What is ovarian cancer and how are women with ovarian cancer different from those without it?
Women with Ovarian cancer are different from Women without it because Women without it are not sick or potentially dying & are not fighting a potentially life threatening disease. Ovarian cancer is cancer of the Ovaries in a Woman.
Asked in Ovarian Cancer
How would you know if you have ovarian cancer?
Asked in Chemotherapy
What is Ovarian Cancer How can it be treated?
Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that affects a woman's ovaries. This cancer may develop in one or both ovaries. If this condition is left untreated, it can spread to the body's other organs and cause numerous other health problems. What causes ovarian cancer? Health experts have not been able to pinpoint the exact cause of ovarian cancer. However, they have identified factors that can increase a woman's risk of developing this condition. A genetic mutation can cause a woman to develop ovarian cancer. Those who have a family history of ovarian cancer are more likely to develop it themselves. Additionally, women who have never had children are also at an increased risk of developing ovarian cancer. What are some of the symptoms of ovarian cancer? Back pain, lethargy, diarrhea, gas and nausea are some of the symptoms of ovarian cancer. These symptoms are commonly attributed to other conditions, which is why ovarian cancer often goes undiagnosed. Women who notice any strange symptoms and suspect that they may have ovarian cancer should consult with their doctors immediately. What are some of the ovarian cancer treatment? The ovarian cancer treatment that the doctor prescribes depends on the stage the cancer is in. If the cancer is diagnosed early enough, the doctor may remove the affected ovary. It still possible for a woman to conceive a child with one ovary. If the cancer has spread, the doctor may have to remove both ovaries, the fallopian tubes, uterus and parts of the stomach. Many patients will have to be treated with chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is a type of treatment that uses drugs to stop the cancerous cells from growing in the body. Can ovarian cancer be prevented? Doctors do not know exactly what causes ovarian cancer so there is no sure-fire way to prevent. However, there has been evidence to suggest that taking birth control pills can reduce the risk of developing this condition.
Asked in Hysterectomy
Frequently Asked Questions About Ovarian Cancer ?
Ovarian cancer is the seventh most common form of cancer in women in the United States. According to the American Cancer Society, approximately 21,990 new cases of ovarian cancer were diagnosed in 2011, and an average of 15,460 women in the United States will die from ovarian cancer. Learning about ovarian cancer, its symptoms, and treatments, can help women get an early diagnosis. Is there a way to prevent ovarian cancer? At this time, there is no way to prevent ovarian cancer from forming. There are several things that a women can do to lower her risk of developing the condition. Taking oral contraceptives can reduce the risk of developing ovarian cancer by nearly 50 percent if taken for at least 5 years. Pregnancy and breast-feeding also reduces the risk. Other factors that reduce the risk of ovarian cancer include tubal ligation, hysterectomy, and prophylactic oophorectomy (removal of the ovaries). Does ovarian cancer show symptoms during its early stages? Symptoms of ovarian cancer can be hard to distinguish from other conditions, and can commonly mimic non-gynecologic conditions. Many women have stated that they had symptoms from their ovarian cancer, even in the earlier stages. These symptoms included: abdominal discomfort or bloating, pelvic pain, urgent need to urinate, persistent gas, nausea, indigestion, unexplained weight loss or gain or changes in bowel habits, loss of appetite, feeling full during or quickly after a meal, lack of energy, pain during intercourse, shortness of breath, or lower back pain. Who is at risk for ovarian cancer? The exact cause of ovarian cancer is not certain, but studies have shown several factors that may increase a woman's chance of developing the condition. Woman with a family history of ovarian cancer, especially among first-degree relatives, have an increased risk. Ovarian cancer also increases its risk as the woman becomes older. Most cases occur in women over the age of 50. Women who have never had children are more likely to develop ovarian cancer. Those who use fertility drugs or have had hormone replacement therapy are also at risk, although this is somewhat controversial.
