What is the relationship between the temperature of a solvent and the amount of solute it dissolves?



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There isn't a relationship between the two - think of temperature as a catalyst. It speeds up the rate at which the solvent dissolves the solute (as it provides more energy to ensure that the collision theory is more successful) - however, a solution will still become saturated at the same point regardless of temperature.

Note: In order for the collision theory to be successful, particles must collide with the correct energy, and at the correct orientation.