What substances are less dense when in a solid state than they are in a liquid state?
- In addition to water, for which the solid form (ice) is less dense than the liquid form, the element Gallium is also less dense in the liquid state. Gallium can be solid at room temperature but will melt in the hand.
confirmed as solid less dense than liquid:
- gallium - 5.91 (solid) vs 6.095 (liquid)
- bismuth - 9.78 (solid) vs 10.05 (liquid)
- germanium - 5.323 (solid) vs 5.60 (liquid)
- silicon - 2.3290 (solid) vs 2.57 (liquid)
- water - 0.917 (solid) vs 0.998 (liquid)
claimed but probably false:
- acetic acid - 1.266 (solid) vs 1.049 (liquid)
- antimony - 6.697 (solid) vs 6.53 (liquid) (this "error" is repeated in many places, inc wikipedia)
Water is not always less dense in solid form. Depending on how the water crystals are formed, it may actually be more dense. Examples include HDA and VHDA.
How do waters relatives densities as a solid and a liquid differ from that of most other substances?
The solid state of water is less dense than its liquid state, which is why ice floats on water. The solid state of nearly all other substances is more dense than the liquid state and sinks in the liquid state.
Solid water, ice, is less dense than liquid water and floats on top. The solid state of other substances is more dense than the liquid state and will sink in the liquid.
Yes. Ice is less dense than liquid water. For virtually all other substances, the solid state is more dense than the liquid state.
Most substances are denser as solids than they are as liquids. Water is the only common exception. However, once substance in the liquid state may be denser than another substance in its solid state. For example liquid Mercury is denser than most substances, even in their solid states.
Virtually every single one - water is a notable exception because of Hydrogen bonding.
Most substances are more dense in solid form than in liquid form. Water is an exception. Ice is less dense than water, which is why ice cubes float.
These changes of state are: solid to liquid, liquid to gas, gas to liquid, liquid to solid, solid to gas, gas to solid. The majority of substances have these state of matter changes.
There are many substances which are more dense as a liquid than a solid. In addition to water, for which the solid form (ice) is less dense than the liquid form, the element Gallium is also less dense in the liquid state. Gallium can be solid at room temperature but will melt in the hand. confirmed as solid less dense than liquid: gallium - 5.91 (solid) vs 6.095 (liquid) bismuth - 9.78 (solid) vs 10.05… Read More
More dense as a solid.
liquids dont melt A liquid has already melted from its solid state. I imagine the less dense the liquid is when in a solid state, the quicker it would melt to a liquid state.
The solid state is usually the most dense (except water), followed by the liquid state, which is less dense than the solid, followed by the gas state, which is the least dense.
Ice is less dense than water at 0 degrees. So Ice floats on water. Not many substances are less dense in the solid state than in the liquid state. It is fortunate that water is one of them.
Compared to most substances water is unusual because it does what when it goes from the liquid to solid state?
Water is unusual because it expands when it goes from the liquid to solid state
This is water (H2O).
No. In the vast majority of substances the solid state is denser than the liquid state.
No. The solid state of a metal is more dense than its liquid state, so it sinks.
Frost skips the liquid state, and immediately goes to the solid state of ice.
there are three states of matter one is solid another is liquid and the last one is gas and the most dense out of them all is the solid because its like a rock while gas is like steam and liquid is water
What is the most dense state of matter to the least dense including solids liquids gases and plasmas?
The order is: - solid (the densest) - liquid - gas - plasma
No. Covalent substances do not conduct electricity in solid or liquid state.
Water in the solid state is less dense than when in the liquid state. Ice floats.
In general, gas is the least dense, liquid in the middle, and solid the most dense. Plasma, the fourth state of matter, can have a wide range of densities.
when we put water in the freezer, at first it is in liquid state. as we all know 'substances expand on heating and contract on cooling', the water molecules contract on cooling and turn into solid state from liquid state
5 grams of liquid gold Other than water, the solid state of a substance sinks into its liquid state, because the liquid state is less dense than the solid state. The solid 5 gram sample of gold would have a lower volume, giving it a higher density. The liquid sample of 5 grams of gold would have a greater volume and a lower density.
They are the three states of matter for all substances. A solid has molecules packed tightly together; a liquid has molecules that have some room to move; gases have molecules that can move freely. eg for water the solid state is ice, the liquid state water and the gas state water vapour (steam)
the temperature below which a liquid turns into a solid Melting point: the temperature at which a solid become a liquid. Boiling point: the temperature The temperature at which something will melt (turn from solid to liquid) "Melting point" refers to the temperature at which a substance will melt - the temperature at which it will change from the solid state to the liquid state. This temperature varies widely for different substances.
