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Japan and Russia were both expansionist powers in the last 1800's. Russia had occupied Siberia - and even gone across the Pacific into Alaska and California. Japan, a latecomer to expansionist aspirations, began moving onto mainland Asia a little later than Russia. At this time, through the entire 1800's and the early 1900's, China was a very weak country. Although strong in numbers and resources, the Chinese lacked a central government with enough authority to defend the country. Many nations took advantage of this weakness. The British organized to sell narcotics to the Chinese, and when the Chinese objected to this horrific trade, the British attacked and forced the issue. The American's, French, and Germans all took over certain coastal areas and set up colonial territories for themselves. However, due to geographical proximity, Japan and Russia were the most active in occupying Chinese territory. The Russian's took over vast areas of Chinese land in what is now southern Russia. The Japanese advanced into Korea and made inroads into Manchuria, technically part of China. Russia lusted for a warm water port on the Sea of Japan and had set up Port Arthur, in southern Manchuria, as their area base. They began building a railroad to connect it to the Trans-Siberian rail system already in place. The Japanese saw this correctly as a threat to their own Chinese aspirations. War ensued. Japan won, this being the first time in modern history that a European nation had lost a war to a non-European power. The Japanese victory gave them control of Manchuria in its entirity. They renamed the territory Manchuko and began developing its rich industrial and agricultural resources for themselves. To a large extent the later Japanese invasion of 'China proper' was financed by the resources of Manchuria. Thus the Japanese army in Asia became to some extent, independent of Japan itself. This created a political split in Japan that eventually became insurmountable. The army in China wanted to press that war all the way to a conclusion that entailed occupation of all China. The Japanese homeland politicians and military leaders were more naval oriented and to some extent, wished to reduce the Chinese war so as not to antagonize various western nations, such as the USA. In 1941 the Japanese decided to attack the USA, their main antagonist economically. This led to Pearl Harbor. It is interesting to note that the entire Japanese war effort in the Pacific which entailed the conquest of Wake, Philipines, Indochina, Singapore, Bornea, Java, Sumatra, Malaysia, Burma, the Solomon Islands, and other places, was done with only eleven divisions. That such a small force could accomplish so much is indeed remarkable. The reason Japan could only field eleven divisions for this vast territory ties back to the Japanese Army based in China/Manchuria. That Chinese based army had become semi-autonimous due to the industrial base in Manchuria. When the central government requested troops to fight the Pacific war, the Japanese Army would only release eleven divisions, this considered the barest minimum to accomplish the tasks required. Otherwise, all units, of which there were many, were held back to continue to Chinese war. Essentially the Japanese Army defied the request from the Japanese central government, and made only a token effort at compliance. At 1945 Yalta conference the allies (America, Britain etc) requested Russia enter the Pacific threatre and provide assistance with helping to defeat Japan, which Russia agreed to after the Red Army had finished the Germans in Berlin. In August 1945, Soviet forces attacked the overstretched Japanese army in Manchuria and quickly overran them. The Soviets captured huge amounts of Japanese army military equipment which they turned over to their Chinese communist allies. These 'Red' Chinese were then able to defeat the American supported 'Nationalist' Chinese. The Soviets/Russians thought they would then at last have full access to the resources and warm water ports of Manchuria. Unfortunately for them, the new Chinese leader, Mao, had other ideas. As soon as he had full control of China, he began separating the Chinese from their alliance with the Soviets. Ultimately this split became total and the two nations have gone their separate ways. Manchuria is now fully integrated into the Chinese political and economic system.

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โˆ™ 2017-11-16 02:21:19
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Q: What was the Invasion of Manchuria all about?
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Related questions

When did Soviet invasion of Manchuria happen?

Soviet invasion of Manchuria happened in 1945.

When did Russian invasion of Manchuria happen?

Russian invasion of Manchuria happened in 1900.

When did Japanese invasion of Manchuria happen?

Japanese invasion of Manchuria happened on 1931-09-19.

Did Japan's military launch an invasion on Manchuria?

Japan invaded Manchuria in 1931 .

Who lead the Japanese invasion of Manchuria?

Shigeru Honjo .

What was the invasion to manchuria?

Japan invaded Manchuria in 1931 and The USSR invaded Manchuria in 1945 to stop the Japanese and try to end World War 2.

What impact did the Japanese invasion have upon Japan and its people?

the leaders were very angre with the invasion of manchuria!

How long did the Japanese invasion of Manchuria last?

about 3 years

Could Japan's invasion of Manchuria have been prevented?


What suspended China's Civil War?

Japanese invasion of Manchuria

Who was to blame for the invasion of manchuria?

Mineral wealth and other raw materials.

What was united states response to Japan's invasion of Manchuria?

japan won it

What role did the US play after the Japanese invasion of manchuria?

novanet---- the unites states did not approve of japan's invasion but they did not interfere

Where did the Japanese invasion of Manchuria happen?

Manchuria, also known as Mukden, vicinity of the Japanese railroad station that was destroyed, sparking the incident in 1931.

What role did the United States play after Japans invasion of Manchuria?

NovaNET answer: The United States did not approve of Japan's invasion but did not interfere.

Why did japan leave league of nations?

Criticism of her invasion and occupation of China and Manchuria

How did japan begin its expansion in world war 2?

The Japanese invasion of Manchuria .

Why did Chins resent Japan more than it did other nations?

manchuria invasion

Who was responsible for the Japanese invasion of Manchuria?

The Japanese military . . . Manchuria was used as an area to store tanks, soldiers, food, fuel, ammunition, and so forth.

What action did the league of nations take against japan as a result of the invasion of manchuria?


What event caused world war 2 to begin in the pacific?

The Japanese invasion of Manchuria.

The totalitarian challenge to the US and the European democracies began with the 1931 invasion of Manchuria by?


The two Chinese groups that fought one another before the invasion of Manchuria were the?


Who all used Blitzkrieg?

Germany was the first, but Allied countries adopted the principles of Blitzkrieg, as evidenced by the swift Soviet invasion of Japanese-occupied Manchuria in 1945.

Which best characterizes the League of Nation's response to the invasion of Ethiopia and Manchuria and the Rhineland?

Slow, but very effective