What was the old name of New York City?
New York City was originally called New Amsterdam as the first
settlers were from Holland.
The Dutch claimed the area where New York City now stands and
established a colony, naming it New Amsterdam.
New Amsterdam became the largest Dutch colonial settlement in
North America. During the second Anglo-Dutch War between England
and the United Netherlands, the colony was surrendered to the
English on 24 September 1664, and renamed New York. When the Dutch
retook control briefly in 1673, they renamed it "New Orange", but
ceded it permanently to England after the signing of the Treaty of
Westminster in 1674.