Asked in Medical Terminology
What are Some of the Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer?
What is ovarian cancer? Ovarian cancer is a condition that occurs when the cells in the ovary began to grow and divide abnormally. Doctors have not been able to determine the exact cause ovarian cancer. However, they have found that family history seems to play a role in the development of this condition. Women who have never had children are also at an increased risk for developing ovarian cancer. What are some of the symptoms of ovarian cancer? Ovarian cancer is sometimes hard to diagnose because most women do not show any symptoms until they are in the advanced stage. If a woman does have symptoms, she will most likely experience abdominal pain, bloating, back pain, indigestion and fatigue. Those symptoms are commonly attributed to minor illnesses. How can ovarian cancer be treated? A doctor will usually elect to perform surgery that removes the ovaries, fallopian tubes and the uterus. If a woman is diagnosed with ovarian cancer at a young age, the surgeon may only remove one fallopian tube and ovary. It is possible to conceive a child with one ovary and fallopian tube. Most women will have to go through chemotherapy after surgery to keep the cancer from coming back. Additionally, a doctor may also elect to perform chemotherapy is a woman is found to be in the advanced stages of ovarian cancer. How can ovarian cancer be prevented? Because doctors do not know exactly what causes ovarian cancer, there really is not anything that can be done to prevent it. However, there has been evidence to suggest that women who take birth control pills have a reduced risk of developing ovarian cancer. Women who have a family history of this condition may want to consider talking to their doctor. A doctor can help determine a patient's risk of developing ovarian cancer. Many women who are at a high risk for developing cancer elect to have their ovaries removed.
Know What to Look Out For in Ovarian Cancer?
Ovarian cancer, a killer of women young and old, can be difficult to diagnose. You'll have to keep a close eye on your symptoms and report to your doctor any problems you are experiencing. Even when you experience a few symptoms indicative of ovarian cancer, you can't be certain without further testing, as many of the symptoms can indicate another condition, such as digestive issues. Arm yourself with the knowledge of ovarian cancer symptoms and you will empower yourself to take charge of your health. Signs and Symptoms Ovarian cancer is thought to be a "silent killer" because it is often not diagnosed until it is too late for treatment. That's why you need to be on top of your symptoms and visit your doctor with any concerns. A feeling of constantly feeling bloated, coupled with stomach or pelvis pain, could make up a couple of the warning signs of ovarian cancer. Other symptoms include a sensation of being "full" quickly after eating, as well as your clothing fitting snugly all of a sudden. Frequency or urge of urination is another potential sign. Are you tired all the time? Do you suffer from back pain? Have you experienced changes in menstruation, constipation, or pain during sex? These signs could point to ovarian cancer, but they could also be unrelated if you only have a few of the above symptoms. Sometimes ovarian cancer symptoms can sound just like those associated with digestive problems, for instance, which is why further testing will be needed. One big reason to visit your doctor is if you have a family history of ovarian cancer or even breast cancer, which can up your risks associated with developing the cancer sometime in your life. Calling Your Doctor It's time to call your physician when you have steadily experienced some or all of these symptoms. Your primary care physician can refer you to an internist, gynecologist or obstetrician to further discuss your risk for ovarian cancer and test you for it. If you do indeed have ovarian cancer, determined and confirmed through extensive testing, a gynecologic oncologist or a medical oncologist can help you manage your treatment plan and care for your overall health.
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What a some current clinical trial services in Ontario?
Symptoms that Indicate Ovarian Cancer?
