Organic Chemistry

What is the general formula for carboxylic acid?


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CnH2n+1COOH, where n = 0, 1, 2, 3...

Eg. (In IUPAC Nomenclature):

(n = 0) Methanoic acid : HCOOH

(n = 1) Ethanoic acid : CH3COOH

(n = 2) Propanoic acid : C2H5COOH

Carboxylic acids contain an OH group and a double bonded Oxygen atom to one carbon which is attached to any hydrocarbon

the most basic way to show a carboxylic acid is R-----COOH

R stands for some hydrocarbon...

A carboxylic acid is an organic acid. Organic acid is one that has the acid group made from carbon, oxygen and hydrogen.

Carbon has four bonds;

  1. two bonds to one oxygen and
  2. one bond to an oxygen with a hydrogen attached
  3. one bond to the rest of the acid structure.