What is the difference between sanitization and sterilization?

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Sanitizing is the process of killing and/or removing bacteria and microbes with chemicals. The effectiveness of sanitizing is determined by the chemical(s) used.
For example: Plain water is an effective neutral sanitizer for removing most microbes from surfaces. However, it is not effective for killing most bacteria or microbes. Alcohol is effective for killing and removing most bacteria and microbes.
Sterilization is the process of killing bacteria and microbes with heat. The effectiveness of sterilization is determined by the level of heat used.
Example: 160°F will kill most all bacteria and microbes that are known to be harmful to human life. However, there are microbes that may withstand temperatures up to 867.2°F. This means that it is impractical to achieve 100% sterilization.

Common Misconceptions
  1. Sanitizing and sterilization are the same. That notion is incorrect. Sanitizing is chemical and sterilization is thermal.
  2. That either process is more or less effective than the other. That notion is incorrect. The effectiveness of sanitizing is determined by the chemical(s) used. And the effectiveness of sterilization is determined by the temperature.
  3. That 100% sanitation and/or sterilization is practical. That notion is incorrect. There is no process that is capable of killing all life on a treated material, leaving the material undamaged and leaving the material safe to use. As someone once said... "If you can find a substance that is resistant to everything you'll find a form of life that wants to eat it or live in it."
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What is the difference between using rubbing alcohol and a hand sanitizer?

The key ingredient in many hand sanitizers is ethanol, as my slightly informed friend below has indicated. There are other ingredients that are also antibacterial, but ethanol is generally the most popular. However, the key ingredient in rubbing alcohol is isopropyl alcohol. This is not the same thi ( Full Answer )

What is the difference between a cold sterilizer and an autoclave?

A cold sterilizer uses various chemicals at room temperature that kill bacteria and spores. An autoclave is a pressure cooker of sorts, and uses hot steam under extreme pressure to kill bacteria and spores. An autoclave is much faster and is considered the state of the art for sterilization. Unfo ( Full Answer )

What is the difference between cleaning and sanitizing?

Answer . cleaning generally means getting rid of clutters, getting rid of dust, making things shiny, or making it pleasant to look at, while sanitizing more often use in hospitals, public health places to get rid of germs that might cause health problems.. Another answer: . Cleaning removes di ( Full Answer )

What is the difference between to sanitize and to disinfect?

To sanatize something is to inactivate or remove microorgansims from equipment and surfaces including their spores. Chemicals, heat, and ionizing radiation can be used for this purpose. To Disinfect is the process of killing microorganisms on surfaces but does not necessarily their spores.

What is the difference between sterile water and distilled water?

Sterile or Sterilized Water - Water that meets the requirements under "Sterility Tests" in the United States Pharmacopeia . Distilled Water - Water that is demineralized by distillation and complies with the requirements for purified water set forth in the United States Pharmacopeia DM ( Full Answer )

What is the difference between pasteurization and sterilization?

The pasteurization is carried out for a prolonged time at around 170°F and is supposed to kill only heat susceptible organisms and their spores, while sterilization works at a temperature of 250°F and is supposed to kill all organisms.

What is the difference between distilled water and sterile water?

V. BARATHI Chennai Distilled water and sterile water are totally different. Water in pristine form, (as in the rain water or water obtained from snow) is called pure water. When water is taken from other sources (that is other than rain water) it may contain salts and other dissolved solids ( Full Answer )

What is the difference between sanitation and cleaning?

Cleaning is a less formal and 'local', As in cleaning the house, the street or a clean smell. Sanitation covers a much wider area of meaning. Such as practical measures for the preservation of public health, the disposal if sewage and solid waste.

What is the difference between sterile distilled water and sterile water?

Sterile distilled water has no microbial contamination and is distilled and and sterile water merely has no microbial contamination. Distillation is the process of separation by heating a liquid until it evaporates and then condensing the steam back into a purer liquid as all contamination remains ( Full Answer )

What is the difference between pasteurized milk and sterilized milk?

Do not know Pasteurized milk is milk which has been heat-treated to kill pathogens which cause disease. Not all pathogens are removed during the pasteurization process, so pasteurized milk is not 100% sterile, but many people consider it to be safer to drink than raw milk which has not been paste ( Full Answer )

What are Differences between dry sterilizer and autoclave sterilizer?

