Like dissolves like. Polar solvents dissolve polar solutes best, and non-polar solvents dissolve non-polar solutes best. Water is a polar molecule, and it therefore dissolves other polar molecules or ionic compounds. Organic solvents are generally not as polar as water or completely non-polar, so things like hydrocarbons, high molar mass alcohols and molecular compounds dissolve best in them.
Also, water can hydrogen bond extremely well, which results in some of its unique properties, such as it's high boiling point (especially for it molar mass) and it's high surface tension. Typically organic solvents have much lower boiling points and a lower surface tension.
It's also worth mentioning that water is completely non-toxic and environmentally benign, whereas most organic solvents are fairly toxic, especially if ingested, and many are carcinogenic.
In general, inorganic compounds will dissolve in polar or inorganic solvents such as water, whereas organic compounds will dissolve in organic solvents. However there are many exceptions to these.
ionic compounds are soluble in water because the forces between water particles are similar in strenght to those in the solids. Not soluble in organic solvents because the forces between organic solvents particles are much weaker (meeker). I hope that answered your question.
The general term is "solvent" There are organic solvents (toluene, acetone, ether, etc), and there are inorganic solvents (water).
Potassium is soluble in water but not in organic solvents.
Sodium chloride is ionic and only dissolves in polar solvents- water is excellent. In non-polar organic solvents such as hydrocarbons it is insoluble but in polar organic solvents it has limited solubility, e.g. in methanol and tetrahydrofuran.
Benzene is only soluble in other organic solvents. It is not soluble in water or other polar solvents.
It is not lipoid, hence soluble in water .
C6H15N Does not look to be soluble in water, but perhaps in organic solvents.
Oil will not dissolve in water but will dissolve in organic solvents.
No, benzene is insoluble in water, but soluble in organic solvents
No because sugar is organic and will dissolve in organic solvents such as achol salt will not.
Sodium chloride is very soluble in water but not in organic solvents.
Benzene is insoluble in water. but it is soluble in other organic solvents.
Chlorophyll is not soluble in water. It is, however, soluble in organic solvents such as ether and benzene.
Solvents are chemical substances that can dissolve, suspend or extract other materials usually without chemically changing either the solvents or the other materials. Solvents can be organic, meaning the solvent contains carbon as part of its makeup, or inorganic, meaning the solvent does not contain carbon. For example, "rubbing" alcohol is an organic solvent and water is an inorganic solvent. Hydrocarbon and oxygenated solvents are examples of types of organic solvents that can effectively dissolve many materials.
water, ethanol, methanol, isopropanol, butanol, kerosene and
Diphenylamine is only slightly soluble in water, but more soluble in polar organic solvents.
Methylbenzene, aka toluene, is not miscible in water. It is miscible in organic solvents such as hexane and acetone.
No. Non-polar molecular compounds are usually not soluble in water. They are soluble in other non-polar solvents such as toluene and other organic solvents.
It is insoluble in water and all organic solvents but soluble in acidic solutions.
carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. They are hydrophobic/insoluble in polar solvents such as water.
Hydrolysis is the reaction of an organic compound with water, whereas dehydration is the removal of water molecules from an organic compound.
Sodium chloride and water are polar compounds. Iodine is soluble in nonpolar organic solvents.
Solvent - Solute interactions can be difficult, and it is safest to reference a table of determined value of Ksp In various solvents, but given that glucoes is extremely soluble in water (a biological molecule) you wanna look for polar organic solvents that are highly miscible in water, such as ethanol, methanol, or acetone, though being highly substituted with multiple oxygens, it will be less soluble in anything with an organic component.