. The desperate poverty and gross inequality that marked Russian society created a deep well of discontent. The czar and the aristocracy, as well as Russia's capitalist class, lived in opulent luxury in palaces such as the Hermitage while most Russians lived in medieval conditions. In the countryside, most farmers still used wooden plow. Hundreds of thousands died from epidemics on a regular basis. 1/3 of all Russian babies died before their first birthday.

3. The entry of Russia into World War I brought all the class tensions of Russian society to a boiling point, especially when Russia's badly equipped and led army suffered a series of disastrous defeats. Food riots broke out in Russia's major cities and the countryside. The army and navy began to mutiny against a government they had no desire to fight and die for.

4. The czar of Russia, Nicholas II, was a weak and indecisive leader. He went back and forth between making concessions to his people and then opting for repressive measures. Therefore, he both allowed breathing space for a revolutionary movement to develop while creating fresh grievances that strengthened the political forces against him. Most importantly though, he was attempting to reform a corrupt, repressive, outdated system that could not be reformed at all.

5. Although many different groups were opposed to the czar, the Russian revolution was successful because the group that ended up leading it, the Bolsheviks, were dedicated, well-organized, and well-led.

Note: What is commonly called the "Russian Revolution" refers to the events which occurred in 1917 (there was also a smaller and less successful revolution in 1905).

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World War 1
Russian Revolutions

How did the Russian Revolution affect World War 1?

Russia's horrific losses on the Eastern Front were a significant factor in precipitating the Revolution. After the Revolution, the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk brought Russia's conflict with Germany to an end. Germany was able to re-commit troops and resources from the Eastern Front to France and Belgium. By this time however, the United States had entered the war on the side of Britain and France, more than compensating for the loss of Russia.

___It can also be concluded that the Russian Revolution helped end the war because had Russia not had the Revolution Germany would not have focused all of its powers on France which then would not have led an end even had the Americans joined because there would still be soldiers on the Eastern Front. ____The Russian Revolution had another effect in the medium term, From 1918 onwards all European countries, the U.S. and Japan were 'haunted by the spectre of Bolshevism'. In some countries it even became a complete obsession ...
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History of Russia
Russian Revolutions

What were the main objectives of the Russian revolution?

The main objectives of the Russian Revolutionaries were:

(i) To secure peace and withdrawal of Russia from the First World War.

(ii) Transfer land be transferred to the tiller.

(iii) Give control of industry to the workers.

(iv) Give equal status to non-Russian nationalities.

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History of Russia
Russian Revolutions

Who were the white Russians in the Russian revolution?

The White Russians followed the Czar, Nicholas II. This was comprised of Loyalists and cossacks. The Red Russians, were part of the Red Army lead by the communist Bolsheviks, and Vladimir Lenin.

In point of fact, there were no "White Russians" in the "Russian Revolution." The White Russian forces were part of the Russian Civil War, not the revolution. The White Russians were not all followers of Tsar Nicholas II. Many did not want him back in power. The White Russians were mainly anti-Soviet and anti-Bolshevik forces. Some wanted to impose a military dictatorship over Russia, some wanted a constitutional democracy and some wanted simply to be left alone to live without interference by the Moscow government. This dichotomy of goals is partly to blame for the failure of the White Russians in the civil war.

@EPLibraian: While yes it may be true some were not particularly Pro-czar they did fight on the same side of the Czar against the Red Army. In fact, the term "white" comes from a reference of absolute monarchy used with Ivan III, the first czar of Russia, not a military dictatorship. The White Russians also comprised of the members I stated (Loyalists and Cossacks). Famous members of this army include the Russian naval commander Alexander Kolchak and military intelligence officer Lavr Kornilov, as well as fictional characters General Zaroff, and his manservant Ivan from the short story The Most Dangerous Game, which denotes Nicholas as the "Great White Czar." Either way the confederation was extremely loose due to their divided goals, as you stated. and i am sorry for not particularly clarifying my answer

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History of Russia
Russian Revolutions

What happened during the October Revolution of 1917?

csar nicklous and family were disposed and the communists won out

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History of Russia
Vladimir Lenin
Communism
Russian Revolutions

Why did the Russian Revolution start?

The revolution started because no one in Russian was satisfied with the Tsar. He wasn't very good at ruling and many soldiers were dying in WWI. He went on the front to try and help his soldiers, but he only made it worse. The soldiers weren't given enough training, medical care, weapons, or even food. Also Russia's economy was very undeveloped compared to other countries. The people were tired of his rule and forced him to abdicate. Finally Lenin and his Bolshevik party take control of Russia and become the new government. Civil War then erupted between the Red Army (those fighting for communism) and the white army (those who wanted the rule of the Tsar to continue. The Red Army won since it gained all of the support from the peasant who wanted a classless society.

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Politics and Government
Cocktail and Mixed Drink Recipes
Planet Mars
Russian Revolutions

Why were Russians called Reds?