Dry sterilizers are now in most countries considered junk, most health inspection agencies are requiring facilities upgrade to steam autoclaves.Stream autoclaves use the high temperature and steam pressure to kill spores and bacterial growth on all reusable equipment. To ensure the sterilizer is fun ( Full Answer )

What is a difference between detergent and sanitizer?

detergent remove dirt & risidue of products from surface of equipment while sanitizer kill almost microorganisms present on surface. If you know more than please answer.............

What are the differences between pasteurization and sterilization?

Sterilization is used for preventing the spoilage of food. Food is sterilized by exposing it to light temperature of 120 C to 126 C under pressure for 12-90min. Food and other thing are made free from disease causing organism for example bacteria through this process. Milk is pasteurized by heating ( Full Answer )

Difference between sterilization and disinfection?

disinfectant gets most of the viruses and bacteria off of something, while complete sterilization is there is absolutely NOTHING on that object. period. it is generally for surgical use that people sterilize rather than disinfect!

What is the difference between sterilize and disinfect?

Disinfection and sterilization are both decontamination processes.Disinfection is the process of eliminating or reducing harmfulmicroorganisms from inanimate objects and surfaces. Sterilizationis the process of killing all microorganisms.

Give the different between clean sanitized?

Cleaning is the process of removing food and other types of soil from a surface, such as a dish, glass, or cutting board. Cleaning is accomplished using a cleaning agent that removes food, soil, rust stains, minerals, or other deposits. The right cleaning agent must be selected because not all can b ( Full Answer )

What is the difference between hygiene and sanitation?

Hygiene and sanitation have very similar meanings. However, hygienerefers to a state of cleanliness, which is related to health,whereas sanitation refers to public plans and policies to maintainhygiene.

What is the difference between PCR clean and sterile?

You may want to double-check this, but I believe PCR-clean simply means that there are no DNases or RNases on the item, but they still could have nucleic acid on them. Essentially there is nothing on them that would interfere with nucleic acid amplification achieved with PCR, but any genetic materia ( Full Answer )

What is the difference between sterile and pyrogen free?

A pyrogen is a bacterium that can produce fever as one of its clinical signs of infection. Sterile means there are no bacteria present on a surface, while pyrogen-free would indicate there are no bacteria present that will cause a fever.

What is the different between cleanliness and sanitation?

Cleanliness is a term used to describe a neat environment without the presence of dirt or bad odor. It can be termed as 'transparency' if traces of filth, dust or dirt has been removed from glass or transparent materials. It is also used to define organization of things. Sanitation is the com ( Full Answer )

What is the difference between whole milk and sterilized milk?

You are talking about 2 different things. Whole milk is milk that has not been "skimmed" or had its milk fat removed. Whole milk contains about 4% milk fat, while reduced-fat milk varieties may contain 1 or 2% milk fat. Skim milk has no milk fat left, and is also called "fat free" milk. Pasteuriza ( Full Answer )

What is the difference between impotence and sterility?

Impotence is the inability of a male to perform the act of intercourse, through either mental, or most likely, biological means. Sterility is the lack of enough viable sperm to impregnate the female. Sterile males usually can perform intercourse, however.

Can hand sanitizer be used to sterilize a burn?

While most hand sanitizers do contain ethyl alcohol, which is a sterilizing agent, hand sanitizer typically contains other ingredients, including fragrances or dyes. Because of these additional ingredients, it is really best to not use hand sanitizer to sterilize a burn, especially if it covers a la ( Full Answer )

Can hand sanitizer make a male sterile?

From what I've heard and from what has been been said recently, there is an ingredient in hand sanitizer that makes males sterile. Hand sanitizer is known to kill bacteria but what is in the sanitizer gets absorbed into the body, which is what causes men to become sterile.

What is the difference between castration and sterilization?

Castration is the removal of the testicles from a male animal or person, which is a form of sterilization because sperm can no longer be produced. Sterilization of a male can be accomplished without castration, for example by vasectomy, which is cutting and cauterizing the tubes that carry sperm fro ( Full Answer )