What is the Jewish religious book called?
Jews have a number of religious books. The most important are the Tanakh and Talmud, but there are thousands of Jewish religious books. There is no general title for Jewish Religious Literature.
The Torah is the Five Books of Moses. It is the holiest of Jewish books.
The Tanakh, which is the Hebrew Bible, contains the Torah, the Prophets and the Scriptures. Together, these make up the written law.
The Oral Law was passed down through oral tradition until Rabbi Judah HaNasi felt (1800 years ago) that it might eventually be forgotten. He transcribed it; and it is called the Mishna. The Mishna is expounded upon in the Gemara; and together they make up the Talmud.
To read more about the Tanakh and about the Jewish Holy Books, please see the Related Question below.