What is the impact of Christianity on politics?
The influence of Christianity on politics has varied throughout history but an extraordinary thing about Scripture is how little it has to say about how the State should behave. The reason for this is clear from the following passage of Scripture. "They asked him, 'Teacher, we know that you speak and teach rightly, and show no partiality, but truly teach the way of God. Is it lawful for us to give tribute to Caesar, or not?' But he perceived their craftiness, and said to them, 'Show me a coin. Whose likeness and inscription has it?' They said, 'Caesars' He said to them, 'Then render to Caesar the things that are Caesars, and to God the things that are Gods.' (Luke Ch 20) The things that are Caesar's: It is clear that when God gave us dominion over Creation we are entitled to assume ownership rights to it for our benefit. However, even though Scripture deals comprehensively with individual responsibility, it scrupulously avoids the area of state, corporate and community responsibility even in relation to the Law of Moses except to say that power in this area comes directly from God. Pilate said to Jesus: "You will not speak to me? Do you not know that I have power to release you, and power to crucify you?" Jesus answered him, "You would have no power over me unless it had been given you from above; therefore he who delivered me to you has the greater sin."(John Ch 19). The scribes and the Pharisees brought a woman who had been caught in adultery, and placing her in the midst they said to him, "Teacher, this woman has been caught in the act of adultery. Now in the law Moses commanded us to stone such. What do you say about her?" ……. Jesus bent down and wrote with his finger on the ground. And as they continued to ask him, he stood up and said to them, "Let him who is without sin among you be the first to throw a stone at her." ... But when they heard it, they went away, one by one, beginning with the eldest…" (John Ch 8). The things that are God's: God said "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness." "…God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them" (Genesis Ch 1). "Know that the LORD is God! It is he that made us, and we are his; we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture." (Psalm 100) Scripture therefore makes clear that from the beginning God retained ownership rights in respect of human beings for Himself alone. It follows that it is contrary to God's Law to appropriate to ourselves ownership rights in respect of human beings or the process through which human beings are made or to deny that God made us male and female.