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Business Accounting and Bookkeeping
Financial Statements
Foreign Exchange (Forex)

What is realized and unrealized foreign exchange gain and loss?


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April 26, 2009 6:49PM

The difference resulting from translating a given number of units of one currency into another currency at different exchange rates is Exhcnage Gain loss. Exchange differences arising when monetary items are settled or when monetary items are translated at rates different from those at which they were translated when initially recognised or in previous financial statements are reported in profit or loss in the period, with one exception. [IAS 21.28] The exception is that exchange differences arising on monetary items that form part of the reporting entity's net investment in a foreign operation are recognised, in the consolidated financial statements that include the foreign operation, in a separate component of equity; they will be recognised in profit or loss on disposal of the net investment. [IAS 21.32] If a gain or loss on a non-monetary item is recognised directly in equity (for example, a property revaluation under IAS 16), any foreign exchange component of that gain or loss is also recognised directly in equity. [IAS 21.30] Prior to the 2003 revision of IAS 21, an exchange loss on foreign currency debt used to finance the acquisition of an asset could be added to the carrying amount of the asset if the loss resulted from a severe devaluation of a currency against which there was no practical means of hedging. That option was eliminated in the 2003 revision.