What is the problem when you can program the Dish remote to control the volume and TV power but not the Dish receiver is this a remote receiver or TV related problem?

The remote can work both pieces of equipment. If the remote will not work the receiver, then the remote itself could be the issue.

If the remote is not controlling the receiver, press the SAT button and make sure it lights up. If it does, try the functions again. If still nothing, access the System Information screen. Press and hold the SAT button on the remote until all lights at the top come on, then let go and SAT will be blinking. Enter a number between 1 and 15 and press Pound (#). SAT should blink a few times, try the remote again. If still nothing, the remote itself may need to be replaced.