Conditions and Diseases

What is mastoiditis?


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2006-09-04 23:27:53
2006-09-04 23:27:53

Mastoiditis is an infection of the mastoid bone of the skull. Causes, incidence, and risk factors Mastoiditis is usually a consequence of a middle ear infection (acute otitis media). The infection may spread from the ear to the mastoid bone of the skull. The mastoid bone fills with infected materials and its honeycomb-like structure may deteriorate. Mastoiditis most commonly affects children. Before antibiotics, mastoiditis was one of the leading causes of death in children. Now it is a relatively uncommon and much less dangerous disorder. Symptoms * ear pain or discomfort o earache o pain behind the ear * redness of the ear or behind the ear * fever, may be high or spike (have sudden high increases) * headache * drainage from the ear Signs and tests An examination of the head may indicate mastoiditis. A skull X-ray or head CT scan or CT of the ear may show an abnormality in the mastoid bone. A culture of drainage from the ear may show bacteria. Treatment Mastoiditis may be difficult to treat because it is difficult for medications to reach deep enough into the mastoid bone. It may require repeated or long-term treatment. Antibiotics by injection, then antibiotics by mouth are given to treat the infection. Surgery to remove part of the bone and drain the mastoid (mastoidectomy) may be needed if antibiotic therapy is not successful. Surgical drainage of the middle ear through the eardrum (myringotomy) may be needed to treat the underlying middle ear infection. Expectations (prognosis) Mastoiditis is curable with treatment but may be hard to treat and may recur. Complications * recurrence * partial or complete hearing loss of the affected ear * destruction of the mastoid bone * facial paralysis * meningitis * spread of infection to the brain or throughout the body * epidural abscess Calling your health care provider Call your health care provider if symptoms indicate mastoiditis. Call for an appointment with your health care provider if a known ear infection does not respond to treatment or is followed by new symptoms, or if symptoms do not respond to treatment. Prevention Prompt and complete treatment of ear infections reduces the risk of developing mastoiditis.


Related Questions

What is mastoiditis?!Why would you need to know that!

Mastoiditis can cause hearing loss which may result in tinnitus.

It is an inflammation of the middle ear

Symptoms of mastoiditis may at first be the same as symptoms of an early middle ear infection.

Mastoiditis may occur due to the progression of an untreated, or undertreated, middle ear infection.

Not directly. Mastoiditis is an infection normally affecting the bone. Epilepsy is a physical condition from the brain. It is possible for someone to have both, but that is not to say they have epilepsy because of their mastoiditis. Anything that can damage the brain could in turn cause seizures as a result of that damage. Mastoiditis can cause an infection in the brain, but nowadays it is a condition that is well controlled and easy to cure, so it rarely causes any major problems.

You might be having mumps or mastoiditis.

Yes, I do think it could be passed on. I'm 73 and found out last year that I have it. My mom just had a brain ct, because she fell and hit her forhead, and the report said that she has mastoiditis. She is 103 years old and lives with me. Charlotte

It is almost always associated with otitis media, an infection of the middle ear.

My grandmother is reported to have died in 1926 of an infection of the mastoid bone. She lived in rural Missouri.

Yes, because I was affected by it and suffered from it terribly. I was just lucky as I was on the brink of death...

Absolutely! Mastoiditis is an inflammation of the mastoid bone directly caused by infections of the middle ear.

Identification of the causative organism guides the practitioner's choice of antibiotic.

If there is any fluid draining from the ear or mastoid, this can be collected and processed in a laboratory to allow identification of the causative organism.

The area behind the ear will appear red and swollen, and will be very sore. There may be drainage of pus from the infected ear. Fever is common.

If there is no fluid available, a tiny needle can be used to obtain a sample of the fluid which has accumulated behind the eardrum.

Otitis mediaOtitis externaMastoiditisImpacted cerumen (ear wax)OtosclerosisSensorineural deafnessMotion sicknessMeniere's Disease

Otitis mediaOtitis externaMastoiditisImpacted cerumen (ear wax)OtosclerosisSensorineural deafnessPresbycusisMotion sicknessMeniere's Disease

It is in the bone while the sinus infection is only in the tissues. Being in the bone it has more potential to spread and it causes more damage.

These include an infection of the tissues covering the brain and spinal cord (meningitis ), a pocket of infection within the brain (abscess), or an abscess within the muscles of the neck.

A computed tomography scan (CT scan) will show inflammation and fluid within the airspaces of the mastoid, as well as the erosion of the little walls of bone that should separate the air spaces.

Francis II (in French, "François II") died on the 5 december, 1560, from illness. He suffered unbearable pain at the ear and it is assumed that the disease was mastoiditis, or meningitis, or what is called acute bacterial otitis media.

A small, painless bump behind the ear of a child can be many different things. Some causes of this include mastoiditis, dermatitis, swollen lymph nodes, sebaceous cysts, cancers, and parasitic infections.

Harold F. Schuknecht has written: 'Stereoscopic atlas of mastoidotympanoplastic surgery' -- subject(s): Atlases, Mastoiditis, Otitis media, Surgery, Tympanoplasty 'Mondini dysplasia' -- subject(s): Abnormalities, Labyrinth (Ear) 'Second Louis H. Clerf lecture, vestibular neuritis' -- subject(s): Diseases, Neuritis, Vertigo, Vestibular apparatus 'Cochlear pathology in presbycusis' -- subject(s): Cochlea, Pathophysiology, Presbycusis

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