What was The National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958?

This was the Congressional Act that created the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the US civilian space agency, to assume some space exploration roles from the military. It was signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on July 29, 1958.

The policy statement for NASA included: "The Congress hereby declares that it is the policy of the United States that activities in space should be devoted to peaceful purposes for the benefit of all mankind."