The Russians were not called the "Reds," the Soviets were. The distinction is a historical one. The Bolshevik revolution was not an entirely bloodless one and in 1918 Russia was in a state of Civil War.

The Bolshevik army was called the "Red Army," so named for the blood of the working classes spilled in pursuit of communism; standing against the Bolsheviks was a loose confederation of allies called the "White Army"

Incidentally, there were also Green and Black armies as well, but their roles are comparatively minor.

The Bolsheviks, or the Red Army, or simply the "Reds" proved victorious, and eventually gained political control of Russia. As the United States and allied countries had sent aid to the White Russians to oppose the Bolsheviks, the short-hand and somewhat dismissive "Reds" proved a powerful meme and one that persisted throughout the rest of the Cold War.

AnswerRussians are called Reds because in the comunist erea red was the colour of comunist revalution. A line from the internationional is "we'll keep the red flag flying here." AnswerIn Europe, red has been the colour of the Left since 1848. It's been used by the moderate and radical Left.

Incidentally, the line quoted above comes from the "Red Flag", which used to be sung at gatherings of the British Labour Party.

Answer

The very first person credited as a Russian ruler was Rurik. The "Red" reference did not originate from his political views or military actions, but his physical appearance. He came from a Scandinavian tribe that had a larger the usual red-haired population and was consequently red-haired himself.

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Russian Revolutions

How did geography affect the Russian civil war?

someone answer this question please, asap

919293
History of Russia
Vladimir Lenin
Russian Revolutions

What were the tactics used in the October Revolution?

Lenin and the Bolsheviks staged a military coup rather than a true revolution on October 25, 1917 to take power away from the Russian Provisional Government. They seized important strategic installations in Petrograd (St. Petersburg), Moscow and other important cities. They railway stations so that troops could not be moved to fight the Bolsheviks. They seized telegraph and telephone centers so that the Provisional Government could not communicate with forces loyal to them. They had already gotten support from Russia's military forces who refused to take action against the Bolshevik takeover. These actions made the Provisional Government unable to defend itself and the Bolsheviks walked into the Winter Palace and arrested the members of the Provisional Government with hardly a shot fired. They then announced to the country that they were now in charge.

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History of Russia
Russian Revolutions

How did the Russian revolution help the Russian people?

It didn't. It started a bloody war and destabilized the country for generation. The economy crashed and millions starved.

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Building and Carpentry
History of Russia
Russian Language and Culture
Russian Revolutions

What is a Russian gutter?

sdrastvooti is how to say hello in russain

838485
History of Russia
Russian Revolutions

What are the causes of the Russian Revolution?

Lack of food and Bad leadership.

The Russian Revolution was caused by several major factors:

1. The partial industrialization of Russia in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, which created an urban working class in places like St. Petersburg and Moscow that could organize against its exploitation through unions and workers councils(known as 'the soviets'). This enabled the workers to work together much more effectively against their bosses then the scattered, isolated, and thus largely de-politicized peasantry. The cities were also connected via trade and communication to the outside world, where intellectuals and workers alike had access to revolutionary ideas from western Europe such as Marxism.

2. The desperate poverty and gross inequality that marked Russian society created a deep well of discontent. The czar and the aristocracy, as well as Russia's capitalist class, lived in opulent luxury in palaces such as the Hermitage while most Russians lived in medieval conditions. In the countryside, most farmers still used wooden plow. Hundreds of thousands died from epidemics on a regular basis. 1/3 of all Russian babies died before their first birthday.

3. The entry of Russia into World War I brought all the class tensions of Russian society to a boiling point, especially when Russia's badly equipped and led army suffered a series of disastrous defeats. Food riots broke out in Russia's major cities and the countryside. The army and navy began to mutiny against a government they had no desire to fight and die for.

4. The czar of Russia, Nicholas II, was a weak and indecisive leader. He went back and forth between making concessions to his people and then opting for repressive measures. Therefore, he both allowed breathing space for a revolutionary movement to develop while creating fresh grievances that strengthened the political forces against him. Most importantly though, he was attempting to reform a corrupt, repressive, outdated system that could not be reformed at all.

5. Although many different groups were opposed to the czar, the Russian revolution was successful because the group that ended up leading it, the Bolsheviks, were dedicated, well-organized, and well-led.

838485
History of the United States
American Revolution
Russian Revolutions

Why didn't the American Revolution take place until the late eighteenth century?

Because, during most of the period when the colonies were being founded and growing, England wasn't actually doing too much to try to govern them. England was months away by sailing ship, and was often distracted by foreign wars and a civil war and two revolutions of its own. thus the colonies were largely left alone and developed their own systems of government which were far more democratic than England's. In the 1760's though, when England had settled its own internal troubles and finally settled matters with France, it began passing laws, especially taxes, which supposedly were enforceable in the colonies. That was not the way things had ever been done before. The colonies had always been loyal to and supportive of the king, but they had made their own laws, and taxes, in their own legislatures, the British Parliament had generally not tried to legislate for them. Thus, when it did try to do so, especially trying to tax them, the colonists became very angry and afraid because since they had no representatives in the Parliament, there was no one there to protect their rights. They began protesting the Parliament's actions. Parliament responded by gradually passing harsher and harsher laws to make the colonists obey. This just confirmed the colonists fears about the threat to their liberties. Finally, open warfare and outright rebellion broke out. When the colonists realized that the king was on Parliament's side and not their own, they decided they wanted independence. So, the revolution occurred in the late 18th century because that was when England began passing laws that sought to change the nature of the relationship between the colonies and the mother country that had always existed up to that time.Michael Montagne

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History of Russia
The Romanovs
Communism
Russian Revolutions

What were the causes and effects of the Russian Revolution?

