What kinds of ship were on the First Fleet?
2 battleships 3 supply ships and 6 convict ships
There was not just one ship of convicts that first came to Australia: it was an entire fleet of eleven ships. According to the Australian Government Culture Portal, there were 751 convicts that disembarked from the First Fleet. No doubt there were more who started out from England, but who did not survive the journey.
There were not twelve ships in the First Fleet. There were 11 ships in the First Fleet which transported convicts to Australia. They were: HMS Sirius - the flagship HMS Supply - the supply ship The Borrowdale - storeship The Fishburn - storeship Golden Grove - storeship Lady Penrhyn - transport Prince of Wales - transport Scarborough - transport The Charlotte - transport The Friendship - transport The Alexander - transport and the biggest ship
Captain Arthur Phillip was initially on the HMS Sirius, which was the leading ship of the First Fleet. In November 1787, a month after leaving the Cape of Good Hope, he transferred to the HMS Supply, leaving the Sirius under his second-in-command, Captain John Hunter. The Supply was a smaller and faster ship, so as the Fleet rounded Van Diemen's Land, Phillip forged ahead to form an advance party with the Alexander, Scarborough and Friendship.