If you have a family history of ovarian cancer, you may be curious to know what the signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer are. This type of cancer can be very hard to diagnose, as symptoms of this deadly disease can mirror those of other conditions, such as digestive issues. However, with the help of your doctor, you can be on the lookout for ovarian cancer symptoms. Be Proactive Be aware of the many ovarian cancer symptoms, but keep in mind that many symptoms that may indicate ovarian cancer may also be markers for other conditions. So, be proactive in your health analysis but always consult with your doctor on any symptoms you may be experiencing for an official diagnosis. Pressure in the abdomen, along with bloating or swelling, could be an indication of ovarian cancer. You may also experience discomfort in your pelvic area; indigestion, gas or nausea that just won't go away; constipation; no energy; and lower back pain. In addition, if you have no appetite when you previous loved eating food, if your clothes are fitting tighter around your waist and you feel full quickly after eating, talk to your doctor. Any changes in your bladder habits, such as having to urinate on a more frequent basis than usual, could also point to possible ovarian cancer. Consult with Your Physician It's important to note that if you experience just one or two of these symptoms, these alone shouldn't cause panic. That's why its wise to visit with your doctor and notify her of your symptoms. Your doctor will likely recommend lab testing to determine if it is indeed cancer or another condition. You may have increased cause for concern if you have a family history of ovarian cancer, so speaking with your physician about your risk of this type of cancer may help put your fears at ease. It may also help you be proactive and alert to possible ovarian cancer symptoms should they arise in the future. You may also get a referral to meet with a genetic counselor to get tested for gene mutations that may show an increased chance for ovarian cancer.
Understanding Ovarian Cancer?
Ovarian cancer is a condition that occurs when the cells inside of the ovaries begin to grow and divide abnormally. The cancer can affect one or both ovaries. The ovaries are responsible for producing eggs. They also produce progesterone, estrogen and small amounts of testosterone. In many cases, this condition goes undetected until it spreads to the abdomen and pelvis. Ovarian cancer is much more difficult to treat in the later stages, and it is often fatal. Symptoms Of Ovarian Cancer Many people who have ovarian cancer do not notice any signs and symptoms initially. Women who do experience symptoms are likely to experience the following: abdominal pressure, low back pain, pelvic discomfort, bloating, weight gain and fatigue. Those symptoms can easily mimic other conditions. Causes The exact causes of ovarian cancer are not clear. However, there are some factors that have been shown to increase the risk of ovarian cancer. A genetic mutation can possibly lead to ovarian cancer. Women who have a family history of ovarian cancer are more likely to develop it themselves. Ovarian cancer can develop at any age, but it is much more common in women who have gone through menopause. Women who have had breast, cervical or colon cancer are more likely to develop ovarian cancer. Furthermore, women who have never been pregnant are more likely to develop ovarian cancer. Treatment Surgery and chemotherapy are usually the treatments that are recommended for ovarian cancer. Surgery for ovarian cancer is usually extensive. The ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterus will most likely be removed. If the cancer is diagnosed in the early stage, then the doctor may only remove one ovary and fallopian tube. A woman can possibly get pregnant with one ovary. Chemotherapy involves using drugs to destroy the cancer cells. The drugs are administered intravenously or injected into the abdominal cavity. Both of these methods may be used. Prevention There is nothing that can done to prevent ovarian cancer. The best thing that women can do is discuss the possible risk factors with their doctors.
Asked in Hysterectomy
What is the cause of hysterectomy bilater salpingo-oopherectomy?
There are many reasons for this operation but it is usually done to treat ovarian cancer.The ovaries are removed and also fallopian tubes are removed as it has been shown in recent studies that some cancers start there as well. The cervix is removed for cervical cancer and the uterus for uterine cancer. Some women choose to have this operation if they are at high risk of ovarian cancer especially those with BRCA 1 and " heredity genes or strong familial links to ovarian and breast cancer. A unilateral salpingo oopherectomy may be dome for ectopic pregancy where the egg matures in the fallopian tube.
Identifying the Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer?
