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While it has for some time been contended that scalping was a European invention, introduced along with bounties to prove a kill, there now seems to be ample archeological evidence to suggest that scalping was practiced by some eastern Native North American tribes prior to European contact.

It is still safe to say, however, that the practice of taking scalps, by both Native Americans and Europeans, spread after the introduction of scalp bounties in the early 18 th. century.

The English colonies (1703), followed by the Dutch, soon started a "Scalp Bounty" of 12 pounds per "Indian Scalp" this was raised to 100 pounds by 1721 or 1723.

The indigenous peoples retaliated by taking white scalps and the practice increased on both sides.

It is less clear whether scalping was practiced by western tribes prior to European contact, and it is possible that this practice spread westward with European settlers.

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Q: What is the origin of scalping by Native Americans?
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