# What the Mathematical methods used in molecular modelling?

Classical mechanics like in *Abalone*.

Quantum Mechanics, such as in *Gaussian*.

### What math is used in structural Engineering?

All forms of math are used in some capacity in structural engineering (and all engineering for that matter). We use mathematical physics quite often, such as statics and dynamics analysis, and when considering the effects of material properties. We use calculus and matrix math a fair amount in finite element modelling and dynamic loading condition analysis. Finally, we use algebra and triginometry extensively since they are the building blocks of all mathematical analysis.

### What are the methods for identification of source rock maturation?

There are several methods to known the source rock maturation. In petroleum industry commonly used vitrinite reflectance, spore colour index, and Tmax methods. Loptin 1971, proposed one model called TTI modelling. In his model time and temperature both are taken into consideration to calculate the maturation of a source rock. Any chemical reaction, double when increase the 10 deg centigrate, Lopatin assume the rate of maturation is also follow the same double role. An average…

### What methods can be used to study protein-protein interactions?

There are numerous methods for protein protein interactions. Biochemical methods include: 1) Coimmunoprecipitation - proteins are isolated with specific antobody. 2) Affinity Electrophoresis- estimates protein binding. 3) cross linking - to fix protein interactions before isolating 4) Quantitative immunoprecipitation: to detect interactions between endogenous non tagged proteins. Molecular Biology methods: 1) protein probing 2) two hybid system 3) phage display Genetic methods: 1) Isolation of extragenetic suppressors ,Synthetic mutants

### What are the different methods of DNA and RNA extraction?

This procedure is complicated by the ubiquitous presence of ribonuclease enzymes in cells and tissues, which can rapidly degrade RNA. Several methods are used in molecular biology to isolate RNA from samples, the most common of these is Guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform extraction This method often uses a proprietary formulation of this reagent called Trizol.

### Was Michael Faraday a mathematician?

No, his mathematical knowledge did not extend to trigonometry and he could deal with only simple algebra. However, his work was intuitively mathematical. James Maxwell, who used Faraday's work to formulate his equations which form the basis for modern electromagnetic phenomena, wrote that he considered Faraday "to have been in reality a mathematician of a very high order – one from whom the mathematicians of the future may derive valuable and fertile methods."

### Which places supercomputer uses in India?

The supercomputer program in India was started in late 1980s. In India, the places where supercomputers are used: Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, IT Services Provider, Manufacturing Company India, National Center for Medium Range Weather Forecasting, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, ISRO, Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, CSIR Centre for Mathematical Modelling and Computer Simulation.

### Why are proteins known as molecular clocks?

The molecular clock is used to estimate the time of occurrence of events called speciation and radiation. The molecular data used for such calculations is usually nucleotide sequence for DNA or amino acid sequences for proteins. In other words, a protein is known as a molecular clock because it changes over time.

### What was Isaac Newton mathematical discovery?

In mathematics, Newton shares the credit with Gottfried Leibniz for the development of the differential and integral calculus. He also demonstrated the generalised binomial theorem, developed the so-called "Newton's method" for approximating the zeroes of a function. He used the methods of calculus to solve the problem of planetary motion.

### What are Laplace transforms?

Laplace transforms are used in electronics to quickly build a mathematical circuit in the frequency domain (or 's' plane) that can then can be converted quickly into the time domain. The theory of how this works is still a puzzle to me, but the methods used are straightforward. Simply solve the integral of the function in question multiplied by the exponential function e-st with limits between 0 and infinity.