What was Ecbatana?

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โˆ™ 2009-01-14 16:23:46

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โˆ™ 2009-01-14 16:23:46
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Q: What was Ecbatana?
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When did Battle of Ecbatana happen?

Battle of Ecbatana happened in -129.

Where is Ecbatana?

ecbatana is the old name of hamedan hamedan is name of city in west of iran

What cities were located in the Persian empire?

Babylon, Susa, Pasagadae, Ecbatana, sardis

What were the advanced cities of Ancient Persia?

Advanced cities of Ancient Persia were the Persepolis, Susa, and the Ecbatana. Persepolis was the capital of the Persian kingdom.

How many capitals cities did the Persian Empire have about 500 BC?

The Persian Empire had 4 capital cities in 500 BC - Babylon, Persepolis, Ecbatana, and Susa.

What empires did Alexander the great conquer?

Pella, Granicus, Sardis, Gordium, Issus, Alexandria, Memphis, Gaugamela, Babylon, Susa, Perpolis, Pasargadae, Ecbatana, Alexandropolis, Alexandria Ariea, Kandahar, Kabul

What are persia's capitals?

Persia had three capitals during the Achaemenid Period: Persepolis, Susa, Ecbatana. Perisa's capital during the Seleucid and Parthian dynasties was Seleucia. Persia's capital during the Sassanid dynasty was Ctesiphon. After Islam the three cities which at some point was a capital of Persia were Shiraz (under the Buyids), Isfahan (under the Safavids), and Tehran (under the Qajars). There probably were other capitals of Persia besides the ones I have stated but these are the primary ones.

What was the name of the Persian capital?

I am trying to find the answer to that question also. The problem seems to be that Persia had different capitals at different times. Apparently Cyrus madePasargadae the capital; Darius I made Persepolis a capital, Persepolis is a Greek name for the Persian Parsa, but Susa, Mashhad, Ecbatana, Ctesiphon, Isfahan, Tabriz, and Tehran might also be correct answers. Ctesiphon may be the same as Isfahan.Alterate Answer:Persia at different points in history had different capitals. Persepolis, Ecbatana, Susa, Pasargade, and Babylon were considered capitals of Persia during the Achaemenid period. Seleucia became capital of Persia under the Seleucid dynasty. Ctesiphon became the capital of Persia under the Parthians and the Sassanids. Shiraz was the capital of Persia under the Buyids. Tabriz was the capital of Persia under Mongol and Turk rule. Isfahan was the capital of Persia under the Safavids. Mashad was the capital of Persia during the Afsharid dynasty and Tehran became the capital of Persia following the establishment of the Qajar dynasty. (FYI: Ctesiphon and Seleucia were within a few miles apart from each other and were in modern day Iraq. Isfahan and Ctesiphon are not different names for the same city).Persepolis.

What is the significance of persepolis?

Though evidence of prehistoric settlement at Persepolis has been discovered, inscriptions indicate that construction of the city began under Darius I the Great(reigned 522--486 BC). As a member of a new branch of the royal house, Darius made Persepolis the new capital of Persia (replacing Pasargadae, the burial place of Cyrus the Great).Built in a remote and mountainous region, Persepolis was an inconvenient royal residence, visited mainly in the spring. The effective administration of the Achaemenian Empire was carried on from Susa, Babylon, or Ecbatana. This accounts for the Greeks being unacquainted with Persepolis until Alexander the Great's invasion of Asia.In 330 BC, Alexander the Great plundered the city and burned the palace of Xerxes, probably to symbolize the end of his Panhellenic war of revenge. In 316 BC Persepolis was still the capital of Persis as a province of the Macedonian empire, but the city gradually declined in the Seleucid period and after. In the 3rd century AD the nearby city of Istakhr became the centre of the Sasanian empire. Today, relatively well-preserved ruins attest to Persepolis' ancient glory.

What the impact history of the behistun inscription?

