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What is difference between Abstract Class and Interface?

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2008-08-06 05:07:17
2008-08-06 05:07:17

All the methods declared inside an Interface are abstract. Where as abstract class must have at least one abstract method and others may be concrete or abstract. In Interface we need not use the keyword abstract for the methods.

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If a class has one abstract method ,the class has to be an abstract class.Methods can be implemented in abstract class.Whereas a interface is like a abstract class...the only difference being that the methods are never implemented in Interface.

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Some difference between an interface and an abstract class are: a. All variables in an interface are public, static and final but that is not the case in abstract classes b. An abstract class can have both abstract and concrete methods but an interface cannot have concrete methods c. An abstract class can extend other classes and implement interfaces, while an interface can only extend other interfaces.

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The difference are:An abstract class can have methods that actually have code inside them whereas an Interface cannot (An Interface can be thought of as a 100% pure abstract class)All variables in an Interface are public, static, final whereas that is not the case in Abstract classes

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An interface can only have abstract methods or constants in it. A class can have both that and everything else in Java.

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A more prcise description of difference is as follows.... an interface is a specification of a set of methods that the implementation class must adhere to, while an abstract class is indeed an implementation class albeit a class that is not concrete, i.e., one cannot directly instantiate an abstract class.

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In general, the differences are that interface has(1) no fields and(2) no implementation of methodsbut in UML interface may have features (fields), so the difference left is that interface in UML has no implemented methods while abstract class by definition is partially implemented class.

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Abstract class is to define "IS_A..." Interface is to define "Behave like ..." (not necessary to be a ...") An abstract class if with all public abstract methods may look just like an interface. An abstract class may also provide some implementation of those APIs (public methods), while an interface is to decouple (separate) the intend from the implementation

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Some differences are:An abstract class can have code for one or more methods but an interface cannotAll variables in an interface are public static and final but in an abstract class it is notAbstract classes are faster than interfaces

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We can't instantiate both interfaces and abstract classes.The only one difference between them is that an interface can't contain concrete(fully defined) methods where as an abstract class may contain them.An abstract class not necessarily contain abstract methods. we can make a class as abstract class even it does not has any abstract methods.When there is a need to write both abstract and concrete methods in a single unit we have to use an abstract class instead of an interface since an interface cant contain concrete methods.All the fields(or properties) of an interface are by default 'static final' even when you don't mention explicitly. And all methods are 'public abstract'.But in an abstract class we can have any type of fields and methods.

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Below is the main difference between the 3 components:Concrete class - Provides implementation for all its methods & also for methods from extended abstract classes or implemented interfacesAbstract class - Does not provide implementation for one or more of its methodsInterface - Does not provide implementation for any of its methods

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Abstract classes and Interfaces are nearly similar with both having only method declarations and no implementations thereby giving their child classes the flexibility to implement them the way they want. Difference: While an abstract class can have method implementations also, an interface can have only declarations. All methods in an interface are only declared but in an abstract class you can declare as well as implement a few methods also.

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An abstract class can have a combination of abstract methods and normal methods. Interfaces cannot implement any methods themselves, all have to be abstract. Other classes can extend only one class (abstract or not), but can implement as many interfaces as they want.

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An interface is like a 100% abstract class. Only abstract methods can go in an interface. In addition, all methods in an abstract class are public and abstract by default. You "extend" an interface using the keyword implements. You can implement multiple interfaces, but you have to extend only one class. An interface can have only constants. This means no instance variables.As for an abstract class, you can put both abstract and concrete methods in an abstract class. It can have instance variables, but you can only extend one abstract class.Sun recommends using abstract and concrete class extension to signify what a class is, with an example in the following inheritance tree:Object||-Person||-Programmer||-JavaProgrammerAn interface is for signifying what jobs a class can do, like a Message class implementing a Sendable interface. Also, class names should be nouns and interface names should be adjectives, but conventions vary widely among programmers.

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abstract is keyword this is used for define abstract methods and abstract classes.abstract method means if you want define a method with out any body at that time you should define a method with abstract keyword. EX:public abstract int add() { } if you want define a class with abstract method must and should you define a class will be abstract class. Abstract EX:abstract class abc { abstract methods ------------ non abstract methods ---------------- } you can define abstract as well as non abstract methods in abstract class. in normal class you can define only normal methods only. you can't acess the methods which are in the abstract class from the same clss.by child class only you can acess the methods which are in abstract class. if you want to inherit abstract class must and should you have to define abstract methods which are in abstract class. Interface ----------:- interface is also like a clss.in interface you have to define only abstract methods only.you can't define normal methods in interface. EX: interface abc { abstract methods } by inharitance only you can acess the methods what are in the interface through the class.

