What was the original name of Scotland?


Scotland has been given many names,

  • Caledonia - Romans
  • Alba/Alban - Gaelic (still used) also supposedly called this (or Albion) by greek sailors.
  • Pretanikai nesoi - Contributed to the Greek sailor Pytheas as early as 300 BCE.
  • Pryten - Pictish form of the Irish, became Briton in the Teutonic.
  • North Britain - Official name used in the Highland clearances
  • Scotland - comes from the Scotii clan from Ireland who settled in Dalriada
  • Scotland has also been referred to as Scotia