No, solid water (Ice) is less dense than liquid water - which is why ice floats. However, I can not bring to mind any solid that is less dens than its gaseous state.
During the melting the structure of the material is destroyed and the liquid is a low oredered state of matter.
Ice has about 91.5% of the density of water. It floats because it is less dense than water.
Ice floats. Most other substances are denser in the solid state.
When most liquids change to their solid state, they become denser. However, water freezes and the resulting solid, ice, is less dense than it's liquid state (aka ice floats over liquid water)
Regarding you question - ice IS as solid. Solids are usually more dense than their liquid counterparts (because the atoms/molecules are more tightly packed in a solid). Ice is special because as it freezes the bonds hold the molecules further apart than they are in the liquid state - ice therefore floats.
No, water is not the only substance that increase in volume when it changes state from liquid to solid. The element gallium is less dense as a solid than as a liquid, to name one. Generally speaking, solids are usually more dense than their liquid forms, but not always. and some other liquids also do
The kinds of changes in substances that are always physical changes are changes in the state. This is the change from solid, to liquid and then to gas and the reverse.
Plasma is a state after gas form Solid - liquid - gas - plasma
Dissolving means forming a homogeneous solution by mixing a solute into a solvent in the form of solid into solid, solid into liquid, liquid into liquid, gas into liquid or gas into gas. Melting means changing the state of matter of any substance from the solid to the liquid. Reacting means combination of two substances to form a third substance which cannot be divided into the initial two substances via physical measures like boiling, filtration… Read More
State of matter is referring to a substances existence as a solid, liquid, or gas. So, a common example would be solid water (we call it ice) changing state to liquid water due to the addition of energy (possibly heat). If energy continues to enter the system the liquid water will change state again to become a gas (steam).
For most substances over all temperatures as you heat a substance it will become less dense and as you cool it the substance will become less dense. But as with any law there exceptions. Liquid sulphur for example will become less dense as it is heated up to a certain point and then as you continue to heat it the sulphur becomes more dense. But the most noteable exception is water. As water cools from… Read More
A lot of things have lower density than water. Water has an uncommon property in that its solid state (ice) has lower density than its liquid state, which is why ice floats; with most substances (such as iron), the solid state is denser than the liquid state. Essentially, anything that floats in water as a solid is less dense than water. Boats float not because the steel or wood in on of themselves are lighter… Read More
The change of a substance from a solid directly to a gas is called sublimation.
Evaporation is the change of state from a liquid to a gas. At a certain temperature all compounds and substances will evaporate. SOLID to LIQUID then to GAS.
There are three states of matter solid, liquid and gas. What determines what state matter is in is how closely the matter's particles are to each other. When water particles are close together, making it dense, it's a solid (ice), when the particles space out a bit, becoming less dense, it becomes a liquid. When the particles space out even more from each other water becomes a gas.
The phase transition from a liquid to a solid is called freezing. We see this when we cool water, and the water will eventually freeze to become the familiar solid we call ice. other names for the phase transition are: Solidifying. Congealing. Crystallizing. Some substances polymerize and therefore go from a liquid state to a solid state (often under exothermic conditions - they get hot) an example is epoxy.
Following are some of the unique properties of water: In the solid state, the particles of matter are usually much closer together than they are in the liquid state. So if you put a solid into its corresponding liquid, it sinks. But this is not true of water. Its solid state is less dense than its liquid state, so it floats. Water's boiling point is unusually high. Other compounds similar in weight to water have… Read More
1. in most pure substances, melting occurs at a specific Temperature called the melting point. 2. the change of state from liquid to solid is called freezing (solidification) 3. the change from a liquid to gas is called Condensation.
The state of liquid to Solid is ; Freezing
ALL substances in a gaseous state do not have a definite volume or shape. ALL substances in a liquid state have a definite volume but no definite shape. ALL substances in a solid state have a definite volume and a definite shape. Oxygen usually presents as a gas.
The density of matter does change when the state of matter changes. Most materials are most dense in the solid state and least dense in gaseous state (this is kind of intuitive). Water is an exception, though. It is most dense in the liquid state (at 4 degrees C, to be exact) -- that's why ice floats on water!
A physical change is a change that can be reversed easily and no new substances are made. Examples are state changes ie. solid to liquid or liquid to gas.
The physical state of substances can be solid, liquid, or gas, and matter can be changed from one state to another by temperature, pressure, or as a result of chemical change, etc.