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Interface defines operations (methods, functions, subroutines) and the signatures of the operations (return data type, arguments and their types). It provides no implementation of those "abstractions". It is basically a "Behave like" a class may extend.Abstract class may have data elements. Operations maybe abstract like the ones in interface, but they may be "virtual" or overridable by derived classes to change the implementation (default behavior). Any derived class of an abstract class is not only "Behave like", they are also "IS_A" (of that abstract class)

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Comparison between an Abstract Class and an Interface:While an abstract class can define both abstract and non-abstract methods, an interface can have only abstract methods. Another way interfaces differ from abstract classes is that interfaces have very little flexibility in how the methods and variables defined in the interface are declared. These rules are strict:

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Comparison between an Abstract Class and an Interface:While an abstract class can define both abstract and non-abstract methods, an interface can have only abstract methods. Another way interfaces differ from abstract classes is that interfaces have very little flexibility in how the methods and variables defined in the interface are declared. These rules are strict:• All interface methods are implicitly public and abstract. In other words, you do not need to actually type the public or abstract modifiers in the method declaration, but the method is still always public and abstract. (You can use any kind of modifiers in the Abstract class)• All variables defined in an interface must be public, static, and final-in other words, interfaces can declare only constants, not instance variables.• Interface methods must not be static.• Because interface methods are abstract, they cannot be marked final, strictfp, or native. (More on these modifiers later.)• An interface can extend one or more other interfaces.• An interface cannot extend anything but another interface.• An interface cannot implement another interface or class.• An interface must be declared with the keyword interface.You must remember that all interface methods are public and abstract regardless of what you see in the interface definition.

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An abstract class is an interface. Ideally, an abstract class should be nothing but interface (no non-static data members).

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Differences:Abstract class can also contain method definitions but an interface can contain only declarationsAll variables in an interface are by default public static and final whereas in Abstract class it is notAn interface can be considered as a pure abstract class that contains no method implementations and contains only declarations.

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An abstract class may contain code in method bodies, which is not allowed in an interface. With abstract classes, you have to inherit your class from it and Java does not allow multiple inheritance. On the other hand, you can implement multiple interfaces in your class. Source: Refer Related Links

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Normal variables or static variables are declared and use in class but abstract class had only static variables. You have declare and define the methods in class. But abstract class only allow for method declaration only. The abstract class like interface.

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No, not directly. You cannot use new operator to create either. However, you may create an instance of derived class from the abstract class, and treat (by casting, for example) as an instance of the abstract class. Similar to an interface: create an object from a class that implements the target interface, then treat that object as an instance of that interface.

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While an abstract class can define both abstract and non-abstract methods, an interface can have only abstract methods. Another way interfaces differ from abstract classes is that interfaces have very little flexibility in how the methods and variables defined in the interface are declared. These rules are strict: • All interface methods are implicitly public and abstract. In other words, you do not need to actually type the public or abstract modifiers in the method declaration, but the method is still always public and abstract. (You can use any kind of modifiers in the Abstract class) • All variables defined in an interface must be public, static, and final-in other words, interfaces can declare only constants, not instance variables. • Interface methods must not be static. • Because interface methods are abstract, they cannot be marked final, strictfp, or native. (More on these modifiers later.) • An interface can extend one or more other interfaces. • An interface cannot extend anything but another interface. • An interface cannot implement another interface or class. • An interface must be declared with the keyword interface. You must remember that all interface methods are public and abstract regardless of what you see in the interface definition.

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An abstract class has at least abstract methods. An interface has only abstract actions. For example, the javax.swing.AbstractAction class has only one abstract method that must be overriden: public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e). The java.awt.event.ActionListener interface has the same method that must be overriden; however, it is its only method. The AbstractAction class is a subclass of the Action class, which implements the ActionListener interface. The AbstractAction class has overriden all but one of the Action class's methods.

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They are very different. An abstract class is a class that represents an abstract concept (google define "abstract" if you're unsure) such as 'Thoughts' or 'BankAccount'. When a class is defined as abstract it cannot be used (directly) to create an object. Abstract classes are used as super-classes so that all of their subclasses inherit all methods. Interfaces can be thought of as contracts with all of their implementing classes. They simply require all implementing classes to have methods with the same signature as that defined in the interface, but such methods can behave as appropriate. Hope that helps :)


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