Accounting for 4% of cancers in women, ovarian cancer produces a myriad of symptoms, but it is often very difficult to diagnose because its vague symptoms mimic a multitude of other diseases and conditions. Ovarian cancers are malignant tumors that begin at the ovaries. Over time, the tumors grow and cause distension of the abdomen and the other uncomfortable digestive and urinary symptoms. If a tumor ruptures, a woman may experience severe pain and an unusual discharge of blood. Once ovarian cancer has spread throughout the abdomen, it is extremely difficult to treat, so doctors recommend that women be aware of any changes in their bodies and seek professional help early if they begin to experience any of the symptoms of this deadly disease. Commonly, ovarian cancer causes abdominal bloating and pressure. Indigestion and nausea are other typical signs of the disease. Frequent constipation, pelvic pain, and other digestive issues are additional inconclusive symptoms of ovarian cancer. These symptoms, along with complete appetite loss or an uncomfortable overly full feeling after eating have led many women down the path of trying to find methods to improve their digestive health instead of to a diagnosis of ovarian cancer. Additional symptoms of ovarian cancer include persistent fatigue, a change in the frequency of urination, and lower back pain. Women with a family history of breast or ovarian cancer who are experiencing any of the symptoms above are advised to talk to their doctor about the possibility of ovarian cancer. Genetic testing is an option to assess a woman's unique propensity for developing the disease. Hereditary mutations in specific genes have been identified and linked with certain forms of ovarian cancer. Infertile women, older women that have not had children, women with endometriosis, and those on estrogen replacement therapy have an increased risk of developing the disease. Unfortunately, at this time, no accurate screening test exists for ovarian cancer, but researchers are diligently seeking to develop one. Even ultrasounds, CT scans, and blood tests are unreliable indicators of ovarian cancer, and their results have caused many women to undergo unproductive surgical procedures. Often, women with symptoms of ovarian cancer must show a high level of persistence to receive an accurate diagnosis, seeking second and even third opinions before finding out the truth.
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What are the health benefits for drinking green tea?
Asked in Women's Health
What type of cancer does a pap smear test for?
A pap smear is a screening test for cervical cancer. It can't diagnose cancer, but can determine which women need further testing. Occasionally, the pap smear can happen to find signs of endometrial cancer (cancer of the uterine lining), but a normal test doesn't eliminate the possibility of endometrial cancer. The Pap smear process can also check for cancer of the vagina or anal cancer, but it is used for those purposes only in specific circumstances. A pap smear does not check for ovarian cancer.
Learning About Ovarian Cancer?
Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer deaths and the deadliest gynecologic cancer in the United States. It often goes undetected as its symptoms are similar to those of other ailments. There is no test designed for early detection, unlike how a pap smear is used for early detection of cervical cancer. In 85% of cases, the cancer isn't detected until it's spread beyond the ovaries. Symptoms Symptoms of ovarian cancer do exist, but they are often vague and not seen as anything serious. They often are seen as symptomatic of digestive disorders. Common symptoms are: Abdominal pressure, swelling, bloating, or fullness Pelvic pain or discomfort Low back pain Persistent indigestion, nausea, or gas Changes in bowel habits Loss of appetite Lack of energy Increase in abdomen size, especially at the waist Diagnosis There are several ways to diagnose ovarian cancer, including a pelvic exam, ultrasound, and surgery to remove tissue samples for a biopsy. There is also the CA 125 blood test, which measures the levels of a protein found on the surface of ovarian cancer cells. This test is often not used as women in the early stages of ovarian cancer tend to have normal levels of CA 125. Treatment Surgery is often used to treat ovarian cancer. It involves either the removal of an ovary and Fallopian tube or a hysterectomy. Any other tissue showing cancerous cells will be removed. Chemotherapy and radiation are other treatments, either on their own or after surgery. Risk Factors Every woman is at risk for developing this cancer. Other factors are older age, never giving birth either by choice or infertility, endometriosis, and a family history of ovarian, breast or colon cancer. Around 10% of cases are due to genetics and there is genetic testing to help determine if you are at risk. Facts and Statistics It is estimated that one in 71 women will develop ovarian cancer in her lifetime. Only 19% of cases are detected early. It is also estimated that there will be over 22,000 new diagnoses in 2013 and nearly 14,000 deaths. The 5-year survival rate is over 90%. There is currently research being done by the National Cancer Institute to find early detection methods and ways to prevent this cancer. Considering 3% of cancer in women is ovarian in nature, preventing and detecting it is of utmost importance.
