What is the difference between water and organic solvents?
Like dissolves like. Polar solvents dissolve polar solutes best,
and non-polar solvents dissolve non-polar solutes best. Water is a
polar molecule, and it therefore dissolves other polar molecules or
ionic compounds. Organic solvents are generally not as polar as
water or completely non-polar, so things like hydrocarbons, high
molar mass alcohols and molecular compounds dissolve best in
Also, water can hydrogen bond extremely well, which results in some of its unique properties, such as it's high boiling point (especially for it molar mass) and it's high surface tension. Typically organic solvents have much lower boiling points and a lower surface tension.
It's also worth mentioning that water is completely non-toxic and environmentally benign, whereas most organic solvents are fairly toxic, especially if ingested, and many are carcinogenic.
What is the difference in the solubility of organic and inorganic compounds in water and in organic solvents?
Solvents are chemical substances that can dissolve, suspend or extract other materials usually without chemically changing either the solvents or the other materials. Solvents can be organic, meaning the solvent contains carbon as part of its makeup, or inorganic, meaning the solvent does not contain carbon. For example, "rubbing" alcohol is an organic solvent and water is an inorganic solvent. Hydrocarbon and oxygenated solvents are examples of types of organic solvents that can effectively dissolve…
Solvent - Solute interactions can be difficult, and it is safest to reference a table of determined value of Ksp In various solvents, but given that glucoes is extremely soluble in water (a biological molecule) you wanna look for polar organic solvents that are highly miscible in water, such as ethanol, methanol, or acetone, though being highly substituted with multiple oxygens, it will be less soluble in anything with an organic component.
It isn't strictly true, but generally ionic compounds are not highly soluble in organic solvents because ionic compounds need a highly polar solvent to dissolve well (such as water) and in general organic compounds are not as polar as water. Remember, like dissolves like. However, many ionic compounds are very soluble in a variety of organic solvents, just not as much as in water.
Solutes and solvents are the two parts of a solution. In short, the solvent is the material in greater quantity, and the solute is in lesser. The idea is that neither compound will react with the other, but that the solvent will dissolve the solute. In order for this to happen, they must be of like properties: organic solvents for organic solutes, and polar solvents for polar solutes. Examples Solvents: water (polar, inorganic); ethanol (polar…
Carbon is an essential element in all organic compounds while inorganic compounds may or may not contain carbon. Organic compounds do not dissolve in water but dissolve in organic solvents. Most Inorganic compounds dissolve in water but not in organic solvents. Organic compounds have low melting and boiling points. Inorganic compounds have high melting and boiling points. Organic compounds form covalent bonds while inorganic compounds form ionic/electrovalent bonds. Organic compounds have color and odor while…
Small polar organic compounds such as methanol, ethanol, methanoic acid, ethanoic acid, mono or disaccharides will dissolve in polar solvents like water. Large organic molecules or non-polar organic molecules tend to be held together by dispersion forces so they dissolve in non-polar solvents like petroleum distillates or benzene. The body gets around this problem by having many polar sites on complex organic molecules so they can dissolve in our tissue fluid or blood.