What is the oldest civil rights organization in the US?

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The National Association of the Deaf, or NAD, was founded in 1880. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, or NAACP (founded as the National Negro Committee), has made the claim of being the oldest surviving national civil rights organization in the United States. It was established on February 12, 1909 on the centennial of Abraham Lincoln's birth. The National Rifle Association, or NRA, has also begun to lay claim to this designation based on their 1871 founding date. However, while the NRA was founded to "promote and encourage rifle shooting on a scientific basis" the NAACP was established for the express purpose of protecting the civil rights of non-whites. The NRA did not involve itself in the politics of the second amendment until the 1930's. So, while the NRA existed prior to the founding of the NAACP, it did not function as a civil rights organization until well after the NAACP began its civil rights work. However the NAD began with its first national convention on August 25, 1880 with the express intent of promoting the needs and rights of deaf people in the United States, making it both the oldest and longest continually operating civil rights organization in the US.
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Who had the right to vote in the US before civil rights?

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Where did four students organized a sit-in at a lunch counter during the civil rights movement?

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