What was the Depression?
It was the biggest time of great financial hardship in the recent past.
Not all kinds of depression is hereditary. A parent who suffered from depression increases your risk of depression but postnatal depression is not hereditary. If you have had depression in the past then your chances of getting postnatal depression are increased. Similarly if you have had postnatal depression in the past you may not get the condition again with subsequent children.
Melancholic Depression, or 'depression with melancholic features', is a subtype of major depression characterized by the inability to find pleasure in positive things combined with physical agitation, insomnia, or decreased appetite. Roughly 10% of people with depression suffer from Melancholic Depression.
No, that type of depression is called Reactive Depression. Major Depression, Dysthymia (mild depression), and the Depression Phase of Bipolar Disorder can strike entirely "out of the blue" for no apparent external reason. They may or may not have external triggers, but the trigger if there is one can as easily be mood incongruent (good events trigger depression) as mood congruent (bad events trigger depression).
That's why it is called "the depression," because it was the biggest time of great financial hardship in the recent past. "The Great Depression" and "The Depression" are the same thing. Although, some people talk about us entering "a depression" sometimes, and they are talking about the economy now, not back then.
Yes, they are the same. Severe depression is also called "major" depression. The differentiation is with bipolar depression. That depression is the depressive cycle of the illness. Clinical depression is more prevalent in women. While there is no research-based reason for this, in my opinion it is because research has shown that women are more emotional than are men.
There is some debate about this: some sources say 1939 because unemployment was finally decreasing and the country seemed well on the way to recovery. But one in five Americans was still out of work. For that reason, many historians believe the Depression really ended in late 1941 or early 1942, as a result of the United States entering World War II. The war-time economy provided jobs for millions of men and women, in the…