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What is collision?

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2012-03-05 17:20:33
2012-03-05 17:20:33

A collision is an isolated event in which two or more moving bodies (colliding bodies) exert forces on each other for a relatively short time.

Although the most common colloquial use of the word "collision" refers to accidents in which two or more objects collide, the scientific use of the word "collision" implies nothing about the magnitude of the forces.

Types of collisionsA perfectly elastic collision is defined as one in which there is no loss of kinetic energy in the collision. In reality, any macroscopic collision between objects will convert some kinetic energy to internal energy and other forms of energy, so no large scale impacts are perfectly elastic. However, some problems are sufficiently close to perfectly elastic that they can be approximated as such.

An inelastic collision is one in which part of the kinetic energy is changed to some other form of energy in the collision. Momentum is conserved in inelastic collisions (as it is for elastic collisions), but one cannot track the kinetic energy through the collision since some of it is converted to other forms of energy.

Collisions in ideal gases approach perfectly elastic collisions, as do scattering interactions of sub-atomic particles which are deflected by the electromagnetic force. Some large-scale interactions like the slingshot type gravitational interactions between satellites and planets are perfectly elastic.

Collisions between hard spheres may be nearly elastic, so it is useful to calculate the limiting case of an elastic collision. The assumption of conservation of momentum as well as the conservation of kinetic energy makes possible the calculation of the final velocities in two-body collisions.

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No loss in energy due to collision is for elastic collision. But there will be a loss during collision in case of in-elastic collision. So KE will remain constant before and after collision in case of elastic collision.

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There are three stages of a collision. These include the vehicle collision, the human collision, as well as the internal collision.

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Wrong. Collision with an animal is considered a comprehensive loss. Collision with an animal is considered an exception to the definition of collision.AnswerCollision

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Elastic collision is a type of collision whereby the total kinetic energy of the various bodies involved in collision after the collision, equals their total kinetic energy right before the collision.

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In an elastic collision, no kinetic energy is lost, and the relative speed of separation of the objects after the collision is the same as the relative speed before the collision. In an inelastic collision, part of the elastic energy is lost, and the relative speed after the collision is less.


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