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What is the chemistry of alcohol?

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May 02, 2010 4:44PM

An alcohol is an organic molecule containg one or more -OH groups. The hydroxide groups are polar and can form hydrogenbonds with surrounding molecules like water, which makes most alcohols (except for very apolar alcohols) solveable in water. Alcohols are often used in organic chemistry as they can easily be deprotonated for substitution reactions in the formation of more complex molecules, often forming ethers.

Carboxylic acids also contain a hydroxide group but these are situated on the same carbon atom that holds the very polar double bonded oxygen, making them acidic.