In Antiquity, Bagastâna, which means 'place where the gods dwell', was the name of a village and a remarkable, isolated rock along the road that connected the capitals of Babylonia and Media, Babylon and Ecbatana where The Behistun inscription was carved. The famous Behistun inscription was engraved on a cliff about 100 meters off the ground. Darius tells us how the supreme gods Ahuramazda choose him to dethrone a usurper named Gaumâta, how he set out to quell several revolts, and how he defeated his foreign enemies. - The monument consists of four parts: - A large relief depicting king Darius, his bow carrier Intaphrenes and his lance carrier Gobryas. Darius overlooks nine representatives of conquered peoples, their necks tied. A tenth figure, badly damaged, is lying under the king's feet. Above these thirteen people is a representation of the supreme god Ahuramazda. This relief is based on older monuments, further along the road, at Sar-e Pol-e Zahab. Underneath is a panel with a cuneiform text in Old Persian, telling the story of the king's conquests. The text consists of four columns and an appendix and has a total length of about 515 lines. Another panel is telling more or less the same story in Babylonian. A third panel with the same text in Elamite language. This translation of the Persian text has a length of 650 lines.

Where did the people in the Bible known as Medes come from?

Some thoughts:The Medes came from the lineage of Jepheth (Noah's son), with many similarities to the Persians (religion, race and language)who lived to their south. They left no written history themselves, but what is known comes from the Bible, Assyrian records and Greek historians. Archeology first notes their presence on the Iranian Plateau, west and south of the Caspian Sea, with the Zagros Mountains serving as a border between Media and Assyria. They were nomadic, and were known for the fine horses they raised, and their metal work in bronze and gold. The Bible first mentions them during the time of the Assyrian King Shalmaneser III who lived during the reign of King Jehu(around 904-877 BCE)(2 Kings 17:6/2 Kings 18:11). By 634 BCE they became a major enemy of the Assyrian empire and finally joined with Babylon to destroy it (fulfilling prophecy:Zephaniah 2:3/Nahum 2:8-13/Nahum 3:18+19), and then split it's territory between Babylon and Media, with their capitol in Ecbatana(Ezra 6:2).The Nabonidus Chronicle later mentions that the Persian ruler, Cyrus, overthrows the Median empire and the two forces merge to form the Medo-Persian Empire which God later used to overthrow Babylon as was prophesied(Daniel 8:3,20/Daniel 5:28/Daniel 6:8,12,15/Jeremiah 51:11). By 330 BCE, Alexander the Great had conquered Media, occupying it. When he died young, it became part of the Seleucid Empire. Though they were still known as Medes in 33CE(Acts 2:1,5,9), by the 3rd century CE, they were part of the Iranian populace and no longer a distinct people.

What are the achievements of the Mauryan dynasty?

The Mauryan Empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 326 B.C.E in northern India. Chandragupta, his son Bindusara, and his grandson Ashoka, unified the entire subcontinent of India-the sole exception is the southern tip-and, in doing so, established the first great Indian empire.Chandragupta established his capital at Pataliputra after he defeated the previous rulers of India, the Magadha. He later defeated Alexander the Great's successor, Seleucus Nicator, in 305 B.C.E. Chandragupta's minister, Kautilya, wrote the Arthasastra , a pioneering text in the field of economics. Pataliputra was a great city that, according to the Greek historian Megasthenes, had,"570 towers- (and) rivaled the splendors of contemporaneous Persian sites such as Susa and Ecbatana."Chandragupta ruled for 25 years. Then he abdicated in 301 B.C.E and became a Jain monk, fasting to death around 298 B.C.E. His son, Bindusara, took over in 301 B.C.E. and expanded the southern part of the empire. Known as the "Slayer of Foes", Bindursara had open relations with the Seleucid Empire, and even sent an ambassador there.Ashoka, one of India's greatest rulers, succeeded in 268 or 269 B.C.E and expanded the Mauryan Empire to its greatest extent. Many of Ashoka's pronouncements were carved into stone pillars using the Brahmi script, the oldest post-Indus writing we have record of. Ashoka famously converted to Buddhism, and dedicated the rest of his life to spread the word of the Buddha. (He tolerated all religions.) He compiled Buddhist canon, and denounced immoral behavior. He encouraged people to go on pilgrimages instead of going hunting. Two of his children even became missionaries.During the Mauryan Empire culture flourished. Cities grew as commerce boomed. (The Mauryan Empire traded with Rome and China.) Unfortunately, after Ashoka's death in about 232 B.C.E., The Mauryan Empire crumbled. A battle for succession ensured, with no clear winner, and in 183 B.C.E. the last Mauryan ruler was defeated; However, the legacy of the Mauryan Empire lives on in the Indian people today.

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