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Electronics Engineering
Electrical Engineering

What major technologies are used to fabricate an integrated circuit?


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April 26, 2012 5:59AM

Starting in a clean room --> Cleaning, Oxidation, Lithography, Diffusion/Implantation, Metallization, Packaging.

one or all steps are repeated depending on the design.

There are various method and techniques to do each step, for example metalization can be done using e-beam, thermal evaporation, sputtering etc.