Tracheotomy is the medical term meaning surgical incision into the trachea. A related term, tracheostomy, is surgical creation of an artificial opening into the trachea. The after product (the open wound) is called a stoma
Canaloplasty is the medical term meaning surgical repair of the auditory canal, as in aural atresia. Related terms are meatoplasty (surgical repair of the meatus, or opening, to the canal) and otoplasty (surgical repair of the pinna, or external ear).