Asked in Genetics
Are there many different types of cancer cells?
There are many different types of cancers, and they can affect any organ in the body. The most common cancers that affect men are prostate cancer, lung cancer, and colon cancer. The most common three that affect women are breast cancer, colon cancer, and lung cancer. There are many other types than those though.
Asked in Cancer, Breast Cancer
What are the available treatments for breast cancer therapy?
There are two different types of therapy available for those with breast cancer. Hormone Therapy is a cancer treatment that removes hormones and stops cancer cells from continuing to grow in most patients. Targeted Therapy is the second kind of treatment available. This therapy uses an array of drugs and other substances to attack cancer cells without harming normal cells within the body. One type of inhibitor is called a PARP inhibitor for those women with triple-negative breast cancer, and it is currently being studied as a targeted therapy remedy.
Asked in Conditions and Diseases, Cancer
Can you smoke and not get cancer?
Yes. But smoking is the largest cause of cancer nearly everywhere in the world, for instance everyone knows it causes lung cancer, but not everyone knows lung cancer has one of the lowest survival rates of all cancers. Smoking increases the risk of many different cancers including mouth, larynx (voicebox), pharynx (upper throat), nose and sinus, oesphagus (foodpipe), liver, pancreas, stomach, kidney, bladder, cervix, bowel, as well as a type of ovarian cancer, some types of leukaemia and some evidence says breast cancer too. The good news is you can prevent any of those cancers by quitting early.
The Importance of Recognizing Ovarian Cancer Early?
Cancer of the ovaries is a problem for many women. This form of cancer can develop either on the inside or outside the ovaries, though the outside lining is the most common location. In some cases it may also develop in other cells of the ovaries, such as those that produce the eggs or certain hormone-producing cells. If left unchecked, ovarian cancer can spread to other areas of the pelvis and abdomen and become even more life-threatening. Causes of Ovarian Cancer Heredity is one of the primary factors in who develops ovarian cancer. Women with a family history of the disease should have regular check-ups to ensure that if it occurs they can catch it early. A history of other forms of cancer increases risk as well. Also, the older that a woman gets, the more likely they are to develop problems, especially if they have never before been pregnant. Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer Symptoms often start suddenly and will be persistent. They will occur almost every day and one may find that there is no apparent way to alleviate them. Common indicators of the possibility of ovarian cancer consist of: Abdominal pressure, swelling or bloating. Discomfort or pain in the pelvis and belly. Constipation. Continuous indigestion, nausea and gas. Frequent urination. Constant fatigue. Loss of appetite or quickly getting full. Pain in the lower back. Painful intercourse. Changes in one's menstrual cycle. Symptoms will tend to get worse over time, though many of them may signal that there are other problems. Other, more-common issues, such as problems with the digestive tract or bladder, can produce similar symptoms. This makes detecting the cancer sometimes difficult. In some cases, symptoms do not appear at all during the early stages of the cancer. If symptoms appear and persist for more than two weeks, it is essential to get diagnosed. Treatments for Ovarian Cancer The most common treatment option for this disease is surgery, which is often accompanied by chemotherapy. Surgery consists of removing the ovaries, along with the fallopian tubes, uterus and lymph nodes in the area. Not all this may be required, however, if the cancer is detected early. If one waits too long, the cancer may spread and require further treatment. It is essential to diagnose cancer of the ovaries as soon as possible. Those who have higher risks should be vigilant in maintaining regular check-ups. Cancer not found early enough will get out of control and becoming a serious threat to one's life.
Asked in Chemotherapy
Identifying and Treating Ovarian Tumors?
