CnH2n+1COOH, where n = 0, 1, 2, 3...
Eg. (In IUPAC Nomenclature):
(n = 0) Methanoic acid : HCOOH
(n = 1) Ethanoic acid : CH3COOH
(n = 2) Propanoic acid : C2H5COOH
Carboxylic acids contain an OH group and a double bonded Oxygen atom to one carbon which is attached to any hydrocarbon
the most basic way to show a carboxylic acid is R-----COOH
R stands for some hydrocarbon...
A carboxylic acid is an organic acid. Organic acid is one that has the acid group made from carbon, oxygen and hydrogen.
Carbon has four bonds;
- two bonds to one oxygen and
- one bond to an oxygen with a hydrogen attached
- one bond to the rest of the acid structure.