What is the difference between Fluorescence and phosphorescence?
Fluorescence is light energy produced by a process where high-energy radiation (such as ultraviolet or X-ray) is absorbed by electrons surrounding an atom and is re-emitted as light energy.
Phosphoresence is light energy produced by a particular type of chemical reaction where the excess chemical energy of the reactants is given off as light energy.
Atoms, molecules, or solids that are excited to high energy levels can decay to lower levels by emitting radiation (emission or luminescence). For atoms excited by a high-temperature energy source this light emission is commonly called atomic or optical emission (see atomic-emission spectroscopy) and for atoms excited with light it is called atomic fluorescence (see atomic-fluorescence spectroscopy). For molecules it is called fluorescence if the transition is between states of the same spin and phosphorescence…