Causes 1. In February 1917 there were shortages of bread in Petrograd and prices were very high. 2. Tsar Nicholas II was weak and did not keep his promises. 3. The effects of the First World War on the Russian army. 4. In Russia there were big differences between rich and poor. 5. The Russian Parliament (the Duma), which was set up in 1906, was not given any real power. The Tsar still ruled as an autocrat (like a dictator).

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Russian Revolutions

What caused the Russian civil war?

The imbalance, which was caused by aristocracy in a shortest form. Not really differ from French Revolution in causes. The difference between those two is French was made by burgoise against aristocracy, in Russia it was farmers, villagers, countrymen etc.

The Russian Civil War must be distinguished from the Russian Revolutions of 1917. They are not the same; therefore their causes are not the same. The Civil War was caused because Lenin and his Bolsheviks took over the government from the Russian Provisional Government and announced that they were now in power. The Bolshevik party did not represent the population of Russia. Many people, including some members of the military, the former government and aristocracy were unhappy with the Bolshevik take over because they did not agree with all of its principles. A large portion of this opposition consisted of the Russian Army under the leadership of generals who were opposed to the Bolsheviks.

The Bolsheviks did not have a legitimate claim to the right to govern, because they were a small proportion of the populace; therefore many people opposed their take over. This opposition coalesced into a force determined to oust the Bolsheviks and return the government to the Provisional Government. Lenin had created an armed force called the Red Guard, which became the Red Army. The opposition forces became known as the White Army and White Russians. The two sides could never come to an agreement on which side should rule and the Russian Civil War was on.

777879
History of Russia
Vladimir Lenin
Russian Revolutions

What was Leon Trotsky's role in the Russian Revolution?

That depends which one of Russia's revolutions you're talking about in 1917. He didn't play a significant role in the first one, which was a revolution of the people, but in the second, the November revolution, I believe he played a significant role as he was in charge of the Red Guard, the MRC, and was also the 'leader' of the Petrograd Soviet, which gave him authority and power over a group of people who ultimately revolted on his and Lenin's order.

Some believe that Trotsky didn't do much; however, that was just propaganda Stalin spread in order to make himself look better.

Trotsky in Russian RevolutionTrotsky was head of the Red Army, for one thing.

trotsky played a vital role in the build up of revolutionary concepts within Russia during 1917, following his return from exile in May 1917. He joined the Bolshevik party in July that year, and participated along with Lenin in the failed uprising of his party in the same month. As a result of his failed efforts, he was imprisoned by the Kerensky government, but was released in September in order to maintain his role within the September uprising of the Bolshevik's. In November he was appointed by Lenin as peoples comissioner for foreign affairs, where he played out the rest of his year in the heavily influential position appointed to him.

454647
World War 1
History of Russia
Vladimir Lenin
Russian Revolutions

The Russian Revolution was started by?

women who were angry because there was no bread

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American Revolution
French Revolution
Russian Revolutions

A study of the causes of revolution in America in 1776 in France in 1789 and in Russia in 1917 supports the generalization that revolution is most likely to occur when?

Revolutions are most likely to occur when the majority of a nation's population is disatisfied with its governing body. It occurs more frequently when the people who support radical change have the money, manpower, and weapons to fufill their beliefs.

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War and Military History
Russian Revolutions

What was Germany's role in the Russian Revolution?

During the February Revolution, Vladimir Lenin had been living in exile in Switzerland. Though historians disagree about specifics, they concur that the government of Germanydeliberately facilitated Lenin's return to his homeland in the spring of 1917. Without question, the German leadership did so with the intent of destabilizing Russia. The Germans provided Lenin with a guarded train that took him as far as the Baltic coast, from which he traveled by boat to Sweden, then on to Russia by train. There is also evidence that Germany funded the Bolshevik Party, though historians disagree over how much money they actually contributed.

697071
Founding Fathers
American Revolution
Russian Revolutions

Aside from the obvious issue of liberation what were the founding fathers main ideological aims post revolution?

The main aims of the founders, post revolution were to set up a system of government that would allow wealthy white land owners like themselves to continue to prosper. Of course, the establishment of such a government would help Americans at all levels to some degree, and such a government would also allow for more direct input and control by the people. Or at least certain groups of people. It has, however, worked out remarkably well.

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Russian Revolutions

Who was the Czar at the time of the Russian Revolution?

Alecs

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