Ovarian cancer is rated has the fifth most common cancer in women and is the deadliest amongst reproduction cancers in females. Unfortunately, this type of cancer may go undetected due to its non-specific symptoms which may contribute to its mortality rate. The causes of ovarian cancer are unknown and may be due to a family history of cancer as well as life style choices. It is noted that women that give birth to several children while younger are at less of a risk of developing the disease as well as those who use prescription methods for birth control such as the pill for an extended period of time. However, women who are medication for estrogen replacement only may be at a higher risk. Ovarian cancer is most common in women 55 years of age or older. The symptoms of ovarian cancer can easily be misdiagnosed for other conditions and include bloating, abdominal pain, abnormal menstruation, indigestion, lack of appetite and other gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea. A woman may also experience unusual vaginal bleeding not related to a menstrual cycle, back pain, abdominal swelling and weight gain. Ovarian tumors may be discovered during a routine pelvic exam by a gynecologist, but this cannot be a reliable diagnosis as the growths felt may also be cysts. The doctor may recommend an ultrasound to further testing. A blood test known has CA 125 may alert physicians to the possibility of ovarian cancer as it tests for a protein typically found on malignant cells. However, this test is not regularly accurate and may give false negatives. An oncologist may recommend surgery and chemotherapy for the treatment of ovarian cancer. Often the surgeon will recommend a complete hysterectomy and surrounding lymph nodes to reduce the risk of the cancer spreading. If the cancer was found at its earliest stage, such extensive surgery may not be necessary, possibly allowing the patient to conceive a child in the future. Chemotherapy may be administered before the surgery should the oncologist wish to shrink the tumors beforehand and will almost always follow the procedure. Chemotherapy works by destroying all fast growing cells such as cancer. Unfortunately, other fast growing cells in the stomach and around hair follicles may also be affected and might lead to the treatment's notorious side effects.
Asked in Ovarian Cancer
Symptoms of ovarian cancer?
Unfortunately ovarian cancer often times goes unnoticed until it's in the later stages of the disease because of the lack of symptoms. This type of cancer has been called the "silent killer" because by the time symptoms actually occur, the cancer has spread into other parts of the body, making it harder to cure. It has the highest death rate among cancers of the female reproductive tract. Ovarian cancer does show signs, it's just often times very late in the staging before they are noticeable. Because of their vagueness sometimes these symptoms can be confused with other conditions by both patient and doctor. Abnormal menstrual cycles is often a complaint. These abnormalities include variations in the cycle - longer, heavier periods, spotting between periods and periods with longer spans of time in between. These are caused by hormonal changes caused by cancerous cells on the ovary. Often times women with ovarian cancer complain of urinary problems. Both an increase in urination as well as trouble urinating are possible signs of ovarian cancer. These urinary changes occur because of tumors putting pressure on the ovaries or on the bladder. Pain is another sign that could be related to ovarian cancer and is one that should never be ignored. Pain that is localized in the lower back and lower abdomen that is dull and/or persistent in nature should be discussed with a medical professional. Ovarian cancer is a mass that grows on the ovaries. As this mass grows it puts pressure on the ovarian tissue, which is very sensitive and will cause pain. Other symptoms that are potential warning signs include constipation, weight gain or loss, indigestion, and pain with sexual intercourse. Tests and studies performed by medical experts show that not everyone with these symptoms have ovarian cancer but in fact they are much more likely to show up in women with cancer than those in the general population. It is important to pay attention to signs from our bodies and not to ignore or brush off any feelings that are abn
Asked in Skin Cancer
What is skin cancer most common victims to prey upon?
Asked in Cancer
Is brain cancer the worst cancer?
What is worst is a value judgement and will be different for different people. Some would say that the worst cancer is the one that is killing you. For many women, the worst cancer may be breast cancer, because of how it impacts self-image and relationships with husbands. Some cancers are less readily curable than others and some have no current cures or even treatments. Many would say those are "the worst."